27 television flat screen

27 television flat screen DEFAULT

Smallest smart TVs in

The smallest smart TVs offer big functionality in sizes as small as 43, 40, 32 and 24 inches, packing full-sized smart capabilities into more manageable sizes. Whether it's a second TV, a primary TV for a small apartment or dorm room, or just an inexpensive TV for the kids, you can get these smaller size TVs with all of the features their larger siblings offer, with full HD or even 4K resolution offered in these compact sizes.

These small smart TVs are perfect for dorm rooms, bedrooms and studio apartments. Based on our guide What size TV should you buy?, you should sit about feet or closer when watching a 4K TV in these sizes. Be aware that the smallest of these small TVs tend to lack 4K resolution, but they’re still very sharp in HD, and still offer all of the streaming and connected capabilities of higher-resolution models.

Don’t expect to find all the features and premium touches that are included in larger TVs — as you get smaller, so do your choices. Not everything will have 4K resolution, and port selection may be limited. But one way the large TVs can’t compare is price: these small TVs can be found for very little money.

What are the best small smart TVs?

We test some small smart TVs specifically, but more often focus on the and inch versions that have the same features and performance. When a manufacturer makes a great or inch TV, we expect the smaller model will be just as good, so we've based some of our picks on our experience with the larger versions. In other cases, we haven’t tested the specific models but rely on our experience with similar TVs from these brands to make our assessments. 

The best small smart TV is also the best inch TV: The TCL 4 Series. It has Roku’s excellent operating system, which gives you almost every app you want and is super easy to use. Along with its very good picture, it’s a great TV for gaming thanks to low lag time — which means you can play fast games without the TV becoming a hindrance. 

We also really like the Sony Bravia XH. It's a little more expensive than many of the models on this list, but as Sony's smallest and most affordable Android TV, it offers a rich collection features and solid picture quality and sound for the money.

For a surefire sales win, keep an eye out for the Toshiba C Fire TV, which gets steep discounts anytime Amazon or Best Buy have a sales event. It's a pretty great budget TV even without a discount, offering a 4K display, Amazon-powered smart functions and surprisingly great gaming performance.

The best small smart TVs in

1. TCL 4-Series Roku TV 43S

Best value inch TV


Screen size: 43 inches

Screen type: LCD

Refresh rate: 60Hz

HDMI ports: 3 HDMI (1 ARC)

Size: x x inches

Weight: pounds

Reasons to buy

+Excellent value-priced 4K+Good color fidelity+Solid Roku skills

Reasons to avoid

-No Dolby Vision support-Minimal sound adjustments-Picture adjustments are difficult to find

The TCL 4-Series demonstrates that 4K is mainstream now, with respectable picture quality and the very convenient Roku TV smart interface. This 4K TV oftens sells for less than you’ll find bargain p TVs. It has good color accuracy and supports HDR10 — but not Dolby Vision — for improved contrast. It uses Roku’s system software, which provides one of the best smart TV experiences available and has plenty of apps to choose from. With a low lag time of milliseconds, this set also will handle fast-paced gaming well. 

In exchange for the great price, the TCL 4 Series is missing a few features that more expensive TVs deliver. It lacks local dimming, so the HDR performance isn’t as good as it could be. It also has weak speakers, with little bass and limited power. If this is going to be your main TV, consider adding a soundbar to overcome the sound issues. 

Read our full TCL 4-Series Roku TV (S) review.

2. Sony XBRXH

Feature rich inch TV


Screen size: 43 inches

Screen type: LCD

Refresh rate: 60Hz

HDMI ports: 4 (1 ARC)

Size: x x inches

Weight: pounds

Reasons to buy

+Bright and sharp picture+Wide viewing angles+Dolby Vision and Dolby Atmos

Reasons to avoid

-Clunky remote-Average color accuracy

The bright and sharp picture of the Sony Bravia XH, along with its robust Android TV smart OS, make it one of the best midsized TVs — if you don’t mind the price. The 4K TV includes HDR10 and also handles Dolby Vision for a vivid picture. It can also play Dolby Atmos for better sound — something few small TVs do at this point, but also something you’ll want in the future. The TV features Android TV as its smart platform, and you can stream wirelessly from your mobile device via Chromecast or Apple AirPlay 2. It has four HDMI ports, where most inch TVs have three. 

In addition to those extras, the XH is very bright and its low lag time makes it a good set for gamers. But the inch version of the XH doesn’t share all the goodies that come in the larger models in this line. For example, it uses edge backlighting instead of direct backlighting. As a result, its contrast isn’t as dark as we’d like. 

Read our full Sony Bravia XH review.

3. Toshiba C Fire TV ( model)

A killer Amazon Fire TV


Screen Type: LCD

Refresh Rate: 60 Hz

HDR support: Dolby Vision, HDR10

HDMI ports: 4 HDMI (1 ARC)

Size: x x inches

Weight: pounds

Reasons to buy

+Responsive Fire TV+Good color in standard mode+Low lag time

Reasons to avoid

-Flat HDR-Inconsistent backlighting

The Toshiba C Fire TV is the addition to the small family of Amazon-powered smart TVs, offering good features and decent performance for its extremely affordable price. It's a decent example of the Fire TV template, combining good-enough 4K picture quality, impressively short lag times, and Amazon's great Fire TV smart features, like built-in Alexa voice control, a pretty big app store and (of course) an interface that puts Amazon's Prime Video service front and center. With even the largest inch model selling for less than $ (and likely much less during sales events), it's one of the smartest affordable TVs you can get.

The C doesn’t come with the latest bells and whistles, such as HDMI or Dolby Atmos support, but it does Dolby Vision and HDR10 — though not very well. But with excellent color accuracy, low lag time and a good looking design, it's still a solid TV for the price, and better than many Fire TV models we've seen in the past.

Read our full Toshiba C Fire TV review.

4. Vizio V-Series VH19

Strong picture quality in a inch TV


Screen size: 40 inches

Screen type: LCD

Refresh rate: 60Hz

HDMI ports: 3 HDMI (1 ARC)

Size: 36 x 21 x 3 inches

Weight: 15 pounds

Reasons to buy

+Decent picture quality+Better-than-average HDR support+Built-in Google Chromecast

Reasons to avoid

-Basic port selection-Middling HDR performance-Quiet audio

If low prices are what you're after, then the Vizio V-Series ( model) might be just the budget-friendly 4K smart TV you're after. The Vizio V-Series’s smallest variation is inches, but it also has a inch model that fits our “small” TV description.  With exceptional affordability, decent smarts from Vizio's SmartCast software and great gaming capabilities, it's a fantastic bargain, even when it's not on sale – and it frequently is, with steep discounts occurring throughout the year.

A trio of HDMI ports deliver gaming-friendly features like auto low latency mode and impressively short lag times of just milliseconds. If you want great gaming performance for less, this is definitely the budget gaming TV to get. But keep in mind that this is a 60Hz display, so variable refresh rates and high refresh rates are off the table. And general performance is decent enough, but the brightness isn't great and the audio would benefit from adding a soundbar.

Read our full Vizio V-Series ( model) review.

5. Insignia LED HD Fire TV Edition (NSDFSE21)

An Amazon-powered smart TV in a tiny size


Screen size: 24 inches

Screen type: LCD

Refresh rate: 60Hz

HDMI ports: 3 (1 ARC)

Size: x x inches

Weight: pounds

Reasons to buy

+Great value+Alexa voice assistant built in+Good sound for its size

Reasons to avoid

p resolution-Annoying ads

When you’re really pressed for space — and cash — the inch Insignia LED HD Fire TV Edition should be high on your list. Also available in inch size, this p-resolution TV is perfect if you love Amazon’s interface and you’ve got Alexa sprinkled throughout your place. While it doesn’t have all the features of the Insignia 4K Fire TV Edition, its smart features are among the best you’ll find in a TV this size. The Fire TV operating system brings all the benefits of Amazon’s familiar interface and, of course, it has Alexa built in so you can use your voice to navigate and play content — as well as control other smart devices in your home. The unit also produces better sound than many small TVs.

But its p resolution means you won’t get all the sharpness you may be used to. And unfortunately, the TV interface is full of ads. But it’s a worthy choice if you like the Amazon experience and you want a TV for a really low price.


LG quality at an affordable price


Screen size: 43 inches

Screen type: LCD

Refresh rate: 60Hz

HDMI ports: 3 (1 ARC)

Size: x x inches

Weight: pounds

Reasons to buy

+Strong brightness levels+Wide viewing angles+Excellent smart TV features

Reasons to avoid

-No local dimming-Limited HDR support-Unimpressive black levels

In the balance between size and cost, some things are worth paying for — and the LG 43UMPUA fits that description. The inch TV brings with it LG’s reputation and smarts. While it will cost you several hundred dollars more than the TCL 4 Series, the LG 43UMPUA is the least expensive LG TV you’ll find. In exchange for the extra cash, you get LG’s excellent webOS platform, which offers plenty of apps and is easy to use. You’ll also benefit from direct backlighting instead of the edge lighting many cheaper TVs use. And it has a very low lag time, which makes it an excellent choice for gamers. 

But you won’t get the performance of LG’s higher priced sets. It has limited HDR and its color quality wasn’t great. While its speakers handled dialog well, they couldn’t belt out much bass and didn’t get very loud. 

7. Samsung Q60T QN43Q60TAFXZA

QLED tech in a inch TV


Screen size: 43 inches

Screen type: QLED

Refresh rate: 60Hz

HDMI ports: 3 (1 ARC)

Size: x 22 x inches

Weight: pounds

Reasons to buy

+Rich color and sharp details+Alexa and Bixby inside+Lots of apps

Reasons to avoid

-Blurring during fast action-Limited viewing angle-Dimming at edges of screen

While most small TVs have standard LED LCD screens, the Samsung Q60T brings one of the best screen technologies available, QLED, or quantum-dot LED, to its inch version. Its QLED screen produces more intense colors than a regular LED and competes with an OLED screen for vividness and deep blacks. The Q60T delivers a very sharp picture, and thanks to that QLED screen, good colors. It handles HDR well, producing excellent contrast. Thanks to the Tizen smart operating system, you’ll have access to tons of apps. 

But the Q60T costs several hundred more than the TCL 4 Series, and while it has a good picture, there are some flaws. This year’s model has a slower processor and lower refresh rate, which resulted in some blurring during fast motion scenes. It’s color accuracy was also below other QLED sets. But if you want one of the best screens in a inch TV, the Q60T is the one for you.

Read our full Samsung Q60T review.

8. Vizio D-Series D24F-G1

p inch TV with SmartCast


Screen size: 24 inches

Screen type: QLED

Refresh rate: 60Hz

HDMI ports: 2 (1 ARC)

Size: x x inches

Weight: pounds

Reasons to buy

+p HD+Full-array backlight

Reasons to avoid

-Limited brightness-Smart platform lacks some apps

If you’re seeking a tiny TV and can afford to pay a little more than the Insignia LED HD Fire TV costs, the Vizio D-Series is a step up in terms of tech. It has p HD instead of the Insignia’s p, so the image should be more crisp. Also available in and inch versions, the D-Series also has a full-array backlight which should make for a brighter and better overall image. 

The D-Series picture quality doesn’t match Vizio’s next-tier model line, the V-Series (featured earlier on this list), but the smallest V-Series is 40 inches. The D-Series comes with the same smart operating system as the V-Series, Vizio’s SmartCast, which has improved over the years but still lacks some apps and isn’t the easiest to use. But if you want a small p TV, this could be your best option. 

How to choose the best small smart TVs for you

When looking for a small smart TV, follow our TV Buying Guide tips. If you put some thought into what you need from a TV, you’ll be able to enjoy your purchase for years to come. 

Size: How small is small enough? The difference between the screen size of a inch TV and a inch TV is pretty significant. If your space will allow for a larger unit, we recommend you go bigger — even if you think you’ll be happy with the smallest screen, a bigger one helps make the experience of watching more engaging. 

Price: Expect to pay $$ for the smallest TVs on this list, and expect to pay more like $ or more on the larger end of “small.” Some of these TVs sell for $ or more.

Features: Consider which ports you need and how many. The number of HDMI ports you need depends on how many devices you plan to plug in — a streaming stick, game console or cable box, for example. Most of these TVs have three HDMI inputs, but some have only two. If you plan to use a sound bar, you may need an optical digital audio or a mm auxiliary output. You may also want a TV that supports Bluetooth so you can listen on your headphones without disturbing people around you. 

If you've narrowed down your TV shopping by brand, price range or screen size, check out our picks for the best TVs in each.

Best TVs | Best 4K TVs | Best smart TVs for streaming | Best TVs for gaming

The best TVs under $ | The best TVs under $

Best TV brands | Best Samsung TVs | Best TCL TVs | Best LG TVs | Best Roku TVs | Best OLED TVs | Best QLED TVs | Best 8K TVs

Best inch TVs | Best inch TVs | Best inch TVs | Best inch TVs | Best inch TVs | Best inch TVs | Best inch TVs

And don't forget to watch out for the latest TV reviews.

Michael Gowan covers soundbars, TVs, portable speakers and other audio- and video-related topics for Tom’s Guide. He’s written about music and technology for more than 20 years for a raft of publications including Wired, Men’s Journal, PC World and Macworld. When he’s not reviewing speakers, he’s probably listening to one anyway. 

Sours: https://www.tomsguide.com/best-picks/smallest-smart-tvs

Television set

Device for viewing computer's screen and shows broadcast through satellites or cables

"TV set" redirects here. For other uses, see Television set (disambiguation).

A television set or television receiver, more commonly called the television, TV, TV set, tube,[1]telly, or tele, is a device that combines a tuner, display, and loudspeakers, for the purpose of viewing and hearing television broadcasting through satellites or cables, or using it as a computer monitor. Introduced in the late s in mechanical form, television sets became a popular consumer product after World War II in electronic form, using cathode ray tube (CRT) technology. The addition of color to broadcast television after further increased the popularity of television sets in the s, and an outdoor antenna became a common feature of suburban homes. The ubiquitous television set became the display device for the first recorded media in the s, such as Betamax, VHS and later DVD. It has been used as a display device since the first generation of home computers (e.g. Timex Sinclair ) and dedicated video game consoles (e.g. Atari) in the s. By the early s, flat-panel television incorporating liquid-crystal display (LCD) technology, especially LED-backlit LCD technology, largely replaced CRT and other display technologies.[2][3][4][5][6] Modern flat panel TVs are typically capable of high-definition display (p, i, p) and can also play content from a USB device.


Main article: History of television

Early television[edit]

RCA TS, the first mass-produced electronic television set, which sold in –

Mechanical televisions were commercially sold from to in the United Kingdom, France,[7] The United States, and The Soviet Union.[8] The earliest commercially made televisions were radios with the addition of a television device consisting of a neon tube behind a mechanically spinning disk with a spiral of apertures that produced a red postage-stamp size image, enlarged to twice that size by a magnifying glass. The Baird "Televisor" (sold in – in the UK) is considered the first mass-produced television, selling about a thousand units.[9]

In , Kenjiro Takayanagi demonstrated the first TV system that employed a cathode ray tube (CRT) display, at Hamamatsu Industrial High School in Japan.[10] This was the first working example of a fully electronic television receiver.[11] His research toward creating a production model was halted by the US after Japan lost World War II.[10]

A television testing laboratory

The first commercially made electronic televisions with cathode ray tubes were manufactured by Telefunken in Germany in ,[12][13] followed by other makers in France (),[14] Britain (),[15] and USA ().[16][17] The cheapest model with a inch (30&#;cm) screen was $ (equivalent to $8, in ).[18] An estimated 19, electronic televisions were manufactured in Britain, and about 1, in Germany, before World War II. About 7,–8, electronic sets were made in the U.S.[19] before the War Production Board halted manufacture in April , production resuming in August Television usage in the western world skyrocketed after World War II with the lifting of the manufacturing freeze, war-related technological advances, the drop in television prices caused by mass production, increased leisure time, and additional disposable income. While only % of U.S. households had a television in , % had one in , and 90% by [20] In Britain, there were 15, television households in , million in , and million by [21]

Transistorized television[edit]

Early electronic television sets were large and bulky, with analog circuits made of vacuum tubes. As an example, the RCA CT color TV set used 36 vacuum tubes.[22] Following the invention of the first working transistor at Bell Labs, Sony founder Masaru Ibuka predicted in that the transition to electronic circuits made of transistors would lead to smaller and more portable television sets.[23] The first fully transistorized, portable solid-state television set was the 8-inch Sony TV, developed in and released in [24][25] However, the first fully transistorized color TV set, the HMV Colourmaster Model , was released in by the British Radio Corporation.[26] This began the transformation of television viewership from a communal viewing experience to a solitary viewing experience.[27] By , Sony had sold over 4&#;million portable television sets worldwide.[28]

The MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor, or MOS transistor) was invented by Mohamed M. Atalla and Dawon Kahng at Bell Labs in ,[29] and presented in [30]RCA Laboratories researchers W.M. Austin, J.A. Dean, D.M. Griswold and O.P. Hart in proposed the use of the MOSFET in television circuits, including RF amplifier, low-level video, chroma and AGC circuits.[31] The MOSFET was later widely adopted for most television circuits.[32]

By the late s and early s, color television had come into wide use. In Britain, BBC1, BBC2 and ITV were regularly broadcasting in colour by [33]

LCD television[edit]

Building on the work of Mohamed M. Atalla and Dawon Kahng on the MOSFET, Paul K. Weimer at RCA developed the thin-film transistor (TFT) in [34] It was a type of MOSFET distinct from the standard bulk MOSFET.[35] The idea of a TFT-based liquid-crystal display (LCD) was conceived by Bernard Lechner of RCA Laboratories in [36] Lechner, F. J. Marlowe, E. O. Nester and J. Tults demonstrated the concept in with a dynamic scattering LCD that used standard discrete MOSFETs.[37]

In , T. Peter Brody, J. A. Asars and G. D. Dixon at Westinghouse Research Laboratories demonstrated the first thin-film-transistor liquid-crystal display (TFT LCD).[38][39] Brody and Fang-Chen Luo demonstrated the first flat active-matrix liquid-crystal display (AM LCD) in [36]

By , pocketLCD TVs based on AM LCD technology were developed in Japan.[40] The inch Epson ET[41] (Epson Elf) was the first color LCD pocket TV, released in [42] In , a Sharp research team led by engineer T. Nagayasu demonstrated a inch full-color LCD display,[36][43] which convinced the electronics industry that LCD would eventually replace cathode-ray tube (CRT) as the standard televisiondisplay technology.[36]

During the first decade of the 21st century, CRT "picture tube" display technology was almost entirely supplanted worldwide by flat-panel displays. By the early s, LCD TVs, which increasingly used LED-backlit LCDs, accounted for the overwhelming majority of television sets being manufactured.[2][3][4][5][6]

TV sizes[edit]

Cambridge’s Clive Sinclair created a mini TV in which could be held in the palm of your hand and was the world's smallest television at the time, though it never took off commercially because the design was complex.[44] In , Samsung launched the largest television to date at inches, which is around 24 feet.[45] The average size of TVs has grown over time.[46][47][48]


Main article: Display device

Television sets may employ one of several available display technologies. As of mid, LCDs overwhelmingly predominate in new merchandise, but OLED displays are claiming an increasing market share as they become more affordable and DLP technology continues to offer some advantages in projection systems. The production of plasma and CRT displays has been completely discontinued.[2][3][4][5][6][49]

There are four primary competing TV technologies:

  • CRT
  • LCD (multiple variations of LCD screens are called QLED, quantum dot, LED, LCD TN, LCD IPS, LCD PLS, LCD VA, etc.)
  • OLED
  • Plasma


Main article: Cathode ray tube

A inch cathode ray tube showing its deflection coils and electron guns

The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube containing one or more electron guns (a source of electrons or electron emitter) and a fluorescent screen used to view images.[50] It has a means to accelerate and deflect the electron beam(s) onto the screen to create the images. The images may represent electrical waveforms (oscilloscope), pictures (television, computer monitor), radar targets or others. The CRT uses an evacuated glass envelope, which is large, deep (i.e., long from front screen face to rear end), fairly heavy, and relatively fragile. As a matter of safety, both the face (panel) and back (funnel) were typically made of thick lead glass so as to block most electron emissions from the electron gun in the very back of the tube. By the early s, most color TVs replaced leaded glass in the face panel with vitrified strontium oxide glass,[51][52][53] which also blocked electron gun emissions but allowed better color visibility. This also eliminated the need for cadmium phosphors in earlier color televisions. Leaded glass, which is less expensive, continued to be used in the funnel glass, which is not visible to the consumer.

In television sets and computer monitors, the entire front area of the tube is scanned repetitively and systematically in a fixed pattern called a raster. An image is produced by controlling the intensity of each of the three electron beams, one for each additive primary color (red, green, and blue) with a video signal as a reference.[54] In all modern CRT monitors and televisions, the beams are bent by magnetic deflection, a varying magnetic field generated by coils and driven by electronic circuits around the neck of the tube, although electrostatic deflection is commonly used in oscilloscopes, a type of diagnostic instrument.[54]


Main article: Digital Light Processing

The Christie Mirage , a DLP projector.

Digital Light Processing (DLP) is a type of video projector technology that uses a digital micromirror device. Some DLPs have a TV tuner, which makes them a type of TV display. It was originally developed in by Larry Hornbeck of Texas Instruments. While the DLP imaging device was invented by Texas Instruments, the first DLP based projector was introduced by Digital Projection Ltd in Digital Projection and Texas Instruments were both awarded Emmy Awards in for the DLP projector technology. DLP is used in a variety of display applications from traditional static displays to interactive displays and also non-traditional embedded applications including medical, security, and industrial uses.

DLP technology is used in DLP front projectors (standalone projection units for classrooms and business primarily), DLP rear projection television sets, and digital signs. It is also used in about 85% of digital cinema projection, and in additive manufacturing as a power source in some SLA 3D printers to cure resins into solid 3D objects.[55]

Rear projection[edit]

Rear-projection televisions (RPTVs) became very popular in the early days of television, when the ability to practically produce tubes with a large display size did not exist. In , for a tube capable of being mounted horizontally in the television cabinet, nine inches would have been regarded as the largest convenient size that could be made owing to its required length, due to the low deflection angles of CRTs produced in the era, which meant that CRTs with large front sizes would have also needed to be very deep,[56] which caused such CRTs to be installed at an angle to reduce the cabinet depth of the TV set. Twelve inch tubes and TV sets were available, but the tubes were so long (deep) that they were mounted vertically and viewed via a mirror in the top of the TV set cabinet which was usually mounted under a hinged lid, reducing considerably the depth of the set but making it taller.[57] These mirror lid televisions were large pieces of furniture.

As a solution, Philips introduced a television set in that relied on back projecting an image from a 4+1&#;2 inch tube onto a 25 inch screen. This required the tube to be driven very hard (at unusually high voltages and currents, see Cathode-ray tube#Projection CRTs) to produce an extremely bright image on its fluorescent screen. Further, Philips decided to use a green phosphor on the tube face as it was brighter than the white phosphors of the day.[58] In fact these early tubes were not up to the job and by November of that year Philips decided that it was cheaper to buy the sets back than to provide replacement tubes under warranty every couple of weeks or so.[59] Substantial improvements were very quickly made to these small tubes and a more satisfactory tube design was available the following year helped by Philips's decision to use a smaller screen size of 23 inches.[60] In a more efficient 2+1&#;2 inch tube with vastly improved technology and more efficient white phosphor, along with smaller and less demanding screen sizes, was able to provide an acceptable image, though the life of the tubes was still shorter than contemporary direct view tubes.[61] As cathode ray tube technology improved during the 's, producing larger and larger screen sizes and later on, (more or less) rectangular tubes, the rear projection system was obsolete before the end of the decade.

However, in the early to mid s RPTV systems made a comeback as a cheaper alternative to contemporary LCD and Plasma TVs. They were larger and lighter than contemporary CRT TVs and had a flat screen just like LCD and Plasma, but unlike LCD and Plasma, RPTVs were often dimmer, had lower contrast ratios and viewing angles, image quality was affected by room lighting and suffered when compared with direct view CRTs,[62] and were still bulky like CRTs. These TVs worked by having a DLP, LCoS or LCD projector at the bottom of the unit, and using a mirror to project the image onto a screen. The screen may be a fresnel lens to increase brightness at the cost of viewing angles. Some early units used CRT projectors and were heavy, weighing up to pounds.[63] Most RPTVs used Ultra-high-performance lamps as their light source, which required periodic replacement partly because they dimmed with use but mainly because the operating bulb glass became weaker with ageing to the point where the bulb could eventually shatter often damaging the projection system. Those that used CRTs and lasers did not require replacement.[64]


Main article: Plasma display

A plasma display panel (PDP) is a type of flat panel display common to large TV displays 30 inches (76&#;cm) or larger. They are called "plasma" displays because the technology utilizes small cells containing electricallychargedionizedgases, or what are in essence chambers more commonly known as fluorescent lamps. Around , television manufacturers were largely phasing out plasma TVs, because a plasma TV became higher cost and more difficult to make in 4k compared to LED or LCD.[65]


Main article: Liquid crystal display

A generic LCD TV, with speakers on either side of the screen.

Liquid-crystal-display televisions (LCD TV) are television sets that use Liquid-crystal displays to produce images. LCD televisions are much thinner and lighter than cathode ray tube (CRTs) of similar display size and are available in much larger sizes (e.g., inch diagonal). When manufacturing costs fell, this combination of features made LCDs practical for television receivers.

In , LCD televisions surpassed sales of CRT-based televisions globally for the first time,[66] and their sales figures relative to other technologies accelerated. LCD TVs quickly displaced the only major competitors in the large-screen market, the plasma display panel and rear-projection television. In the mids LCDs became, by far, the most widely produced and sold television display type.[2][3]

LCDs also have disadvantages. Other technologies address these weaknesses, including OLEDs, FED and SED.


Main article: Organic light-emitting diode

An OLED (organic light-emitting diode) is a light-emitting diode (LED) in which the emissiveelectroluminescent layer is a film of organic compound which emits light in response to an electric current. This layer of organic semiconductor is situated between two electrodes. Generally, at least one of these electrodes is transparent. OLEDs are used to create digital displays in devices such as television screens. It is also used for computer monitors, portable systems such as mobile phones, handheld game consoles and PDAs.

There are two main families of OLED: those based on small molecules and those employing polymers. Adding mobile ions to an OLED creates a light-emitting electrochemical cell or LEC, which has a slightly different mode of operation. OLED displays can use either passive-matrix (PMOLED) or active-matrix addressing schemes. Active-matrix OLEDs (AMOLED) require a thin-film transistor backplane to switch each individual pixel on or off, but allow for higher resolution and larger display sizes.

An OLED display works without a backlight. Thus, it can display deep black levels and can be thinner and lighter than a liquid crystal display (LCD). In low ambient light conditions such as a dark room, an OLED screen can achieve a higher contrast ratio than an LCD, whether the LCD uses cold cathode fluorescent lamps or LED backlight.

Outdoor television[edit]

An outdoor television set designed for outdoor use is usually found in the outdoor sections of bars, sports field, or other community facilities. Most outdoor televisions use high-definition television technology. Their body is more robust. The screens are designed to remain clearly visible even in sunny outdoor lighting. The screens also have anti-reflective coatings to prevent glare. They are weather-resistant and often also have anti-theft brackets. Outdoor TV models can also be connected with BD players and PVRs for greater functionality.[citation needed][67]


In the United States, the average consumer replaces their television every years, but research suggests that due to advanced software and apps, the replacement cycle may be shortening.[68]

Recycling and disposal[edit]

Due to recent changes in electronic waste legislation, economical and environmentally friendly television disposal has been made increasingly more available in the form of television recycling. Challenges with recycling television sets include proper HAZMAT disposal, landfill pollution, and illegal international trade.[69]

Major manufacturers[edit]

Global years statistics for LCD TV.[70]

Rank Manufacturer Market share (%) Headquarters
1South KoreaSamsung ElectronicsSuwon, South Korea
2South KoreaLG ElectronicsSeoul, South Korea
3ChinaTCL Technology9Huizhou, China
4ChinaHisenseQingdao, China
5JapanSonyTokyo, Japan
7ChinaSkyworthShenzhen, China
8United StatesVizio Inc.Irvine, United States
9ChinaChanghongMianyang, China
10ChinaHaier3Qingdao, China

See also[edit]


  1. ^https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/tube
  2. ^ abcd"IHS Technology – The Source for Critical Information and Insight. - IHS Technology". www.displaysearch.com.
  3. ^ abcdKatzmaier, David. "RIP, rear-projection TV". CNET.
  4. ^ abcJacobson, Julie. "Mitsubishi Drops DLP Displays: Goodbye RPTVs Forever". www.cepro.com.
  5. ^ abc"LG's Exit May Herald End of Plasma TVs - Tom's Guide". 28 October
  6. ^ abc"Discontinue Notice of TFT-LCD (CCFL Products)"(PDF). Mitsubishi Electric. 11 July Archived from the original(PDF) on 29 March
  7. ^Early British Television: Baird, Television History: The First 75 Years.
  8. ^Pre, Television History: The First 75 Years. The French model shown does not appear to have entered production.
  9. ^Pre Baird Sets: UK, Television History: The First 75 Years.
  10. ^ abKenjiro Takayanagi: The Father of Japanese Television, NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation), , retrieved
  11. ^"Milestones:Development of Electronic Television, ". Retrieved 11 December
  12. ^Telefunken, Early Electronic TV Gallery, Early Television Foundation.
  13. ^–35 Telefunken, Television History: The First 75 Years.
  14. ^ French Television, Television History: The First 75 Years.
  15. ^ Baird T5, Television History: The First 75 Years.
  16. ^Communicating Systems, Inc., Early Electronic TV Gallery, Early Television Foundation.
  17. ^America's First Electronic Television Set, Television History: The First 75 Years.
  18. ^American TV Prices, Television History: The First 75 Years.
  19. ^Annual Television Sales in USA, Television History: The First 75 Years.
  20. ^Number of TV Households in America, Television History: The First 75 Years.
  21. ^Robbins, Paul; Hintz; Moore (). Environment and Society: A Critical Introduction. John Wiley & Sons. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  22. ^"Home Page". www.earlytelevision.org.
  23. ^Childs, William R.; Martin, Scott B.; Stitt-Gohdes, Wanda (). Business and Industry: Savings and investment options to telecommuting. Marshall Cavendish. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  24. ^"Sony Founder Masaru Ibuka's New Year's Dream Comes True: The Launch of Sony's TV Business". Time Capsule. Sony. 21. 17 November Retrieved 1 October
  25. ^Sparke, Penny (). Japanese Design. The Museum of Modern Art. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  26. ^Electrons in Shadow-mask Colour Tubes. Thorn-AEI Radio Valves and Tubes Limited.
  27. ^Lucie-Smith, Edward (). A History of Industrial Design. Phaidon Press. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  28. ^Chang, Yoon Seok; Makatsoris, Harris C.; Richards, Howard D. (). Evolution of Supply Chain Management: Symbiosis of Adaptive Value Networks and ICT. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN&#;.
  29. ^" - Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) Transistor Demonstrated". The Silicon Engine. Computer History Museum. Retrieved 29 July
  30. ^Atalla, M.; Kahng, D. (). "Silicon-silicon dioxide field induced surface devices". IRE-AIEE Solid State Device Research Conference.
  31. ^Austin, W. M.; Dean, J. A.; Griswold, D. M.; Hart, O. P. (November ). "TV Applications of MOS Transistors". IEEE Transactions on Broadcast and Television Receivers. 12 (4): 68– doi/TBTR
  32. ^Amos, S. W.; James, Mike (). Principles of Transistor Circuits: Introduction to the Design of Amplifiers, Receivers and Digital Circuits. Elsevier. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  33. ^" BBC tunes in to colour". 3 March Retrieved 19 November
  34. ^Weimer, Paul K. (June ). "The TFT A New Thin-Film Transistor". Proceedings of the IRE. 50 (6): – doi/JRPROC ISSN&#; S2CID&#;
  35. ^Kimizuka, Noboru; Yamazaki, Shunpei (). Physics and Technology of Crystalline Oxide Semiconductor CAAC-IGZO: Fundamentals. John Wiley & Sons. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  36. ^ abcdKawamoto, H. (). "The Inventors of TFT Active-Matrix LCD Receive the IEEE Nishizawa Medal". Journal of Display Technology. 8 (1): 3–4. doi/JDT ISSN&#;X.
  37. ^Castellano, Joseph A. (). Liquid Gold: The Story of Liquid Crystal Displays and the Creation of an Industry. World Scientific. pp.&#;41–2. ISBN&#;.
  38. ^Kuo, Yue (1 January ). "Thin Film Transistor Technology—Past, Present, and Future"(PDF). The Electrochemical Society Interface. 22 (1): 55– doi/2.Fif. ISSN&#;
  39. ^Brody, T. Peter; Asars, J. A.; Dixon, G. D. (November ). "A 6 × 6 inch 20 lines-per-inch liquid-crystal display panel". IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices. 20 (11): – doi/T-ED ISSN&#;
  40. ^Morozumi, Shinji; Oguchi, Kouichi (12 October ). "Current Status of LCD-TV Development in Japan". Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals. 94 (1–2): 43– doi/ ISSN&#;
  41. ^Souk, Jun; Morozumi, Shinji; Luo, Fang-Chen; Bita, Ion (). Flat Panel Display Manufacturing. John Wiley & Sons. pp.&#;2–3. ISBN&#;.
  42. ^"ET". Epson. Retrieved 29 July
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  44. ^Elliott, Chris (10 January ). "When Cambridge invented the world's smallest telly". CambridgeshireLive. Retrieved 23 October
  45. ^Katzmaier, David. "Samsung reveals a inch TV, the largest we've seen at CES". CNET. Retrieved 23 October
  46. ^Yau, Nathan (23 September ). "TV Size Over the Past 8 Years".
  47. ^https://www.statista.com/statistics//united-states-average-tv-screen-size/#:~:text=%20to%,The%20average%20size%20of%20LCD%20TV%20screens%20in%20the%20United,eclipse%%20inches%20by%
  48. ^Katzmaier, David. "Remember when TVs weighed pounds? A look back at TV trends over the years". CNET.
  49. ^"spanish info about tv". TVbaratas.
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  52. ^Ropp, Richard C. (31 December ). "Encyclopedia of the Alkaline Earth Compounds". Newnes &#; via Google Books.
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  54. ^ ab"How Computer Monitors Work". Retrieved 4 October
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  56. ^Thorn-AEI Radio Valves and Tubes Limited (). Electrons in Picture Tubes. United Kingdom.
  57. ^One such example of a set, the Murphy model A42V (https://www.bvws.org.uk/events/photos/murphy-day/, https://www.radiomuseum.org/r/murphy_a42v.html, https://www.earlytelevision.org/murphy.html) produced in used a twelve inch tube type 12H that was a little in excess of 30 inches long.
  58. ^https://frank.pocnet.net/sheets//m/MSpdf
  59. ^"Philips". www.thevalvepage.com.
  60. ^"Philips". www.thevalvepage.com.
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  63. ^"America's Television Graveyards - VICE". www.vice.com.
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  65. ^Katzmaier, David. "Why Samsung's F is the last great plasma TV". CNET. Retrieved 21 May
  66. ^Sherwood, James (22 February ). "Global LCD TV sales overtake CRT". The Register. Retrieved 3 July
  67. ^Baig, Edward C. "SunBrite outdoor TV: An expensive luxury". USA TODAY.
  68. ^Pierce, David (25 November ). "Your Smart TV Is Only Going to Get Dumber". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 27 November
  69. ^[1]Archived 4 January at reparatii-televizoare.com , www.Bordercenter.org
  70. ^Global market share held by LCD TV manufacturers from to

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Television_set
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  • We’ve updated this overview to add our newest pick for best OLED TV.

June 7,

We’ve spent hundreds of hours researching and testing TVs to find the best options for any space and budget. This article provides an overview of the top picks across all of our guides to the best TVs, with links to our full coverage. The TCL 6-Series—available in , , and inch screen sizes—is our recommendation for a great LCD TV at a reasonable price. But if you want even better performance, a lower price, a smaller size, or the best choice for gaming, we have other recommendations, as well.

Great image contrast, brightness, and detail comparable with that of $1,+ TVsHDMI inputs support a maximum bandwidth of only 18 Gb/s
Integrated Roku support for all major streaming servicesSome people might find the Roku remote too basic
Gaming-friendly features

Great image quality for the price: Best LCD/LED TV

An LCD TV sits in a living room media center, displaying a family of polar bears walking in snow.

Buy a midrange LCD TV if:

  • You want quality for a reasonable price: The good ones offer excellent picture quality, solid preset image modes, easy on-screen navigation, and plenty of inputs for under $1,

Buy another type of TV if:

  • You want the best image quality possible: An OLED TV will provide a clear, truly lifelike image with perfect blacks and bright highlights, but you’ll have to pay for it.
  • You’re on a tight budget: If you’re willing to compromise on image quality to save some money, consider our budget pick.
  • You don’t have very much space: If you’re looking for a TV to fit in the corner of your small bedroom or dorm, get a inch model.

Why we like it: The TCL 6-Series is our favorite LCD/LED TV thanks to its combination of great image quality, simplicity, and features that make it ready for the future—all for an affordable price. The TV uses advanced technologies such as quantum dots and mini LEDs to produce an image that is very colorful and has superb contrast ratios and HDR performance. The Hz LCD panel can deliver cleaner, smoother motion for TV shows, movies, and video games without resorting to the soap opera effect. And the built-in Roku interface makes it easy to access almost every streaming service without having to add an extra streaming box.

Flaws but not dealbreakers: The HDMI inputs are limited to a bandwidth of 18 Gb/s, which means they can’t accept a 4K signal at Hz, only at 60 Hz. The video processing on the 6-Series is fine, but it’s not as good as what companies like Sony and Samsung offer. Some people might find the supplied Roku remote to be too basic. There are no number keys, so selecting a TV channel requires using the on-screen guide or the up and down arrows.

Available sizes: 55, 65, 75 inches
HDMI ports: four
Smart OS: Roku

See our complete coverage and learn more in our full review

  • The Best LCD/LED TV

    The Best LCD/LED TV

    The new and improved TCL 6-Series is our favorite LCD/LED TV, thanks to its great performance, simple Roku interface, and future-proof features.

If you can’t spend as much: Best budget 4K TV

A TV sits on a media console.

Buy a budget 4K TV if:

  • You’re willing to sacrifice image quality: Spending a little more money will get you noticeably better image quality.

Buy another type of TV if:

  • You watch a lot of TV during the day: Our budget 4K TV picks might not be bright enough to compete with sunlight through windows, which might bother you during a lazy Sunday morning.
  • You want something that looks as good turned off as it does while on: A more expensive TV may have better aesthetics than our budget pick.

Why we like it: The inch Vizio M-Q8 has the advanced technologies needed to deliver a great-looking 4K picture. Plus it’s easy to use and has a variety of streaming services built in.

Flaws but not dealbreakers: The Vizio panel isn’t as bright as the best LCD TVs we’ve tested, and it has only a 60 Hz refresh rate, so motion isn’t as fluid as it can be on a Hz panel. The M-Q8 uses the claw-foot stand design, in which the two feet are spaced far apart, so it needs a table or stand that’s as wide as it is.

Available sizes: 55 and 65 inches
HDMI ports: four
Smart OS: SmartCast

See our complete coverage and learn more in our full review

Upgrade for the best possible performance: Best OLED TV

Our best OLED TV pick, the LG C1 Series, displaying scene from a car race in a video game.

Buy an OLED TV if:

  • You want the best possible image quality, regardless of price: OLED TVs can produce the best HDR image quality of any TV currently available.
  • You watch TV in a room where you can control the lighting: In a bright room, an OLED TV might reflect a lot of light that obscures the picture. If you are looking for a TV for a dark room, or a home theater setup, OLED TV is the perfect choice.
  • You want your TV to look as nice off as it does on: An OLED TV usually has an attractive metallic design that will look great in your living room.

Buy another type of TV if:

  • You largely watch TV in a very bright room: OLED TVs can’t compete with LCD models for overall brightness, which can easily overpower reflections and direct light.
  • You aren’t looking for the best possible picture quality: An LCD TV can provide a great image at a much lower price.

Why we like it: The LG C1 offers superb image quality, is brighter than previous OLED TVs, supports the leading HDR and HDMI standards, and has an extremely thin and attractive design. Its WebOS smart-TV platform is easy to use and supports all of the major video and audio streaming services. Videophiles will like that the C1 gives them more control over the image than competing OLED TVs do, while the Filmmaker Mode makes it easy for anyone to get an accurate image.

Flaws but not dealbreakers: The HDMI ports on the C1 offer a bandwidth of 40 Gbps, instead of the full 48 Gbps bitrate. The sound quality of the LG C1 could be better, but that’s the case with every flat-panel TV. We expect most people will pair a TV in this price range with an AV receiver and surround-sound combo or at least a good soundbar.

Available sizes: 48, 55, 65, 77, 83 inches
HDMI ports: four
Smart OS: WebOS

Upgrade pick



The best OLED TV

The LG C1 produces fantastic 4K HDR images and performs almost as well as higher-end OLED TVs for a significantly lower price.

See our complete coverage and learn more in our full review

For small spaces: Best inch TV

A product shot of the TCL Roku TV on a white background.

Buy a inch LCD/LED TV if:

  • You don’t have space for a larger TV: Our other picks are likely too big for small bedrooms or dorm rooms.

Buy another type of TV if:

  • You care about picture quality: A larger LCD or OLED TV will provide an image with much higher definition.
  • You’ve got plenty of space: A inch TV will look a little odd in most suburban living rooms.
  • You’d like a TV that looks as nice when off as it does while on: A high-end LCD or OLED TV will have much better aesthetics.

Why we like it: The inch TCL Roku TV is our pick for the best inch TV because it has three HDMI ports instead of two and comes with Roku OS built in. This saves you the roughly $40 you’d otherwise have to spend on a streaming stick. We don’t think that the inch Roku TV is all that special, but it is the best of the small TVs we tested and good enough for viewing in a small room. It’s also available in , , , and inch versions.

Flaws but not dealbreakers: Although this inch TCL model looks good for the price, it’s not remarkable. But these days that’s true for all small TVs, which are increasingly an afterthought for TV makers. The prices of larger screens have dropped to the point that almost anybody can afford one; as a result, small TVs are based on designs that lag several years behind the latest technology. This inch TCL offers only p resolution, which means that it doesn’t support 4K (the larger three sizes in this series go up to p, but that’s still just HD). They also don’t do HDR. You have to really need the small size to justify getting one of these right now.

Available sizes: 32 inches
HDMI ports: three
Smart OS: Roku

Our pick

TCL Roku TV (inch)

TCL Roku TV (inch)

The best small tv

TCL’s inch Roku TV lacks 4K and HDR, but that doesn’t matter as much on a small screen. It has great streaming options and more HDMI ports than other small TVs.

See our complete coverage and learn more in our full review

  • The Best Inch TV

    The Best Inch TV

    The best small TV for most people is the TCL Roku. Its low price tag and integrated Roku make it great for a second room or the very price-conscious.

For gamers: Best TV for video games

A video game is displayed on the LG CX OLED television set up as a monitor with a desktop, mouse, and keyboard in frame.

Buy a gaming TV if:

  • You want low input lag: The lower the TV’s input lag, the less time between when something happens in the game and when you see it on your screen.
  • You want the latest gaming-friendly HDMI features: The newest HDMI specification includes a number of gaming-friendly features, like automatic low latency mode, variable refresh rate, and the bandwidth to pass a 4K Hz signal. While many TVs might support one or two HDMI features, only a select few currently support the higher bandwidth.

Buy another type of TV if:

  • You don’t play video games: Other TVs can deliver great performance for movie- and TV-watching for a lower price.

Why we like it: In addition to being our favorite overall performer for movies, the LG CX OLED TV supports all the HDMI features you could want for gaming, including 4K Hz inputs, ALLM, VRR, and HGIG. In addition, it has one of the lowest input lags we’ve measured on a TV, its game mode offers accurate colors, and it has superior viewing angles and pixel-response times compared with LCD TVs. It supports AMD FreeSync and Nvidia G-Sync for PC gamers, too. Unlike almost every other HDMI display out there, the CX supports HDMI on every HDMI input (it has four total), not just one or two.

Flaws but not dealbreakers: Some people worry about burn-in when using an OLED TV as a gaming monitor, though we don’t think this is a major issue. The HDMI ports on the CX offer a bandwidth of 40 Gbps, while the former C9’s HDMI inputs offered a full 48 Gbps bitrate. With all the current gaming sources that are available, this should not be a concern.

Available sizes: 48, 55, 65, 77 inches
HDMI ports: four
Smart OS: WebOS

See our complete coverage and learn more in our full review

More resources

Further reading

  • TV Buying Guide

    TV Buying Guide

    If you have no idea where to start, this guide will walk you through the process of choosing and buying a TV, step by step.

  • The Best TV Wall Mount
  • The Best Soundbar
  • Cutting the Cord: Alternatives to Cable and Satellite TV
  • The Best Wireless TV Headphones
  • The Best Media Streaming Devices

About your guide

Chris Heinonen

Chris Heinonen is a senior staff writer reporting on TVs, projectors, and sometimes audio gear at Wirecutter. He has been covering AV since for a number of online publications and is an ISF-certified video calibrator. He used to write computer software and hopes to never do that again, and he also loves to run and test gear for running guides.

Sours: https://www.nytimes.com/wirecutter/reviews/best-tv/
This story is part of CNET at 25, celebrating a quarter century of industry tech and our role in telling you its story.

If you could point to one tech trend over the last 25 years, it's that gadgets are getting smaller. Phones, computers, watches -- all pack more power into more compact packages than ever. A quarter century ago a phone was the size of a brick and did nothing but make calls. A PC was a box on a desk with a fat monitor. A watch was pretty much the same size but just told time: It couldn't begin to imagine all the functions we see in today's smartwatches.

TVs took a different path. They got smarter too, but with the advent of flat-panel LCD, plasma and OLED technology they've also grown. A lot. Two decades ago a inch TV was massive and ridiculously heavy -- typically more than pounds and bulky enough to require its own piece of furniture. Today that same screen size is considered too small for many bedrooms and you can get an inconceivably gigantic inch screen for less than $1, 

"Screen sizes keep getting bigger and that has proven to drive interest and demand," said Steven Baker, VP of industry analysis at NPD group. "The No. 1 reason people buy a new TV is for the screen size and I don't expect that to change."

Now playing:Watch this: Watch me set up a TV review lab in my basement

Totally tubeless today


I've been CNET's TV reviewer since , and spent years reviewing TVs for other publications before that, so I've seen a lot of that change in person. I remember getting in a inch widescreen Sony cathode ray tube TV for review (one of the last of its kind and a superb performer) and struggling with a colleague to lift it onto a stand for evaluation. The thing weighed nearly pounds. Today I routinely lift inch LCD and OLED models out of their boxes and onto stands by myself -- especially now that I'm working from home due to the coronavirus pandemic and my coworkers aren't around to help.

I asked Baker for some stats on how TVs have changed along two basic metrics: price and screen size. His earliest numbers were from That's two years after I started at CNET and a time when most TVs were still CRTs and rear-projection models -- just 7% of TVs sold that year were flat-panel. Today every TV sold is a flat-panel TV.

TV size and price averages over 15 years

Screen size Selling price $/sq. inch
$ $
47 $ $

Even though I've been reviewing TVs for that entire year stretch, it's still amazing to me how stark those numbers are. The most impressive is the last one: Calculating from that average size and price, a square inch of screen in cost more than five times as much (!) as it does today -- more than seven times as much if you factor in inflation. Baker says the average price of TVs peaked in between $ and $1,

People have also changed their TV-buying habits in the last 25 years. Baker points out three major trends: The emergence of online retailers such as Amazon; the fact that big-box retailers including Walmart, Target and Costco are selling more TVs both online and in stores; and the willingness of people to buy a new TV without it being a long, drawn-out process. "Price points for high quality, large screen TVs have fallen so much that a broader swath of consumers can easily afford to buy one," he said. In short, it's now a lot easier, and cheaper, to buy a TV.


Buh-bye big black boxes

Before flat TVs came along, the most important factor limiting the mass adoption of big screens wasn't desire -- we've always hungered for a huge, immersive, theatrical picture in our living rooms. It was technology. CRT-based TVs maxed out at 40 inches so if you wanted a bigger screen your only choice was a technology that died eight years ago: rear-projection.

Back in the day you could buy a rear-projection TV that was 65 inches or even larger, but it took up a huge chunk of space and cost a relative fortune. A good example was the Samsung HL-S I reviewed for CNET in This inch TV cost $2, at the time and I called it "a top choice for people who want a p big screen but don't want to break the bank." Yep, nearly three grand for a inch TV was a good value 15 years ago. In fact I told my future father-in-law to buy that same TV and he used it for 12 years before upgrading to an LG OLED.

And that RPTV was a good deal, at least compared to flat-panel TVs at the time. In CNET reviewed one of the first LCD-based TVs, the Sony KDL-VXBR1. It measured 40 inches in size and cost a whopping $4, In succeeding years flat-panel TVs became cheaper to produce and prices quickly fell, helped by models such as the Vizio P50HD, a inch plasma TV that cost "just" $2, -- a tremendous bargain in It took another few years for larger flat-panel TVs to get affordable, however.

Select TVs during the fat-to-flat transition

Year Model Screen size Technology Price
Sony KDXBR inch CRT $2,
Sony KDL-VXBR1 inch LCD $4,
Vizio P50HD inch Plasma $2,
Samsung HL-S inch Rear-projection DLP $2,
Panasonic THPXU inch Plasma $5,
Panasonic TC-P54G10 inch Plasma $1,
Mitsubishi WD inch Rear-projection DLP $1,
Panasonic TC-P65ST60 inch Plasma $2,

The transition from rear-projection to flat-panel was basically complete just three years later with CNET's last RPTV review, the inch Mitsubishi WD In it sold for $1, and although it had an "excellent screen-size-to-price ratio" in my review, the writing was on the wall for these big, ugly black boxes. Mitsubishi was the last company to make a RPTV and it sold its last one in

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Pour one out for plasma

Rear-projection was replaced by plasma among big-screen seekers. For years as a reviewer I steered readers not toward LCD-based flat-panel TVs but toward plasma, another flat-panel TV technology that, in my tests, produced a better picture for less money than LCD. Panasonic led the way with numerous excellent models and Samsung also had some superb examples, with each company striving to outdo the other in image quality with each succeeding year. Eventually the requirement for higher resolution -- namely 4K, which plasma couldn't easily achieve -- and the falling prices of LCD pushed plasma out of the market. 


Panasonic made its last consumer plasma TV for the US in , the excellent ZT60, a set I hailed as being "closer than ever to perfect picture quality." Samsung stopped making new plasmas in the same year although its flagship model, the also excellent F, remained on sale through the following year. It was truly the last great plasma TV.

Those two brands exemplify how betting on the wrong TV technology horse can go awry. Panasonic invested heavily in plasma but after that technology failed it ended up leaving the US entirely in -- and hasn't sold a new TV here since. Samsung invested primarily in LCD and, more recently, in its SUHD and QLED-branded LCD variants, and has enjoyed the No. 1 worldwide market share in TVs for more than a decade.

top 5 market share (units sold)

Samsung 21%
TCL 15%
Vizio 14%
LG 10%
Hisense 5%

"The shift in the last 15 years is clearly the brand change away from the Japanese brands, who were ascendant at that time and the rise of the Korean brands and then more recently the Chinese brands," said Baker. Japan-based manufacturers Mitsubishi, Hitachi and Panasonic were all household TV names in the last 15 years. All have since bowed out of the market to make room for Korean and Chinese brands like Samsung, LG and TCL. 

Sony, a force over the last 25 years and the only major Japanese TV maker remaining today, has seen its market share shrink steadily. It's not even in the Top 5 anymore.

Now playing:Watch this: Celebrating 25 years of CNET

To 85 inches (for $1,) and beyond

I agree with Baker: People will always want bigger, cheaper TVs. The next frontier is almost incomprehensibly huge -- 85 inches -- but today you can buy one for $1, It won't be long before it costs $ or even less. That might be close to the upper limit for traditional flat-panel LCD and OLED tech when you consider shipping and factors like, you know, fitting the thing through a doorway, but modular MicroLED and rollable OLED are two current solutions for that, in addition to good old-fashioned projectors. 

Now playing:Watch this: Samsung The Wall inch MicroLED TV: Huge

Since I started other TV trends have taken hold too. Today's sets have scads of built-in streaming apps, Alexa and Google Assistant voice control, 4K and 8K resolution with high dynamic range and more. But the most noticeable change for me has always been that ballooning size, and as far as I'm concerned it's a good thing. When it comes to home entertainment, bigger really is better.

Sours: https://www.cnet.com/tech/home-entertainment/remember-when-tvs-weighedpounds-a-look-back-at-tv-trends-over-the-years/

Flat 27 screen television

The 5 Best Small TVs - Fall Reviews

The best small TV for gaming is the Sony KDX85J. It's a well-rounded mid-range model that has a few extra gaming features. It's a good choice for gaming in both dark and bright environments, and the built-in Google TV has a ton of apps available to download if you don't want to stream content through your gaming console. Although we tested the 55 inch size, the 43 inch variant should perform the same.

It has a Hz panel with two HDMI inputs, so you can easily play 4k games up to fps from either the Xbox Series X or PS5. It doesn't have any variable refresh rate support at the time of writing, but that should come in a future firmware update. Input lag at Hz is low, and even though it increases a bit with 60Hz content, it's still low enough for competitive gamers. Motion looks smooth thanks to the quick response time, and it has a black frame insertion feature that flickers at Hz. If you game in the dark, it has a fantastic contrast ratio, and it gets bright enough to combat glare for gaming well-lit rooms.

Unfortunately, it doesn't have a local dimming feature to improve the contrast. Also, its reflection handling is just decent, so it's best to avoid placing it opposite a bright window. On the plus side, it displays a wide color gamut and has fantastic out-of-the-box accuracy, so you likely won't need to get it calibrated to enjoy it to the fullest. Overall, it's the best small TV for gaming that we've tested.

See our review

Sours: https://www.rtings.com/tv/reviews/best/small-tvs
Are Curved Monitors Worth It?

This surprised me greatly. I could not even imagine that at eighteen you can still remain a virgin. But Sasha explained that she had promised her mother to keep her virginity until at least eighteen years old. Mother wanted her to first reach a more or less mature age, and only then would she make such serious decisions. She did not dare to break her promise, since she loved her mother very much, especially since they were truly friends and always told each other frankly about everything.

Now discussing:

The member in your hand no longer fit. You looked at him with a joyful smile. Opened and closed the head. I admired. She got down on her knees, continuing to indulge in them, freed her testicles, looked tenderly into her eyes, touched her lips to the completely open.

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