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Comic book superhero
Not to be confused with Doc Strange, Doctor Stranger, or Dr. Strangelove. For other uses, see Doctor Strange (disambiguation).
"Stephen Strange" redirects here. For the Welsh pop singer, see Steve Strange. For the film character, see Stephen Strange (Marvel Cinematic Universe).
Doctor Stephen Strange is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko, the character first appeared in Strange Tales # (cover-dated July ). Doctor Strange serves as the Sorcerer Supreme, the primary protector of Earth against magical and mystical threats. Inspired by stories of black magic and based on Chandu the Magician by Harry A. Earnshaw and Raymond R. Morgan, Strange was created during the Silver Age of Comic Books to bring a different kind of character and themes of mysticism to Marvel Comics.
The character begins as an extremely talented but egotistical surgeon who loses the ability to operate after a car crash severely damages his hands beyond repair. Searching the globe for healing, he encounters the Ancient One, the Sorcerer Supreme. Strange becomes his student, and learns to be a master of both the mystical and the martial arts. He acquires an assortment of mystical objects, including the powerful Eye of Agamotto and Cloak of Levitation, and takes up residence in a mansion referred to as the Sanctum Sanctorum, located in A Bleecker Street, Greenwich Village, New York City. Strange assumes the title of Sorcerer Supreme and, with his friend and valet Wong, defends the world from mystical threats.
The character was first portrayed in live-action by Peter Hooten in the television film Dr. Strange. Benedict Cumberbatch portrays Stephen Strange in the Marvel Cinematic Universe films Doctor Strange (), Thor: Ragnarok (), Avengers: Infinity War (), and Avengers: Endgame (). Cumberbatch reprised his role in the Disney+ animated series What If? () in an alternate timeline, and the upcoming films Spider-Man: No Way Home () and Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness ().
Further information: Doctor Strange (comic book)
Artist Steve Ditko and writer Stan Lee have described the character as having been originally the idea of Ditko, who wrote in , "On my own, I brought in to Lee a five-page, penciled story with a page/panel script of my idea of a new, different kind of character for variety in Marvel Comics. My character wound up being named Dr. Strange because he would appear in Strange Tales." In a letter to Jerry Bails, Lee called the character Ditko's idea, saying:
Well, we have a new character in the works for Strange Tales (just a 5-page filler named Dr. Strange) Steve Ditko is gonna draw him. It has sort of a black magic theme. The first story is nothing great, but perhaps we can make something of him-- 'twas Steve's idea and I figured we'd give it a chance, although again, we had to rush the first one too much. Little sidelight: Originally decided to call him Mr. Strange, but thought the "Mr." bit too similar to Mr. Fantastic -- now, however, I remember we had a villain called Dr. Strange just recently in one of our mags, hope it won't be too confusing!
Doctor Strange debuted in Strange Tales # (July ), a split book shared with the feature "The Human Torch". Doctor Strange appeared in issues #– and # before the character's eight-page origin story in # (December ). Scripter Lee's take on the character was inspired by the Chandu the Magician radio program that aired on the Mutual Broadcasting System in the s. He had Doctor Strange accompany spells with elaborate artifacts, such as the "Eye of Agamotto" and the "Wand of Watoomb", as well as mystical-sounding vocabulary such as "Hoary Hosts of Hoggoth!". Although these often referenced the names of established mythological beings, Lee has said he never had any idea what the incantations meant and used them simply because they sounded mystical and mysterious. Ditko showcased surrealistic mystical landscapes and increasingly vivid visuals that helped make the feature a favorite of college students at the time. Comics historian Mike Benton wrote:
The Dr. Strange stories of the s constructed a cohesive cosmology that would have thrilled any self-respecting theosophist. College students, minds freshly opened by psychedelic experiences and Eastern mysticism, read Ditko and Lee's Dr. Strange stories with the belief of a recent Hare Krishna convert. Meaning was everywhere, and readers analyzed the Dr. Strange stories for their relationship to Egyptian myths, Sumerian gods, and Jungian archetypes.
"People who read Doctor Strange thought people at Marvel must be heads [i.e., drug users]," recalled then-associate editor and former Doctor Strange writer Roy Thomas in , "because they had had similar experiences high on mushrooms. But I don't use hallucinogens, nor do I think any artists do."
Originating in the early s, the character was a predictor of trends in art prior to them becoming more established in the later counterculture of the s. As historian Bradford W. Wright described:
Steve Ditko contributed some of his most surrealistic work to the comic book and gave it a disorienting, hallucinogenic quality. Dr. Strange's adventures take place in bizarre worlds and twisting dimensions that resembled Salvador Dalí paintings. Inspired by the pulp-fiction magicians of Stan Lee's childhood as well as by contemporary Beat culture, Dr. Strange remarkably predicted the youth counterculture's fascination with Eastern mysticism and psychedelia. Never among Marvel's more popular or accessible characters, Dr. Strange still found a niche among an audience seeking a challenging alternative to more conventional superhero fare.
As co-plotter and later sole plotter in the Marvel Method of scripting, Ditko took Strange into ever-more-abstract realms. In a issue story arc in Strange Tales # (March – July ), Ditko introduced the cosmic character Eternity, who personified the universe and was depicted as a silhouette filled with the cosmos.Golden Age of Comic Books artist/writer Bill Everett succeeded Ditko as artist with issues #, followed by Marie Severin through # and Dan Adkins through #, the final issue before the Nick Fury feature moved to its own title and Strange Tales was renamed Doctor Strange. Expanded to 20 pages per issue, the Doctor Strange solo series ran 15 issues, # (June – November ), continuing the numbering of Strange Tales. Thomas wrote the run of new stories, joined after the first three issues by the art team of pencilerGene Colan and inkerTom Palmer through the end.
After plans were announced for a never-released split book series featuring Doctor Strange and Iceman, each in solo adventures, Strange next appeared in the first three issues (December – June ) of the quarterly showcase title Marvel Feature. He appeared in both the main story detailing the formation of superhero "non-team" the Defenders, and the related back-up story. The character then starred in a revival solo series in Marvel Premiere # (July – March ). This arc marked the debut of another recurring foe, the entity Shuma-Gorath, created by writer Steve Englehart and artist Frank Brunner, who took over as the regular creative team starting with Marvel Premiere # Englehart and Brunner collaborated closely on the stories, meeting over dinner every two months to discuss the series, and their run became known for its psychedelic visuals and plots. In issues # (May–September ), Strange is forced to shut down the Ancient One's mind, causing his mentor's physical death. Strange then assumes the title of Sorcerer Supreme. Englehart and Brunner created another multi-issue storyline featuring sorcerer Sise-Neg ("Genesis" spelled backward) going back through history, collecting all magical energies, until he reaches the beginning of the universe, becomes all-powerful and creates it anew, leaving Strange to wonder whether this was, paradoxically, the original creation. Stan Lee, seeing the issue after publication, ordered Englehart and Brunner to print a retraction saying this was not God but a god, to avoid offending religious readers. According to Frank Brunner, he and Englehart concocted a fake letter from a fictitious minister praising the story, and mailed it to Marvel from Texas. Marvel unwittingly printed the letter in Doctor Strange #3 and dropped the retraction.
Due to the growing number of Doctor Strange readers, the Marvel Premiere series segued to the character's second ongoing title, Doctor Strange: Master of the Mystic Arts, also known as Doctor Strange vol. 2, which ran 81 issues (June – Feb. ).Doctor Strange #14 featured a crossover story with The Tomb of Dracula #44, another series which was being drawn by Gene Colan at the time. In Englehart's final story, he sent Dr. Strange back in time to meet Benjamin Franklin.
Strange met his allies Topaz in #75 (Feb, ) and Rintrah in #80 (December ). The series ended with a cliffhanger as his home, the Sanctum Sanctorum, was heavily damaged during a battle. Among the losses was Doctor Strange's entire collection of mystic books and other important artifacts. As a consequence, Strange was now considerably weaker and several spells designed to protect humanity from vampires and the evil serpent god Set expired.
The title was discontinued so that the character's adventures could be transferred to another split book format series. Strange Tales vol. 2, # (April – Oct. ) was shared with street heroes Cloak and Dagger. This new Doctor Strange series resolved Strange's quest to reclaim his power and missing artifacts, as well as resurrecting the Defenders, who had died in the last issue of that team's title.
Strange was returned to his own series, this time titled Doctor Strange: Sorcerer Supreme, which ran 90 issues (November – June ). The initial creative team was writer Peter B. Gillis and artists Richard Case and Randy Emberlin, with storylines often spanning multiple issues. Strange lost the title of "Sorcerer Supreme" in issues # (Dec. – Jan. ) when he refused to fight a war on behalf of the Vishanti, the mystical entities that empower his spells. During this time the series became part of the "Midnight Sons" group of Marvel's supernatural comics. Doctor Strange found new sources of magical strength in the form of chaos magic, as well as a magic construct he used as a proxy. He would form the Secret Defenders with a rotating roster of heroes, and reunite with the original Defenders. Strange regained his title in Doctor Strange: Sorcerer Supreme #80 (August ).
Strange appeared with the Human Torch and the Thing in the one-shot publication Strange Tales vol. 3, #1 (Nov. ).
The character was featured in several limited series. The first was Doctor Strange: The Flight of Bones #1-#4 (Feb.–May ), with a series of spontaneous combustions by criminals instigated by old foe Dormammu. Strange was the catalyst for the creation of a trio of sorceresses in Witches #1-#4 (Aug.-Nov. ). The Strange limited series (Nov. – July ) by writers J. Michael Straczynski and Samm Barnes updated the character's origin. Another limited series, Doctor Strange: The Oath # (Dec. – April ), written by Brian K. Vaughan and illustrated by Marcos Martin, focused on Strange's responsibilities as sorcerer and doctor.
Doctor Strange has appeared in four graphic novels: Doctor Strange: Into Shamballa (); Doctor Strange & Doctor Doom: Triumph and Torment (); Spider-Man/Dr. Strange: The Way to Dusty Death (); and Dr. Strange: What Is It That Disturbs You, Stephen? ().
Strange appeared as a supporting character for the bulk of the s. He appeared regularly in The Amazing Spider-Man under J. Michael Straczynski, before being cast into a time loop by Baron Mordo. He later appeared on and off in The New Avengers, where he was stated as being part of the secret group known as the Illuminati to deal with future threats to Earth. Ultimately Strange joined the team and allowed them to use his home as a base after the events of the "Civil War" storyline, which he sat out. Doctor Strange was critical of the federal Superhuman Registration Act and aided the anti-registration Avengers team led by Luke Cage.
During Brian Michael Bendis' time as writer, Doctor Doom attacked the Avengers and manipulated the Scarlet Witch into eliminating most of the mutant population. Doctor Strange's failure to recognize Doom's hand in the former and to stop the latter caused him to start to doubt his abilities.[volume&issueneeded] After he was forced to use dark magic to confront an enraged Hulk, followed by further use of dark spells to save the New Avengers from the Hood's supervillain army, Strange renounced his status as Sorcerer Supreme, as he felt that he was no longer worthy of it. The Eye of Agamotto passed the mantle on to Brother Voodoo.
He was also featured in The Order, which spun out of the Defenders revival, and the Indefensible Defenders mini-series.[volume&issueneeded]
Doctor Strange appeared as a regular character throughout the The New Avengers series.Brother Voodoo, now newly appointed Sorcerer Supreme Doctor Voodoo, sacrifices himself in order to stop the powerful mystical entity Agamotto from reclaiming the Eye. A guilt-ridden Strange rejoins the New Avengers, and offers the team his valet Wong to act as their housekeeper.
Strange eventually regains his position of Sorcerer Supreme, but is possessed by a demon[volume&issueneeded] and becomes leader of the Black Priests.
After the various Marvel universes merge into one, Doctor Strange acts as righthand man of Doctor Doom, who has become the ruler of this world after erasing all recollection of the previous separate realities that existed. Circumstances force Strange to open a pod that releases the surviving heroes of the original Marvel continuity, known as Earth Doom kills Doctor Strange.
In , Jason Aaron and Chris Bachalo teamed up for the fourth volume of Doctor Strange. A new character, reluctant librarian Zelma Stanton, agrees to reorganize Strange's magical library.[full citation needed]Brother Voodoo returns, and the series and a spinoff, Dr. Strange: Last Days of Magic, sees such characters as Medico Mistico, Magik, Scarlet Witch, Mahatma Doom, Professor Xu, Monako, and Alice Gulliver.[full citation needed] With the laws of magic fundamentally altered, and with the loss of his former resources, Doctor Strange is forced to depend on his own physical skills and inventive use of his few functional spells. He eventually no longer has access to most of his former spells or his levitating cape.[full citation needed]
During the "Infinity Countdown" storyline, Doctor Strange goes on a space mission. He encounters Super-Skrull who has the Time Gem. After defeating Super-Skrull, Doctor Strange claims the Time Gem. Doctor Strange then tracks down the Mind Gem and finds it in Turk Barrett's possession as Turk managed to evade him. When Black Widow's clone arrives seeking out Doctor Strange where she wants to dispose of the Space Stone, he did not want to take it as he knows what would happen if they are in the same proximity. Using a magic spell, Doctor Strange spoke to the holders of the Infinity Gems and requested a parley to reform the Infinity Watch. He states to Adam Warlock, Black Widow's clone, Captain Marvel, Star-Lord, and Turk Barrett that they need to safeguard them from such calamities even if one of them is Thanos.
Fictional character biography
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April )
Stephen Strange, M.D., Ph.D., is a brilliant but highly egotistical doctor. He was born in Philadelphia and grew up in New York City. After high school, he went to New York College as a pre-med student and entered medical school at Columbia University and completed his residency at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, where his success made him arrogant.
Despite his reputation for being able to handle even the most complicated surgical procedures, Strange is self-centered and greedy, and only treats patients who can afford to pay his extravagant fees. One night, while speeding in his car, a terrible accident shatters the bones in his hands, leading to extensive nerve damage. He soon finds that his fingers tremble uncontrollably, rendering him unable to perform surgery. Too vain to accept a teaching job, Strange desperately searches for a way to fix his hands and subsequently wastes all of his money on expensive, but unsuccessful treatments.
Broke and ostracized from his colleagues, Strange becomes a drifter. He happens to overhear two sailors in a bar discussing a hermit called the Ancient One (who is actually the Earth's Sorcerer Supreme) in the Himalayas, who can heal any ailment. Despite not personally believing in magic, Strange uses the last of his money to track down the aged mystic. The Ancient One refuses to help Strange due to his arrogance, but senses a good side that he attempts to bring to the surface. He fails, but Strange then commits a heroic act when he discovers the Ancient One's disciple, Baron Mordo, attempting to kill his mentor and usurp his power. After a confrontation with Mordo leads to him being shackled with restraining spells preventing him from either attacking Mordo or warning the Ancient One, Strange desperately and selflessly accepts the Ancient One's offer to become his apprentice to have some hope of helping the old man. The Ancient One, pleased at Strange's sincere change of heart, accepts Strange as his new student and promptly frees him from the restraining spells while explaining he was aware of Mordo's treachery all along. Strange soon becomes Mordo's most enduring enemy, as the Ancient One trains the doctor in the mystic arts. After completing his training, Strange returns to New York City and takes up residence within the Sanctum Sanctorum, a townhouse located in Greenwich Village, accompanied by his personal assistant Wong.
As the Ancient One's disciple, Strange encounters the entity Nightmare, and other mystical foes before meeting Dormammu, a warlord from an alternate dimension called the "Dark Dimension" who wishes to conquer Earth. Strange is aided by a nameless girl, later called Clea, who is eventually revealed to be Dormammu's niece. When Strange helps a weakened Dormammu drive off the rampaging Mindless Ones and return them to their prison, he is allowed to leave the Dark Dimension unchallenged.
In The Unbelievable Gwenpool #3, Strange encounters Gwendolyn Poole, who explains herself to be from a reality where all Marvel characters are fictional characters in comic books. As Strange helps her locate her home reality in order to create a fake background for her in the Marvel Universe so that she can get a Social Security number, driver's license and other essential documents, he discovers that Benedict Cumberbatch has been cast to play him in Gwen's universe, remarking that he "could see that".
Powers and abilities
Powers and skills
Doctor Strange is a practicing magician who draws his powers from mystical entities such as Agamotto, Cyttorak, Ikonn, Oshtur, Raggadorr, and Watoomb, who lend their energies for spells. Strange also wields mystical artifacts including the Cloak of Levitation which enables him to fly;[note 1] the Eye of Agamotto, an amulet whose light is used to negate evil magic; the Book of the Vishanti, a grimoire which contains vast knowledge of white magic;:26–27 and the Orb of Agamotto, a crystal ball which is used for clairvoyance.:24–27
In addition to his magical abilities, Strange is trained in several martial arts disciplines, including judo, and has shown proficiency with numerous magically conjured weapons including swords and axes. Strange was a skilled neurosurgeon before nerve damage impaired his hands.
Doctor Strange is described as "the mightiest magician in the cosmos" and "more powerful by far than any of your fellow humanoids" by Eternity, the sentience of the Marvel Universe. He holds the title of Sorcerer Supreme beginning with the storyline in which the Ancient One dies, and retains the title thereafter, except during an interruption from  to  He relinquishes the title once again in a storyline, but reclaims it in a story when he proves himself willing to protect the world even without the title.
Artifacts and technology
Book of the Vishanti
The Book of the Vishanti is portrayed as being written by unknown authors, is closely associated with Doctor Strange, and is the greatest known source of whitemagical knowledge on Earth. The Book of the Vishanti contains spells of defensive magic and is indestructible. Its counterpart, the Darkhold, contains all the knowledge of black magic in the Marvel Universe, and is likewise indestructible. It is possible to destroy single pages of either book, but the balancing spell in the other book is destroyed as well to maintain a mystical balance. A collective of the three powerful magical beings – Agamotto, Oshtur and Hoggoth, known as the Vishanti – must allow the spell to be destroyed.
Even though the book is a tome of benevolent magic, the spells within can still be dangerous when used improperly. This is proven when a young, inexperienced Strange tried to use the Book of the Vishanti to resurrect his dead brother Victor, but the spell, known as the Vampiric Verses, caused Victor to become the vampireBaron Blood years later.
Apart from spells and mystical knowledge, the book also contains information about persons and events. It is unknown how the book is able to contain up to date and recent information even though it was written thousands of years ago.
The first known owner of the book was the Atlantean sorcerer Varnae from around 18, BC. The next known owner was the Babylonian god Marduk Kurios. Marduk set a griffin to guard the Book. The sorcerer known as the Ancient One traveled back in time to c. BC and defeated the griffin and returned to the 20th century. The Ancient One would remain the book's owner, despite a brief loss when the dark wizard Kaluu returned the Book to the Griffin, until he deemed his student, Doctor Strange, worthy of taking it.
Doctor Strange keeps the book in his town house library in New York City's Greenwich Village. He briefly lost the book when he destroyed his home to prevent the alien wizard Urthona from taking his magical artifacts, but the book was saved by Agamotto, who transported it to his realm and returned it to Strange some time later.
Cloak of Levitation
The Cloak of Levitation is depicted as a potent mystical cloak worn by Doctor Strange. The item has been referred to as a "relic" in the live-action movie Doctor Strange (). The primary purpose of the cloak is to give its wearer the ability to levitate and fly.
There were two distinctly different cloaks worn by Doctor Strange bequeathed to him by his mentor, the Ancient One: a billowing, full-length blue cloak, that had minor abilities and spells woven into it, and the later, red cloak that Strange is usually seen wearing. The first appearance of the first (blue) cloak was in Strange Tales # (November ). The first appearance of the second (red) cloak was in Strange Tales # (December ). The Cloak of Levitation is seen in a great many battles where it often plays a very significant role. While it is extremely durable, there are a few occasions when it is damaged. Its repair requires that Strange engage an ally, Enitharmon the Weaver.
Eye of Agamotto
Main article: Eye of Agamotto
Orb of Agamotto
Aside from the Eye of Agamotto, the Orb of Agamotto is the other occult object that Doctor Strange owns. It is a powerful scrying crystal ball powered by the Agamotto entity to detect the use of magic anywhere in the world, providing Strange with a location and visual. It can also be used to monitor the shields that protect the planets created by the three sanctums. If Agamotto is inside the Orb, it becomes Strange's ultimate source of knowledge.
The Orb of Agamotto rests in Doctor Strange's Sanctum Sanctorum in a room called the Chamber of Shadows. It usually is inside a display case with three curved legs. When summoned, the glass covering rises and the ball levitates. While powerful, the Orb has been blocked by exceptionally powerful mystic forces (such as Umar) who do not want their exact location known. On at least one occasion, it has been used to open a dimensional portal to the realm of Agamotto. In the film Thor, the Orb is briefly shown in Odin's Trophy Room in Asgard.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March )
The following are the enemies of Doctor Strange:
Two months before the debut of the sorcerer-hero Doctor Strange, Stan Lee (editor and story-plotter), Robert Bernstein (scripter, under the pseudonym "R. Berns"), and Jack Kirby (artist) introduced a criminal scientist and Ph.D. with the same surname (called "Carl Strange"). Making his sole appearance in the Iron Man story "The Stronghold of Dr. Strange" in Tales of Suspense #41 (), the character gained mental powers in a freak lightning strike.
The character has starred in several alternate universe titles. In the miniseries Marvel #1-#8 (Nov. – June ), Sir Stephen Strange is both the court physician and magician to Queen Elizabeth I. The title Spider-Man introduced a female version of Strange who shares her body with a demon in issue #33 (). The miniseries Strange #1-#6 (Nov, – April ), written by J. Michael Straczynski and Samm Barnes, with artwork by Brandon Peterson, reimagined the character's origin, allies and enemies in a contemporary setting.
In the miniseries Marvel Zombies #1-#5 (Feb.–June ), Strange is infected with a zombie virus along with many other heroes. He reappears in the second sequel, Marvel Zombies 3 #1-#4 (Dec. – March )
In the alternate future universe of the Marvel imprintMC2, Doctor Strange is no longer the Sorcerer Supreme, the title there held by Doc Magnus. Doctor Strange uses his remaining power to reform the superhero team the Defenders in A-Next #3 () and to fight the Norse god of mischief, Loki, Last Hero Standing #4 (Feb. ).
The Ultimate Marvel title Ultimate Marvel Team-Up introduced a version of the character called "Stephen Strange, Jr.", the son of the original Doctor Strange, in Ultimate Marvel Team-Up #12 (July ). The character was killed in battle by the Ultimate Marvel version of Dormammu in the miniseries Ultimatum #1-#5 (Jan.–Sept. ).
Set in the Marvel universe. Sir Stephen Strange, both the court physician of Queen Elizabeth I and a magician, senses that there are unnatural forces at work. He is the replacement in the universe for John Dee and is married to a version of Clea. Here, he cannot use his 'Astral Projection' (which he refers to as a magic mirror) as well as the modern one could, lacking modern materials, and is often physically drained after it is finished, and lacks memory of what he saw in astral form. During this time, he makes indirect contact with Uatu, who warns him about the danger caused by the 'Forerunner's' arrival in the past, but is placed under a compulsion not to speak or act on this knowledge. Eventually, when Elizabeth is dead, he allows himself to be executed for witchcraft and treason so that his head, kept alive by Clea for some time after his execution, can continue to be of help by sharing the information he has gained from Uatu with the other heroes so that they can prevent the destruction of reality.[volume&issueneeded]
Set in the Marvel universe. The Sorceress Supreme of Earth is a young woman who calls herself "Strange". She secretly shares her body with a monstrous demon. She is very inexperienced in her powers and uses them recklessly. In one incident, she causes the death of her brother. Her main opponent is Garokk who wishes to use her past torments and inexperience to gain the title of Sorcerer Supreme for himself.
In a 'reset' timeline where the Maestro has conquered a decimated world, he apparently kept Strange contained in a mystical circle. When Miguel O'Hara emerged into this timeline and released Strange, she claimed that the demon possessing her protected her from major world-shifts, working with Miguel to repair an old time machine of Doctor Doom's so that he could return to and avert this timeline. However, after Miguel's departure, Strange revealed that she was working with the Maestro and was under the control of the demon within her.
Strange later appears on Battleworld as a member of the Defenders 
When Miguel returns to a new variation of the timeline where having superpowers is illegal, he witnesses Strange's demon being banished from her body with Moon Knight using a soul sword.[volume&issueneeded]
Age of X
In the Age of X timeline, Doctor Strange poses as a Mutant-hunter for hire, but is in reality a double agent working with Magneto, who teleports mutants to Fortress X for safety.[volume&issueneeded]
Set in the Amalgam Comics universe, Dr. Strange was combined with Doctor Fate and Charles Xavier into Dr. Strangefate. As the only character aware of the nature of the Amalgam Universe, he was the chief opponent of Access, who was attempting to separate the DC and Marvel Universes. Originally numbered as Earth
In the mini-series Bullet Points, Dr. Strange chooses to work for S.H.I.E.L.D., rather than seek out the Ancient One, in exchange for them restoring his hands. Later he is seen possessing claws similar to Wolverine's.
Set in Howard the Duck's home-world and home dimension. This version of Doctor Strange is Ducktor Strange, an anthropomorphic Duck. In this reality, he is still a Sorcerer (the "Mallard of the Mystic Arts"), but is also a drunken derelict, who seems to live in alleys drinking "sorcerous sauce" (alcohol). He has appeared in Howard the Duck magazine #6 (July ), wherein he sends Howard and Beverly back to Earth; and in She-Hulk, vol. 4, #20 (Sept ), wherein he helps Stu the Intern return to Earth (since Stu's extensive knowledge of Marvel Comics continuity reminded him that he could find the Ducktor and how he could be returned by the Mystic Mallard).[volume&issueneeded]
In She-Hulk (vol. 2) #21, a non-powered counterpart of Dr. Strange from Earth-A comes to Earth (aka Earth-B) and impersonates the Dr. Strange. The impostor is revealed when he can't think of a rhyme for the word "Cyttorak".[volume&issueneeded]
Set in the Earth X universe. Dr. Strange's body is murdered by Clea (this Earth's Sorceress Supreme) under the behest of Loki. His astral form aids Captain Marvel in his journey through Death's Realm as one of the few inhabiting heroes aware of his death.[volume&issueneeded]
An alternative Dr. Strange helped the Exiles briefly. This character was not a mystic, but instead was still a practicing physician who specialized in superhumans. This version of Doctor Strange was killed by an alternative version of Deadpool.
Fantastic Four: The End
In this series, Dr. Strange is now the Ancient One and had a daughter with Clea who is the new Dr. Strange.
Guardians of the Galaxy
In the alternative future of the Guardians of the Galaxy, Dr. Strange assumed the title of the Ancient One (previously held by his mentor) and took on a disciple of his own, a Lem named Krugarr. Strange/the Ancient One was eventually killed by Dormammu, who was defeated by the combined efforts of Krugarr, his disciple Talon, and the Guardians.
In the Marvel Zombies universe, Dr. Strange is one of the last heroes in the alternative "zombie world" to be transformed into a zombie. He was last seen in living form as part of Nick Fury's resistance to defeat the zombified Marvel superheroes in the spinoff Dead Days before he and the rest of the surviving superheroes are later overwhelmed by the zombie Fantastic Four and turned. He participates in the multi-zombie attack on Doctor Doom's castle, in an effort to capture and devour the unaffected Latverian citizens inside. While part of a multi-zombie chase of Ultimate Reed Richards, he vanishes under a rain of cars launched by Magneto. However, he later resurfaces in Marvel Zombies 3 but with limited function as a result of Magneto's wrath. He is part of Kingpin's undead alliance and can only perform two spells, one of which allows viewers to see into other universes which becomes an essential tool to Kingpin's plans. Ultron kills Zombie Dr. Strange.
Set in the MC2 universe. Dr. Strange is retired and the title of Sorcerer Supreme has been passed to the younger Doc Magus.
Set in the Mutant X universe. Dr. Strange was the Man-Thing. The title of Sorcerer Supreme had been taken by Mordo.
Set in the Larval zooniverse, the talking animal version of Doctor Strange is Croctor Strange, an anthropomorphiccrocodile.
Dr. Strange assists Thor in the MAX mini series Thor: Vikings, when zombified, evil Vikings massacre Manhattan by pillaging and killing its citizens. Strange helps Thor locate the descendants of a victim that the Vikings had slain, just after the victim, a village wiseman had placed a curse on the Vikings that caused them to become zombified. With Strange's instruction, the battle-experienced descendants all fight the Vikings with Thor.
Set in the Ultimate Marvel Universe. First appearing in flashbacks, Dr. Stephen Strange married his former student, Clea, and the two of them had a child, Stephen Jr. Strange Sr. later vanished, and Clea decided to raise Stephen Jr. away from magic.[volume&issueneeded]
As a college student, Stephen Jr. was approached by Wong, who told him about his father and took him on as a student. He supports himself as a new-age guru to the rich, powerful and famous, and is seen as a celebrity, appearing on television talk shows. He is known to the public as "Dr. Strange", although he does not hold a medical degree or doctorate. He has bemoaned his lack of knowledge in things mystical and usually, just barely saves the day with one last desperate, untried spell. Starting in Ultimate Spider-Man #, this Doctor Strange is a member of Daredevil's team fighting against the Kingpin, the Ultimate Knights. In Ultimatum, Strange is gruesomely killed by Dormammu when Ultimate Hulk rampages through his house.
The title of "Sorcerer Supreme" was only self-proclaimed by the elder Strange as reported in the comics during a TV news broadcast.[volume&issueneeded]
A Venomized version of Doctor Strange appears in Venomverse, who is responsible for gathering all of the different incarnations of Venom. His Earth was eradicated by the Poisons so he had gathered Venoms from across the multiverse in order to prevent the Poisons from consuming more of them. He is captured by the Poisons and he realises that instead of bringing more Venoms to fight, he had brought the Poisons more Venoms to consume. In the climax he sends all of the surviving Venoms to their universes while the bomb built by Rocket Raccoon explodes. His fate is unknown.
Dr. Strange also exists in several What If?multiverses.
- In "What IfDoctor Strange Had Been Disciple of Dormammu?", Strange has his hands healed by Mordo and does not become a student of the Ancient One. Mordo later converts Strange into a disciple of Dormammu. When Strange is forced into a battle between Dormammu and the Ancient One, he decides in favor of good, and finally becomes a disciple of the Ancient One.
- In "What IfDr. Strange Had Not Become Master of the Mystic Arts?", Dr. Strange never travels to Tibet, and Mordo become the Sorcerer Supreme.
In other media
- Dr. Strange appeared in the Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends animated series episode "7 Little Superheroes", voiced by John Stephenson
- Doctor Strange makes a non-speaking cameo appearance in the s X-Men animated series episode "The Dark Phoenix Saga (Part 3)". He senses Jean Grey's transformation into the Phoenix.
- Doctor Strange appears in a self-titled episode of Spider-Man: The Animated Series, voiced by John Vernon. Involved in a car accident, the embittered Stephen Strange sought healing from the Ancient One, ultimately saving his life from Mordo and becoming a sorcerer. He aided Spider-Man in freeing Mary Jane Watson from Mordo's mind control as he tried to free Dormammu from the Dark Dimension.
- Doctor Strange appeared in The Incredible Hulk animated series episode "Mind Over Anti-Matter", voiced by Maurice LaMarche. He joined She-Hulk in freeing Bruce Banner from an entity that had turned him into a dark version of the Hulk.
- Doctor Strange appears in The Super Hero Squad Show animated series, voiced by Roger Rose. He first appears in the episode "Enter: Dormammu!", when a powerful fractal gets stuck inside the Eye of Agammoto, causing him to act irrationally. In other episodes, he is seen taking in the Super Hero Squad for a night at he Sanctum Sanctorum and fighting the Enchantress, and aiding Chthon to recover his dimension from Doctor Doom.
- Doctor Strange appears in the Disney XD Marvel animated shows Ultimate Spider-Man, Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H., and Avengers Assemble, voiced initially by Jack Coleman, and later by Liam O'Brien.
- Doctor Strange appeared in the anime series Marvel Disk Wars: The Avengers, voiced by Yasunori Masutani in Japanese.
- Doctor Strange appears in the animated special Lego Marvel Super Heroes - Black Panther: Trouble in Wakanda, voiced again by Liam O'Brien.
- Doctor Strange appeared in the anime series Marvel Future Avengers episode "Out of Time", voiced again by Yasunori Masutani in Japanese and Liam O'Brien in English.
- Doctor Strange appears in the Spider-Man animated series episode "Amazing Friends", voiced again by Liam O'Brien
Marvel Cinematic Universe
See also: Stephen Strange (Marvel Cinematic Universe)
Benedict Cumberbatch portrays and voices Dr. Stephen Strange in films and television series set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. In the MCU, Dr. Strange is a successful wealthy neurosurgeon who becomes severely injured following a car accident leading him to travel the world for answers to fix his injuries. He is first mentioned in the film Captain America: The Winter Soldier by Jasper Sitwell as one of the world's most dangerous scientists and makes his live-action debut in the film Doctor Strange written by Jon Spaihts, Scott Derrickson, and C. Robert Cargill and directed by Scott Derrickson and is set to return in upcoming films Spider-Man: No Way Home () written by Chris McKenna and Erik Sommersand and directed by Jon Watts and inDoctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness () written by Jade Bartlett and Michael Waldron and directed by Sam Raimi.
- Doctor Strange appears as a non-player character in The Amazing Spider-Man vs. The Kingpin for the Sega Master System and Sega Game Gear. This version serves as Spider-Man's advisor.
- Doctor Strange appears as a playable character in Marvel: Ultimate Alliance, voiced by James Horan.
- Doctor Strange appears in Hsien-Ko's ending in Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds. He later appears as a playable character in the updated version, Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3, voiced by Rick Pasqualone.
- Doctor Strange appears as a playable character in Marvel Super Hero Squad Online, voiced by Charlie Adler.
- Doctor Strange appears as a playable character in the Facebook game Marvel: Avengers Alliance.
- Doctor Strange appears as a playable character in the fighting gameMarvel Avengers: Battle for Earth, voiced by Chris Cox.
- Doctor Strange appears as a playable character in Marvel Heroes, voiced by Nick Jameson.
- Doctor Strange appears as a playable character in Lego Marvel Super Heroes, voiced again by James Horan.
- Doctor Strange appears as a playable character in Marvel Contest of Champions for iOS and Android.
- Doctor Strange appears as a playable character in Lego Marvel's Avengers, voiced by Wally Wingert while Jack Coleman voices the version that appears in the "All-New, All-Different Doctor Strange" DLC.
- Doctor Strange is a playable character in the iOS and Android game Marvel Future Fight.
- Two versions of Doctor Strange, "Stephen Strange" and the "Sorcerer Supreme", appear as playable characters in the match-three mobile game Marvel Puzzle Quest.
- Doctor Strange appears as a playable character in Marvel vs. Capcom: Infinite, voiced again by Liam O'Brien.
- Doctor Strange appears as a playable character in Marvel Powers United VR, voiced again by Liam O'Brien.
In , Doctor Strange was ranked 83rd in Wizard's " Greatest Comic Book Characters of All Time" list, and in was ranked 33rd in IGN's list of "The Top 50 Avengers". He was also ranked 38th on IGN's list of "Top Comic Book Heroes".
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Writer Roy Thomas and penciller Andre Coates created this new series that ran until
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Scribes J. Michael Straczynski and Samm Barnes, with artist Brandon Peterson, retold Dr. Strange's mystical origin for a new generation of fans in this six-issue limited series.
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Dr. Strange's archenemy, Baron Mordo, was introduced in Strange Tales #
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Clea, Dr. Strange's longtime girlfriend from the Dark Dimension, debuted in Strange Tales #
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- "I AM OZ!!! The Great and Terrible, who are you and why do you seek me? "
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz ()
- "The Great Oz has spoken! "
The Wizard of Oz ()
Wizard of Oz (character)
|Title||Wizard of Oz|
|Residence||Emerald City, Land of Oz|
|Occupation||Glinda's Apprentice |
King of Oz (former)
Counsellor of the Princess Ozma
|Affiliation||Land of Oz|
|First Appearance||The Wonderful Wizard of Oz|
Oscar Diggs, (aka the Wizard of Oz, Wizard, Oz) is a fictional character invented by L. Frank Baum, author and creator of the Oz legacy. Oscar is first introduced in Baum's first Oz book titled The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, published in However, despite the book being named after his title of position as the self proclaimed "Wizard", Oscar is not the focal point character. He is not brought into the plot until halfway through the novel when he meets the child protagonist and heroine of the story named Dorothy Gale.
Oscar of Oz
- "The only one who might know would be the Great and Wonderful Wizard of Oz himself. Oz is very good, but very mysterious. He lives in the EmeraldCity and that's a long journey from here, did you bring your Broomstick? "
Glinda the Good ()
When a little farm girl named Dorothy Gale and her pet dog Toto are swept away by a Kansascyclone and unexpectedly transported to the magical Land of Oz, she is desperate to find a way home again. The only one powerful enough to truly help Dorothy is the mysterious and reclusive dominant ruler of Oz known as the great Wizard. The girl and her dog are then forced to embark on a remarkable journey filled with many adventures as they travel throughout Oz to seek him. However, no one knows that this Wizard has a shocking secret to protect! And to do so he will send Dorothy to prove herself worthy of his assistance; to successfully eliminate Oz's most dreaded baddie--the Wicked Witch of the West, or die trying.
- "For they saw, standing in just the spot the screen had hidden, a little old man, with a bald head and a wrinkled face, who seemed to be as much surprised as they were"
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz ()
The iconic character of the Wizard can appear to be a rather controversial one. At times the Wizard seems charming, genuine and caring, yet at others Oz's true intentions can seem rather questionable to the point of looking quite sociopathic. Overall, Oscar is a cornfed, dried-up, old man who remains a fun loving country boy at heart. His wrinkled face is cheerful and his eyes glimmer with innocence and adorable humor. He is described as being completely bald and always appears clean shaven in the face.
Although once a con-man and liar who was feared by all in Oz, underneath it all Oscar is very human and kind with a naturally majestic and inventive persona. Before coming to the magical Land of Oz in his hot air balloon, he lived in a Circus Carnival and traveled all around the countries in America duping people left and right and practicing the magic tricks that made him a great Magician. In his later years, he was known as a greatly gifted illusionist and also a skilled Ventriloquist, able to imitate any bird, beast or human (male or female). In Baum's later Oz books, he proves himself quite a creative inventor of sorts, providing devices that aid in the various characters’ fantastical journeys. He also introduces to the Ozians the use and value of money, and in Baum's eighth Oz book titled Tik-Tok of Oz, published in , the use of Mobile Phones.
Some of Oscar's most elaborate devices are life size realistic Marionette dolls of beautiful women dressed elegantly in fancy dresses. Or even life size replicas of fierce and ferocious beast, levitating fire balls that hang from fireproof strings and most notably the giant green Marionette head that is held by invisible wires over an emerald studded throne within the Royal Palace of Oz. Oscar is a very clever and intelligent man. Being a certified artistic master of illlusions, because of his long experience in the craft there is almost nothing he cannot do. When he arrived in Oz he used his incredible skill in magic to fool literally thousands of people and also the witches who lived and ruled in various parts of Oz, making them think he too was very powerful, almost omnipotent, thus protecting themselves from any threat. The Magician eventually also became a master of real magic, when he finally returned to Oz and went to live in the Emerald City permanently under the reign of Princess Ozma. Glinda the Good Witch of the South, then took him under her wing to teach him real magic, so he could finally cast spells that were not of false or phony magic.
- Princess Ozma, Dorothy Gale and many others in Oz saw that Oscar wasn't such a bad man after all, just a very bad Wizard with good intentions despite all the corruption and confusion he caused while being in charge.
Oz: the Great Shapeshifter
- " I thought Oz was a great green Head," said Dorothy. "And I thought Oz was a lovely Fairy," said the Scarecrow. "And I thought Oz was a monstrous Beast," said the Tin Woodman. "And I thought Oz was a big ball of fire," exclaimed the Lion. "No, you are all wrong," said the little old man meekly. "I have been making believe." "MAKING BELIEVE!" cried Dorothy. "Are you not a real Wizard? "
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz ()
- In Baum's original novel, Oz not only appears as a gigantic green head levitating above a jeweled throne, but also as several other mystical beings as well. In the book, Oz only allows Dorothy and her friends to speak with him one at a time and each on separate days. Oz meets with Dorothy first and appears to the girl and her dog as a green head. To the Scarecrow, Oz appears as an elegant enchantress with wings and dressed in fine robes. To the Tin Woodman, Oz takes the shape of a frightening beast with horns. And to the the Cowardly Lion, Oz has no physical form at all, but is a fierce ball of flaming fire brightly burning in mid air. Despite his different appearances Oz tells Dorothy and her three friends all the same thing: if they want their wishes granted they must first kill the Wicked Witch of the West. In the movie however, the Wizard speaks to Dorothy and her friends all at once, on the same day and tells them to bring back the Broomstick of the Wicked Witch.
- In some versions the Wizard demands Dorothy and her friends to bring back the Wicked Witches one working magic eye instead of her broomstick.
- In the book, Oz would later explain to Dorothy and her friends that these illusions were possible by dummies and other special effect props.
Oz History: How Oscar Became A Wizard
- " Oh no my dear, I am a very good man, just a very bad Wizard"
The Wizard ()
Oscar Zoroaster Phadrig Isaac Norman Henkel Emmannuel Ambroise Diggs was born in Omaha, the son of a politician. He went to work as a ventriloquist for Bailum & Barney's Great Consolidated Shows, going up in a hot air balloon to draw crowds to the circus, using only his first two initials (since the rest spell "pinhead"). One day his ropes got twisted and the balloon escaped. Two days later it settled in the Land of Oz. The people, seeing that this man had descended from the clouds, were easily impressed and greeted him as a wizard. (The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz)
When the Wizard arrived in Oz, he became power hungry and stole the throne from the rightful king, Pastoria, and hid away the king's only daughter Ozma with the old witch Mombi, whom he visited three times prior, so there would be no heir to the throne. (The Marvelous Land of Oz) He then set the people to work, building the Emerald City and the Royal Palace of Oz. He announced himself ruler of the entire Land of Oz, uniting the Munchkins, Gillikins, Quadlings, and Winkies. He lived in fear of the four witches who ruled each quadrant of Oz, so he shut himself away and depended upon his reputation as a powerful wizard to protect him. He was highly venerated by his subjects and known as "The Great Oz" or "Oz the Terrible". It was commonly thought that he was all-powerful, although all acknowledged that he was reclusive and never seen, even by the servants who waited upon him.
Believing him to be the only one capable of solving their problems, Dorothy Gale and her friends traveled to the Emerald City to ask for his help. The Wizard was very reluctant to meet them, but eventually they were each granted an audience, one at a time. The Wizard appeared to Dorothy as a giant head, to the Scarecrow as a beautiful fairy, to the Tin Woodman as a terrible beast, and to the Cowardly Lion as ball of fire. The Wizard promised to grant each of their requests if they killed the Wicked Witch of the West.
When they succeeded in this task, they returned to the Emerald City to collect their rewards. There, they discovered that Oz was a humbug who had used a lot of elaborate magic tricks and props to make himself seem "great and powerful."
Pressed by Dorothy's companions, the humbug Wizard gave them each what they wanted. The Wizard, tired of being a humbug and having to hide away from his subjects, planned to grant Dorothy's request by escaping Oz with her in a hot air balloon. He appointed the Scarecrow to rule in his absence, but when the time came the Wizard and his balloon floated away, accidently leaving Dorothy behind. (The Wonderful Wizard of Oz) He returned to the circus, but during another ascension came down in a crack in the earth caused by an earthquake. He eventually landed in the Land of the Mangaboos where he was reunited with Dorothy Gale and met her cousin, Zeb Hugson. After demonstrating his power by producing Nine Tiny Piglets, the Wizard was challenged by Gwig, the local sorcerer, and Oz sliced the Mangaboo in half. The Mangaboos forced the companions to leave their country, so the travelers journeyed through the Valley of Voe, the Land of Naught, and a den of Dragonettes before reaching a dead end. From there, Dorothy signalled Ozma, who transported the entire party to the Emerald City. The Wizard took up residence in his old rooms behind the throne room, and Ozma invited the little old man to remain in Oz permanently. (Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz) When Glinda learned that the Wizard was to become a permanent resident of the Emerald City, she began to teach him magic so that he would not remain a humbug. (The Emerald City of Oz)
Ozma decrees that, besides herself, only The Wizard and Glinda are allowed to use magic unless if the other magic users have a permit.
The Wicked Years
The Wizard's part in the kidnapping of Ozma in The Marvelous Land of Oz did not please the readers, and in Ozma of Oz, although the character did not appear, Baum described Ozma's abduction without including the Wizard as part of it.
In Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, When Ozma rescued the adventurers from the underground kingdoms, the Wizard recounted his story of becoming the ruler of Oz, and Ozma explained that before the witches usurped her grandfather's throne (an occurance happening long before the wizard arrived), the ruler of Oz had always been known as Oz or (if female) Ozma. Ozma decreed that, besides herself, only TheWizard and Glinda are allowed to use magic.
In Magic Land, the Wizard in named James Goodwin. In this version, he hails from Kansas like Ellie (Dorothy), not Omaha. He is seen briefly in Kansas at the end of the first book. In the second book, the heroes attempt to recruit him to help the Magic Land, but he states he had enough of magic. He never appears later.
In The Great Wishy Woz he is the title character.
L. Frank Baum may have based the character of the Wizard on Harry Keller. Bald and clean-shaven, Keller was "America's leading magician when Baum's book was written" and, in the judgement of one writer, "almost certainly the inspiration" for Baum's character.
In The Annotated Wizard of Oz, Michael Patrick Hearn suggests that Baum may have derived elements of the character and backstory of the Wizard from Washington Harrison Donaldson, a balloonist, ventriloquist and stage magician who worked for P. T. Barnum. On July 15, , Donaldson made an ascent near Chicago and disappeared in a storm; neither he nor his balloon was ever seen again. Baum’s Wizard meets a better fate than Donaldson presumably did.
The Wizard of Oz ( movie)
In the movie The Wizard of Oz, the Wizard's character is similar to that the one found in the earlier books: a bumbling "humbug". He was played by actor Frank Morgan. The same actor also played several other roles in the movie; including Professor Marvel, the mysterious traveling fortune teller that Dorothy meets in Kansas, the Guard at the Emerald City, the Guard at the Gates to Oz's Castle and the Coachman whose carriage is pulled by a "Horse of a Different Color". His face was also presumably used as the projected image of the Wizard.
It is unclarified if the Gatekeeper of Oz, the Guard and the Coachman are the same character as the Wizard of Oz himself, dressed differently because he finds more safe to do everything in his house without trusting in anybody to do "his" work, but not wanting the people of Oz (and Dorothy) to know how he really looks like.
"If it's alive, kill it. If it's dead, burry it."
—The Wizard to Eammon
Born as Frank Morgan, The Wizard is a ruler of Oz, seated in the Emerald City. He uses mechanical flying monkeys to gather footage and information.
Having noticed 'The First True Sign', that isDorothy's arrival in a tornado, he dispatchesEammonto find whatever tore through the sky and get rid of it.
According toGlinda's words, he saved Oz when magic could not. He also sealed the Sacred Temple of theCardinal Witchesand banned magic in Oz.
André De Shields portrayed the role of the Wizard in The Wiz, the hit musical. In this version Oz was a unsuccessful salesman who sold rarely anything. One day while traveling in his hot air balloon a storm came up and blew him away to Oz where he landed in the middle of a ladies social.
What You Need to Put More
"Character" Into Your Art
Character Art and Drawing
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Whatever the medium, characters provide a focal point for your audience to relate to. From fanart to games, comics and cartoons, dynamic characters bring visual interest and emotional hooks to your work.
Clip Studio Paint’s pen and brush drawing tools make it easy and natural to bring your characters to life, and 3D figures provide fully poseable reference points to work from directly on your canvas.
Designed for drawing
We created Clip Studio Paint with artists in mind. Traditional artists and digital art natives alike will love the natural drawing feel of our proprietary brush engine.
Perfect lines every time
Clip Studio Paint's sophisticated brush engine recognizes levels of pen pressure. Put digital pen to digital paper and draw exactly how you want - every line, every detail.
Let the stabilizer feature automatically correct minor wiggles or mistakes in lines, adjust the pen pressure sensitivity to your liking, or use vector layers for greater control of your lines.
The materials you need
Clip Studio ASSETS puts tens of thousands of brushes and materials at your fingertips. Or, make your own drawing tools with Clip Studio's deeply customizable brush engine and user interface. Create your own signature style, whether watercolor, oil, or anime-style coloring.
Color your world with ease
Color palettes for every situation, smart fill tools, an eyedropper that lets you grab colors from outside of the canvas Clip Studio Paint is bursting with features to make coloring easy, fun, and fluid.
Fill without fear
Clip Studio Paint's sophisticated fill tool lets you color your canvas with confidence. Easily fill areas without leaving gaps, even where there are broken lines, and color while referencing line art on other layers. You can also create easy, eye-catching gradients with just a click.
Details made easy
Use decoration brushes to replicate complex patterns like shoelaces, necklace chains, and other accessories with a single stroke. Or, create city skylines, cobblestone, tiles, and entire backgrounds by simply dragging your brush until you're satisfied!
Great characters need great backgrounds! Import your photos to Clip Studio Paint and turn real-world backdrops into line art with just a few clicks. Draw over imported 3D objects for quick and easy details and trinkets that add visual interest to your backgrounds!
Work more comfortably with a pen tablet
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The number of people starting to create digital works with Clip Studio Paint on all sorts of devices keeps growing. Get creative with the rest of the Clip Studio Paint community!
What Artists Are Saying About Clip Studio
Mirka AndolfoComic Artist
The speed of execution is important to me, and I always have to maintain good quality even when there is no time. Clip Studio Paint is perfect for my purposes: intuitive and simple. The brushes (even the basic ones) are the best I've ever used in a digital drawing app. My favorite is the Textured Pen, which I use a lot for inking since it leaves a slight "texture" in the stroke that makes the line softer. I also often use the integrated "Decoration" tools and they are very useful to easily draw details when the deadlines are particularly difficult.
Sam NassourVisual Development Artist
The process of creating complex artwork has been made much easier with the help of Clip Studio Paint's fantastic capabilities. I like how customizable the software is, all shortcuts and modifier keys can be set to different functions easily. And when I'm painting, I like the way colors blend together by using the Mix function in the brush customization menu. I also love using the inking brushes for my line work. They have a very natural feel and a high response to pressure sensitivity; going from thick to thin lines in one smooth stroke is quite easy, especially when using the Stabilization slider that allows you to slow down the brush stroke for more precision. I often keep the color wheel palette on top of the canvas so I can quickly choose the right colors. I also use other advanced color palette like the approximate color and intermediate color palette. Both really help choosing colors in different lighting situations.
Derrick ChewConcept Artist
Clip Studio Paint is a versatile digital painting program that is ideal for rendering and inking with its many useful and unique features. It is easy to learn and has many tools and custom brushes that allow you to paint and render any type of illustrations you want. It even include 3D models of characters, items and backgrounds that you could pose and angle to further help as a visual reference, super neat function! Its competitive price point also makes it more affordable and accessible to everyone.
Clip Studio Paint is one of the main tools I use for work. The Fill and Auto Select features are amazing for painting, and I also like that I can transform selections on multiple layers. Even when making something in Photoshop, I sometimes switch to Clip Studio Paint just for that feature.
I love Clip Studio Paint for its versatility, enormous bank of resources, and ease of use. When making art I'm most interested in minimizing the amount of time between an idea popping into my mind and sitting down to turn that idea into reality. Clip Studio Paint has a clean interface that allows me to immediately jump into the act of drawing and experiment with a variety of brushes and tools to bring my imagination to life.
In this speed painting, Street Fighter character designer "Akiman" uses Clip Studio Paint to draw iconic video game fighter Chun‑Li.
Gui Guimaraes, Concept Artist
Gui Guimaraes is a concept artist and has worked on projects such as Just Cause 3, Call of Champions and Saints Row 4. He shares his process to create a character in his Cyber Candy Girls series using Clip Studio Paint in Artstation Magazine.
Redjuice is a Japanese illustrator and character designer, known for his work on Guilty Crown and Beatless.
kiD Chan, Artist
kiDChan/Cyanparade is an artist based in Malaysia.
Her style is highly influenced by contemporary Japanese art and modern design elements blended with early 20th-century illustration and Art Nouveau.
1. Drawing Basics
Draw the lines you imagine by optimizing the pressure of your favorite pens and brushes! Clip Studio Paint offers tons of handy features to support your creativity.
Set the pen pressure with the wizard
Set up your pen pressure settings with a few test strokes, and recreate the natural, high quality lines of pen and paper. Even if it feels off, you can always change and tweak the settings to your liking.
Discover your new favorite tools
Clip Studio Assets offers pens, markers, brushes and more to cover all you need for your creations. Each brush can be further adjusted to match your style and techniques.
Draw exactly as you imagine
Drawing clean lines is hard, but you can make it easier with stabilization and correction features. Suppressing shaky and wavering lines, or even tapering the beginning and end of brushstrokes, Clip Studio Paint’s lines eliminate the inorganic look of digital drawing.
Fix vector lines when and how you want
Draw vector lines easily and change their thickness and shape at any time. Erase individual lines, delete parts up to where lines intersect, and make adjustments, without deteriorating the quality.
Compare ideas with thumbnail sketches
Create thumbnail sketches by simply dragging a panel onto the canvas and dividing it into smaller panels evenly to conveniently sketch design variations.
Improve your composition with 3D references
Set poses for difficult angles and adjust the body proportions for your characters to create stunning and unique arrangements.
AI posing from photographs
Simply scan photographs and let Clip Studio Paint automatically pose your 3D drawing figures to match them by using our AI-based deep learning algorithms.
View 3D materials from all angles at once
When placing a 3D material, you can view from four angles simultaneously. You can also change the position of the camera and the focal point on the 3D layer. When you change the camera position from the All sides view palette, the model also adjusts on the canvas.
Rule your path to new perspectives
Draw freehand along perspective rulers to create believable depth for buildings, rooms and other environments. Create intricate patterns with the symmetric ruler or draw cylindrical objects with the concentric circle ruler.
Extract lines and fills from photos and 3D data
Save time for your creation by extracting line art from photos and 3D data to smoothly integrate background into your illustration.
Convert photos into paintings
Apply artistic filters to photos of buildings and landscapes to convert them into images that mimic traditional paintings. With EX, you can extract 3D assets and images into separate line and tone layers.
Clip Studio Paint offers tools for all imaginable painting styles and tastes, giving you the freedom to explore your potential.
Brushes for every taste
The choice of brush is yours! Delve into the nearly endless selection of brushes and pens for oil paint, watercolors, pastels, ink, and more on Clip Studio Assets. Get inventive and import Photoshop dual brushes (ABR), as well as two types of brush strokes in dual brushes.
Creative color combinations
Color palettes for approximate colors, intermediate colors, and your color history allow for a quick selection and application. Compose exciting color variations and add new swatches with the eyedropper tool by picking up new colors from inside and outside of the workspace.
Complex tile-able patterns and instant decorations
Draw repeating textures such as chains, accessories, textile patterns, and flowers with a single stroke. Multiple images can be applied to a single brush and reflected randomly for a natural result.
Quicker coloring with smart fill tools
Clip Studio Paint’s fill tools are smart enough to fill spaces without spillover, even if there are gaps in the lines. Drag to fill multiple spaces consecutively or fill missed spots with ease.
Quick and efficient selection
Use quick masks to easily and precisely create selection areas and masks with the pen and eraser tools.
Coloring with AI support
Find inspiration through AI-created coloring to test base colors and experiment with color variation by using color hints.
Complex gradients made simple
Efficiently create gradients with multiple dedicated tools. Create your basic gradient with the Gradient tool, control the shape of your gradients with the Contour line paint tool, or apply colors based on values with gradient maps.
3. Finishing & Editing
Add different textures and effects to test variations with Clip Studio Paint’s non-destructive adjustment layers, filters, and image textures.
Impressive layer effects
Apply textures, outlines, and watercolor effects to layers, or convert colors into screentones without losing the content of the original layer.
Experiment endlessly with tonal correction layers
Use tonal correction layers to add finishing touches. Leaving the original layer untouched, you can adjust brightness, contrast, hue, saturation and luminosity, or apply posterization, level correction, tone curve, color balance, and more.
Boost image quality with filters
Apply effects to images such as blur, sharpening, clouds, and mosaic with filters.
Get expressive with blending modes
Use blending modes on your layers to add a variety of interesting effects to your image. Select from 29 blending modes to create a variety of effects, like colorful shadows and stunning highlights.
Smart Smoothing to improve image resolution
Resample images and erase jpeg noise to reuse your past work in a larger format for prints and high resolutions screens.
4. Publish your work
Share your finished art piece and reach a new audience via print, social media or other online services.
Supports CMYK color for printing
Clip Studio Paint supports import/export of both RGB screen colors and CMYK data used for printing. Colors displayed in your workspace are even closer to the real printed hues!
For your art books and fanzines
Manage multi-page works as one file and add pages where needed. Check your layout and page arrangements with the 3D preview, then output to data that can be submitted to print.
Export to your desired format
Clip Studio Paint supports Kindle and EPUB e-book formats for commercial e-books production, including self-publishing.
Share your work
Portfolios, art books and print collections can be easily published on websites and social media, making your work more accessible to your audience.
5. Elevate your comfort and efficiency
Speed up your workflow and create the best art you can with the help of Clip Studio Paint.
Freely customizable interface
Adjust any UI element and settings option to optimize your workflow, be it shortcuts, units, UI color, palettes, or tool layouts.
Manage and save your favorite workspace
Create and share your favorite workspaces through Clip Studio Assets and download workspaces used by professional creators.
Quickly access frequently used tools
Register often used items such as menus, auto actions, tools, and drawing colors in a personalized palette, and access your favorite tools with a single click to optimize your workflow.
Seamless integration with other software
Load, edit, and save PSD and PSB data while maintaining the original layer structure, as well as import your favorite Photoshop brushes (ABR). Make the most of the natural drawing feel of Clip Studio Paint, then switch between other software whenever you want.
Your complete portable workstation
The iPad, iPhone, Galaxy, Android, and Chromebook versions of Clip Studio Paint offer all the features available on the desktop version and pair smoothly with the Galaxy S Pen and Apple Pencil. Take your digital workstation outside and find new inspiration.
Optimized for high resolution displays and touch-gestures
Convenient touch features make working on the iPad and on Windows devices easy. Adjust the UI settings and use the native resolution of Apple's Retina displays.
Improve group work with shared files
With the multi-page management function, multiple creators can share and work on a single file simultaneously, to oversee progress without the worry of conflicting files.
Save and access your data anywhere
Save your work and settings directly into the cloud. Software settings can be restored manually if needed, and synchronizing your desktop, tablet and smartphone data is as easy as ever, so you can take your virtual workspace wherever you go.
EX *The functions with this icon are premium and only available in Clip Studio Paint EX.
Single-page illustrations & comics
Multi-page comics/manga & illustrations
Up to 24 frames for gifs or short animations
Unlimited frames for professional animation
Natural, customizable pen and brush tools
More than 10, free downloadable brushes and materials
3D models and drawing figures
RGB and CMYK compatible
For macOS and Windows
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Convert images and 3D models into lines and dot shading
Free technical support
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Art wizard character
Play asset packInsect Wizards itch.io page
Ranked from 4 ratings. Score is adjusted from raw score by the median number of ratings per game in the jam.
Judge feedback is anonymous and shown in a random order.
A good start in your character development, but please don’t ever feel you don’t improve. Each character you learn something and grow as an artist. Just keep practising!
good to see that you put a lot of thought into the characters purpose + why they look how they do. final shots are very difficult to see, just a bit too dark. the poses are good though. topology is pretty good, couldve been a bit higher poly i think! would've liked to see you talk about the images you included in your essay rather than have to access them separately.
Hi Elmo, nice job finishing for the deadline. I don't have too much to say about the character, you seem to already be aware of your weaknesses and where you need to spend time improving. I do have some general feedback though. Presentation - The lighting is far too dark, and it's hard to make out what you did on your character since so much is hidden in shadow. Concept - I recommend focusing your time on modelling, anatomy, texturing, etc, over concepting or designing a character. There are many very talented artists out there that you can use as a concept to model from, and their concepts will be much stronger as a base, which will improve your work. Most characters you will create in the industry will be designed by a concept artist, so learning how to take a concept and translate it into 3D is a good skill to show off. Don't be so focused on making a cool character design or story, focus on executing the 3D work to the highest level possible. Once you master sculpting and the character workflow to an industry standard level, then I would recommend pursuing that passion again and create your stories and worlds; I'm sure at that time you'll be in a much better position to realize them to a fuller extent. Materials - Overall, the character is pretty flat. Adding armor, clothes, shells from different bugs he killed, etc, would help provide material breakup and color differences. I would also analyze the material of the reference bugs you have on Pinterest and try and get the same properties as they have - the right level of shininess, iridescent coloring, and patterning. Going Forward - Based on your summary, I recommend focusing your time learning human anatomy. Find a concept online that has a variety of elements you can focus on - anatomy, materials/texturing, and a bit of complexity (nothing too crazy complicated though), and do that concept. Look at other top artists work that is in a similar style, and match or exceed their quality. Find what works in their work, and translate it to your own to learn from. Best of luck on your next project!
I'm coming. Slowly. The sound is already near. That's the car.
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- Drawing female figure
Pulling on the belt, the slave forced her to her feet and held out a towel. After making sure that the old woman dried herself well, the man, pulling on the belt, led her into the room. When the elderly woman entered the room, she was forced to kneel with her back to the chair in which the slave was sitting.