John chapter 7 esv

John chapter 7 esv DEFAULT

v1: A time of teaching in Galilee, not recorded in any detail in John.

v2: The feasts provided an opportunity got Jesus to speak to the people. This time it was the Feast of Tabernacles, see v10,

In , Passover in Jerusalem; in , another feast (Pentecost or Tabernacles) in Jerusalem; in , Passover in Capernaum.

v Unspiritual advice from unspiritual men. Jesus' brothers had the audacity to tell Jesus the right way to fulfil His ministry. These were men who did not believe in Him.

v There was no reason for Jesus' family not to go to the Feast. Jesus went separately, so that He might be there in secret. His timing and decision were not subject to human opinion.

v Jesus had already gained some 'popularity.' There was some division already; for Christ does bring division; no one can have no opinion.

v Jesus did go to the Feast, although partway through.

v Christ's teaching clearly carried an authority, with deep knowledge. Since wisdom comes from knowing God, Christ's wisdom was perfect.

v Obedience and truth go together; understanding God's truth is a fruit of obedience. In contrast, we cannot grow spiritually and increase our understanding if we tolerate disobedience in our own lives. The person who wants to justify his own sins will simply deny the truths of Scripture, or deny its accuracy ('It doesn't really mean that!').

v Jesus speaks of Himself, true and righteous, willing to have His life and testimony examined.

v Jesus referred to Moses; he spoke to Jews who would acknowledge Moses as an important man. His words here refer back to the healing of the man at the pool (,18), where Jesus healed him on a Sabbath day, and also spoke of God as His Father.

Jesus spoke of circumcision as good, part of God's covenant with the people; how much better, He said, that a man be made completely well.

v The Jews were guilty of breaking the law (v19) by having someone circumcised on the Sabbath, see Lev ; Prov ; the Lord challenges their hypocrisy and double standards.

v Contrast v20; there were those who sought to kill Jesus.

v The discussion about Christ reflected their unwillingness to believe in Him.

v Jesus cried out, 'Will you not believe?' Ignorance of the Father is ignorance of the Son; away with your doubts and ponderings, believe in Him and worship Him!

v There were several attempts to seize Jesus, but He escaped from them. He could not die prematurely.

v The fresh challenges brought some to faith. But others held back, thinking that He should perform more signs. The evidence of the gospels is that Jesus performed fewer miracles in Jerusalem.

v See v; Christ's appearance at the Feast became a discussion point; the chief priests and Pharisees became concerned.

v Jesus points forward to His death, at the next Passover, some 8 months later. His departure was imminent; His mission and person unique. He uses words that can only apply to Himself.

In the other gospels, Jesus' prediction of His death began around the transfiguration, which John does not record.

v The Jews did not understand what Jesus meant.

v The end of the Feast, people would be physically thirsty; Jesus' offer is therefore very appropriate; His offer is also greater than anything the Feasts could deliver. Jesus also taught about drinking in chapters 4 and 6.

See Lev , the Feast of Tabernacles, a time of joy, remembering the deliverance from Egypt. This was the final Feast in the Jewish calendar.

The offer, "come to me" is a staggering claim; unless Jesus is God, this is an arrogant but empty promise. As it is, Christ is fully able to deliver what He has promised.

v The promise of v37 is dependent upon people believing in Christ, another clear claim to deity. The alternative is that He is blaspheming.

"Heart," lit. 'womb;' streams of living water flow from a fruitful womb; here is spiritual reproduction, implying blessing for others.

"Streams," or 'rivers' imply satisfaction and abundance in Christ.

v The wonderful future promise; the blessing of the Holy Spirit in our lives. Those who heard Jesus would later share in His life and ministry.

The reference is to the out-pouring of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost; Jesus had then been glorified in returning to Heaven.

v The people were divided because of Jesus; this is important, Matt His words sift His hearers. Their response is the evidence of sifting.

Since the Messiah's background is predicted in the O.T., some of the Jews rightly looked to the O.T. to answer the question of Jesus' Messiah-ship.

v See v32; there were those who wanted to arrest Jesus and silence Him, but He remained unmolested; ; Luke It was not the time for Jesus to die, so the people could not arrest Him.

v The temple guards returned to the chief priests and Pharisees; they had been sent to arrest Jesus, but had failed to do so.

v The realisation that no one could improve on Jesus' words; it was not just what He said, but the power and authority by which He spoke.

v The Pharisees' aggressive reaction;

  • further reasons for rejecting Jesus;
  • the half truth that 'nobody important has believed in Him;'
  • "this mob" is presumably a reference to the common people, who did listen to Jesus; they, it is alleged, were ignorant of the law.

v Nicodemus was fair and reasonable; 'Should we not at least consider this man's claims?' Such reason was rejected by those who were prejudiced.

v The argument of Galilee, v; Matt ; they did not know the whole story, and were probably unwilling to hear it.

v Following their unfinished discussion, the leaders dispersed.

Sours: https://www.biblenotes.org.uk/new-testament/John/7/

Jesus Heals a Centurion's Servant

1After he had finished all his sayings in the hearing of the people, For –10 see parallel Matt. –13he entered Capernaum. 2Now a centurion had a servant Or bondservant; also verses 3, 8, 10 who was sick and at the point of death, who was highly valued by him. 3When the centurion Greek he heard about Jesus, he sent to him elders of the Jews, asking him to come and heal his servant. 4And when they came to Jesus, they pleaded with him earnestly, saying, “He is worthy to have you do this for him, 5for he loves our nation, and he is the one who built us our synagogue.” 6And Jesus went with them. When he was not far from the house, the centurion sent friends, saying to him, “Lord, do not trouble yourself, for I am not worthy to have you come under my roof. 7Therefore I did not presume to come to you. But say the word, and let my servant be healed. 8For I too am a man set under authority, with soldiers under me: and I say to one, ‘Go’, and he goes; and to another, ‘Come’, and he comes; and to my servant, ‘Do this’, and he does it.” 9When Jesus heard these things, he marvelled at him, and turning to the crowd that followed him, said, “I tell you, not even in Israel have I found such faith.”10And when those who had been sent returned to the house, they found the servant well.

Jesus Raises a Widow's Son

11Soon afterwards Some manuscripts The next day he went to a town called Nain, and his disciples and a great crowd went with him. 12As he drew near to the gate of the town, behold, a man who had died was being carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow, and a considerable crowd from the town was with her. 13And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her and said to her, “Do not weep.”14Then he came up and touched the bier, and the bearers stood still. And he said, “Young man, I say to you, arise.”15And the dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus Greek he gave him to his mother. 16Fear seized them all, and they glorified God, saying, “A great prophet has arisen among us!” and “God has visited his people!” 17And this report about him spread through the whole of Judea and all the surrounding country.

Messengers from John the Baptist

For –35 see parallel Matt. –19The disciples of John reported all these things to him. And John, 19calling two of his disciples to him, sent them to the Lord, saying, “Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?” 20And when the men had come to him, they said, “John the Baptist has sent us to you, saying, ‘Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?’ ” 21In that hour he healed many people of diseases and plagues and evil spirits, and on many who were blind he bestowed sight. 22And he answered them, “Go and tell John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, lepers Leprosy was a term for several skin diseases; see Leviticus 13are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the poor have good news preached to themAnd blessed is the one who is not offended by me.”

24When John's messengers had gone, Jesus Greek he began to speak to the crowds concerning John: “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind?25What then did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft clothing? Behold, those who are dressed in splendid clothing and live in luxury are in kings' courtsWhat then did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophetThis is he of whom it is written,

Mal. “ ‘Behold, I send my messenger before your face,

who will prepare your way before you.’

28I tell you, among those born of women none is greater than John. Yet the one who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.”29(When all the people heard this, and the tax collectors too, they declared God just, Greek they justified God having been baptized with the baptism of John, 30but the Pharisees and the lawyers rejected the purpose of God for themselves, not having been baptized by him.)

31“To what then shall I compare the people of this generation, and what are they like?32They are like children sitting in the market-place and calling to one another,

“ ‘We played the flute for you, and you did not dance;

we sang a dirge, and you did not weep.’

33For John the Baptist has come eating no bread and drinking no wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon.’34The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Look at him! A glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’35Yet wisdom is justified by all her children.”

A Sinful Woman Forgiven

36One of the Pharisees asked him to eat with him, and he went into the Pharisee's house and reclined at table. 37And behold, a woman of the city, who was a sinner, when she learned that he was reclining at table in the Pharisee's house, brought an alabaster flask of ointment, 38and standing behind him at his feet, weeping, she began to wet his feet with her tears and wiped them with the hair of her head and kissed his feet and anointed them with the ointment. 39Now when the Pharisee who had invited him saw this, he said to himself, “If this man were a prophet, he would have known who and what sort of woman this is who is touching him, for she is a sinner.” 40And Jesus answering said to him, “Simon, I have something to say to you.” And he answered, “Say it, Teacher.”

41“A certain money-lender had two debtors. One owed five hundred denarii, and the other fiftyWhen they could not pay, he cancelled the debt of both. Now which of them will love him more?”43Simon answered, “The one, I suppose, for whom he cancelled the larger debt.” And he said to him, “You have judged rightly.”44Then turning towards the woman he said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered your house; you gave me no water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hairYou gave me no kiss, but from the time I came in she has not ceased to kiss my feetYou did not anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with ointmentTherefore I tell you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven—for she loved much. But he who is forgiven little, loves little.”48And he said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.”49Then those who were at table with him began to say among Or to themselves, “Who is this, who even forgives sins?” 50And he said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you; go in peace.”

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Sours: https://www.biblesociety.org.uk/explore-the-bible/read/eng/ESV/Luke/7/
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John 7 English Standard Version

The Unbelief of Jesus' Brethren

71 After this Jesus went about in Galilee. He would not go about in Judea, because the Jews were seeking to kill him. 2 Now the Jews&#; Feast of Booths was at hand. 3 So his brothers said to him, "Leave here and go to Judea, that your disciples also may see the works you are doing. 4 For no one works in secret if he seeks to be known openly. If you do these things, show yourself to the world." 5 For not even his brothers believed in him. 6 Jesus said to them, "My time has not yet come, but your time is always here.7 The world cannot hate you, but it hates me because I testify about it that its works are evil.8 You go up to the feast. I am not going up to this feast, for my time has not yet fully come."9 After saying this, he remained in Galilee.

Jesus at the Feast of Tabernacles

10 But after his brothers had gone up to the feast, then he also went up, not publicly but in private. 11 The Jews were looking for him at the feast, and saying, "Where is he?" 12 And there was much muttering about him among the people. While some said, "He is a good man," others said, "No, he is leading the people astray." 13 Yet for fear of the Jews no one spoke openly of him.

14 About the middle of the feast Jesus went up into the temple and began teaching. 15 The Jews therefore marveled, saying, "How is it that this man has learning, when he has never studied?" 16 So Jesus answered them, "My teaching is not mine, but his who sent me.17  If anyone&#;s will is to do God&#;s will, he will know whether the teaching is from God or whether I am speaking on my own authority.18 The one who speaks on his own authority seeks his own glory; but the one who seeks the glory of him who sent him is true, and in him there is no falsehood.19  Has not Moses given you the law? Yet none of you keeps the law. Why do you seek to kill me?"20 The crowd answered, "You have a demon! Who is seeking to kill you?" 21 Jesus answered them, "I did one work, and you all marvel at it.22  Moses gave you circumcision (not that it is from Moses, but from the fathers), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath.23 If on the Sabbath a man receives circumcision, so that the law of Moses may not be broken, are you angry with me because on the Sabbath I made a man&#;s whole body well?24  Do not judge by appearances, but judge with right judgment."

Is This the Christ?

25 Some of the people of Jerusalem therefore said, "Is not this the man whom they seek to kill? 26 And here he is, speaking openly, and they say nothing to him! Can it be that the authorities really know that this is the Christ? 27 But we know where this man comes from, and when the Christ appears, no one will know where he comes from." 28 So Jesus proclaimed, as he taught in the temple, "You know me, and you know where I come from? But I have not come of my own accord. He who sent me is true, and him you do not know.29  I know him, for I come from him, and he sent me."30 So they were seeking to arrest him, but no one laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come. 31 Yet many of the people believed in him. They said, "When the Christ appears, will he do more signs than this man has done?"

Officers Sent to Arrest Jesus

32 The Pharisees heard the crowd muttering these things about him, and the chief priests and Pharisees sent officers to arrest him. 33 Jesus then said, "I will be with you a little longer, and then I am going to him who sent me.34  You will seek me and you will not find me. Where I am you cannot come."35 The Jews said to one another, "Where does this man intend to go that we will not find him? Does he intend to go to the Dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks? 36 What does he mean by saying, &#;You will seek me and you will not find me,&#; and, &#;Where I am you cannot come&#;?"

Rivers of Living Water

37 On the last day of the feast, the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, "If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink.38 Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, &#;Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.&#;"39 Now this he said about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were to receive, for as yet the Spirit had not been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

Division among the People

40 When they heard these words, some of the people said, "This really is the Prophet." 41 Others said, "This is the Christ." But some said, "Is the Christ to come from Galilee? 42 Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the offspring of David, and comes from Bethlehem, the village where David was?" 43 So there was a division among the people over him. 44 Some of them wanted to arrest him, but no one laid hands on him.

The Unbelief of Those in Authority

45 The officers then came to the chief priests and Pharisees, who said to them, "Why did you not bring him?" 46 The officers answered, "No one ever spoke like this man!" 47 The Pharisees answered them, "Have you also been deceived? 48 Have any of the authorities or the Pharisees believed in him? 49 But this crowd that does not know the law is accursed." 50 Nicodemus, who had gone to him before, and who was one of them, said to them, 51 "Does our law judge a man without first giving him a hearing and learning what he does?" 52 They replied, "Are you from Galilee too? Search and see that no prophet arises from Galilee."

The Woman Caught in Adultery

53 [[They went each to his own house,

Sours: https://www.christianity.com/bible/bible.php?q=John+7&ver=esv

The Healing at the Pool on the Sabbath

AfterthistherewasaofeastoftheJews,andJesuswentuptoJerusalem.

NowthereisinJerusalembyptheSheepGateapool,inAramaiccalledBethesda,whichhasfiveroofedcolonnades.Intheselayamultitudeofinvalidsblind,lame,andqparalyzed.Onemanwastherewhohadbeenaninvalidforthirty-eightyears.WhenJesussawhimlyingthereandknewthathehadalreadybeentherealongtime,hesaidtohim,Doyouwanttobehealed?Thesickmanansweredhim,Sir,Ihavenoonetoputmeintothepoolwhenthewaterisstirredup,andwhileIamgoinganotherstepsdownbeforeme.Jesussaidtohim,rGetup,takeupyourbed,andwalk.rAndatoncethemanwashealed,andhetookuphisbedandwalked.

sNowthatdaywastheSabbath.10 SotheJewssaidtothemanwhohadbeenhealed,ItistheSabbath,andtitisnotlawfulforyoutotakeupyourbed.11 Butheansweredthem,Themanwhohealedme,thatmansaidtome,Takeupyourbed,andwalk.12 Theyaskedhim,Whoisthemanwhosaidtoyou,Takeupyourbedandwalk?13 Nowthemanwhohadbeenhealeddidnotknowwhoitwas,foruJesushadwithdrawn,astherewasacrowdintheplace.14 AfterwardJesusfoundhiminthetempleandsaidtohim,See,youarewell!vSinnomore,wthatnothingworsemayhappentoyou.15 ThemanwentawayandtoldtheJewsthatitwasJesuswhohadhealedhim.16 AndthiswaswhytheJewsxwerepersecutingJesus,ybecausehewasdoingthesethingsontheSabbath.17 ButJesusansweredthem,MyFatherisworkinguntilnow,andIamworking.

Jesus Is Equal with God

18 ThiswaswhytheJewszwereseekingallthemoretokillhim,abecausenotonlywashebbreakingtheSabbath,buthewasevencallingGodchisownFather,dmakinghimselfequalwithGod.

The Authority of the Son

19 SoJesussaidtothem,Truly,truly,Isaytoyou,etheSonfcandonothingofhisownaccord,butonlywhatheseestheFatherdoing.ForwhatevertheFatherdoes,thattheSondoeslikewise.20 ForgtheFatherlovestheSonandshowshimallthathehimselfisdoing.Andhgreaterworksthanthesewillheshowhim,sothatiyoumaymarvel.21 ForastheFatherjraisesthedeadandkgivesthemlife,solalsotheSongiveslifemtowhomhewill.22 nFortheFatherjudgesnoone,butohasgivenalljudgmenttotheSon,23 thatallmayhonortheSon,justastheyphonortheFather.qWhoeverdoesnothonortheSondoesnothonortheFatherwhosenthim.24 Truly,truly,Isaytoyou,rwhoeverhearsmywordandsbelieveshimwhosentmehaseternallife.Hetdoesnotcomeintojudgment,butuhaspassedfromdeathtolife.

25 Truly,truly,Isaytoyou,vanhouriscoming,andisnowhere,whenwthedeadwillhearxthevoiceoftheSonofGod,andthosewhohearwwilllive.26 yForastheFatherhaslifeinhimself,zsohehasgrantedtheSonalsotohavelifeinhimself.27 Andheahasgivenhimauthoritytoexecutejudgment,becauseheistheSonofMan.28 Donotmarvelatthis,forvanhouriscomingwhenballwhoareinthetombswillhearhisvoice29 andcomeout,cthosewhohavedonegoodtotheresurrectionoflife,andthosewhohavedoneeviltotheresurrectionofjudgment.

Witnesses to Jesus

30 dIcandonothingonmyown.AsIhear,Ijudge,andemyjudgmentisjust,becausefIseeknotmyownwillgbutthewillofhimwhosentme.31 hIfIalonebearwitnessaboutmyself,mytestimonyisnottrue.32 Thereisianotherwhobearswitnessaboutme,andjIknowthatthetestimonythathebearsaboutmeistrue.33 kYousenttoJohn,andhehasbornewitnesstothetruth.34 NotthatlthetestimonythatIreceiveisfromman,butIsaythesethingssothatyoumaybesaved.35 Hewasaburningandmshininglamp,andnyouwerewillingtorejoiceforawhileinhislight.36 ButlthetestimonythatIhaveisgreaterthanthatofJohn.ForotheworksthattheFatherhasgivenmeptoaccomplish,theveryworksthatIamdoing,qbearwitnessaboutmethatrtheFatherhassentme.37 AndtheFatherwhosentmeshashimselfbornewitnessaboutme.Hisvoiceyouhaveneverheard,thisformyouhaveneverseen,38 anduyoudonothavehiswordabidinginyou,foryoudonotbelievetheonewhomhehassent.39 vYousearchtheScripturesbecauseyouthinkthatinthemyouhaveeternallife;andwitistheythatbearwitnessaboutme,40 yetxyourefusetocometomethatyoumayhavelife.41 yIdonotreceivegloryfrompeople.42 ButzIknowthatyoudonothaveatheloveofGodwithinyou.43 IhavecomebinmyFather’sname,andcyoudonotreceiveme.dIfanothercomesinhisownname,youwillreceivehim.44 Howcanyoubelieve,whenyoureceivegloryfromoneanotherandedonotseektheglorythatcomesfromftheonlyGod?45 DonotthinkthatIwillaccuseyoutotheFather.Thereisonewhoaccusesyou:Moses,gonwhomyouhavesetyourhope.46 ForifyoubelievedMoses,youwouldbelieveme;forhhewroteofme.47 Butiifyoudonotbelievehiswritings,howwillyoubelievemywords?

Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand

AfterthisjJesuswentawaytotheothersideofktheSeaofGalilee,whichisltheSeaofTiberias.Andalargecrowdwasfollowinghim,becausetheysawthesignsthathewasdoingonthesick.Jesuswentuponmthemountain,andtherehesatdownwithhisdisciples.NownthePassover,theofeastoftheJews,wasathand.pLiftinguphiseyes,then,andseeingthatalargecrowdwascomingtowardhim,JesussaidtoqPhilip,Wherearewetobuybread,sothatthesepeoplemayeat?Hesaidthistotesthim,forhehimselfknewwhathewoulddo.rPhilipansweredhim,Twohundreddenariiworthofbreadwouldnotbeenoughforeachofthemtogetalittle.Oneofhisdisciples,sAndrew,SimonPeter’sbrother,saidtohim,Thereisaboyherewhohasfivetbarleyloavesandtwofish,buttwhataretheyforsomany?10 Jesussaid,Havethepeoplesitdown.uNowtherewasmuchgrassintheplace.Sothemensatdown,aboutfivethousandinnumber.11 Jesusthentooktheloaves,andvwhenhehadgiventhanks,hedistributedthemtothosewhowereseated.Soalsothefish,asmuchastheywanted.12 Andwhentheyhadeatentheirfill,hetoldhisdisciples,Gatheruptheleftoverfragments,thatnothingmaybelost.13 Sotheygatheredthemupandfilledtwelvebasketswithfragmentsfromthefivebarleyloavesleftbythosewhohadeaten.14 Whenthepeoplesawthesignthathehaddone,theysaid,wThisisindeedxtheProphetywhoistocomeintotheworld!

15 zPerceivingthenthattheywereabouttocomeandtakehimbyforcetomakehimking,Jesusawithdrewagaintobthemountainbyhimself.

Jesus Walks on Water

16 Wheneveningcame,hisdiscipleswentdowntothesea,17 gotintoaboat,andstartedacrosstheseatoCapernaum.Itwasnowdark,andJesushadnotyetcometothem.18 Theseabecameroughbecauseastrongwindwasblowing.19 Whentheyhadrowedaboutthreeorfourmiles,theysawJesuswalkingontheseaandcomingneartheboat,andtheywerefrightened.20 cButhesaidtothem,ItisI;donotbeafraid.21 Thentheyweregladtotakehimintotheboat,andimmediatelytheboatwasatthelandtowhichtheyweregoing.

I Am the Bread of Life

22 Onthenextdaythecrowdthatremainedontheothersideoftheseasawthattherehadbeenonlydoneboatthere,andthatJesushadnotenteredtheboatwithhisdisciples,butthathisdiscipleshadgoneawayalone.23 OtherboatsfromTiberiascameneartheplacewheretheyhadeatenthebreadaftertheLordehadgiventhanks.24 fSowhenthecrowdsawthatJesuswasnotthere,norhisdisciples,theythemselvesgotintotheboatsandgwenttoCapernaum,seekingJesus.

25 Whentheyfoundhimontheothersideofthesea,theysaidtohim,hRabbi,whendidyoucomehere?26 Jesusansweredthem,Truly,truly,Isaytoyou,iyouareseekingme,notbecauseyousawjsigns,butbecauseyouateyourfilloftheloaves.27 kDonotworkforthefoodthatperishes,butforlthefoodthatendurestoeternallife,whichmtheSonofManwillgivetoyou.ForonnhimGodtheFatherhasosethisseal.28 Thentheysaidtohim,Whatmustwedo,tobedoingptheworksofGod?29 Jesusansweredthem,ThisistheworkofGod,qthatyoubelieveinhimwhomrhehassent.30 Sotheysaidtohim,sThenwhatsigndoyoudo,thatwemayseeandbelieveyou?Whatworkdoyouperform?31 tOurfathersatethemannainthewilderness;asitiswritten,uHegavethembreadfromheaventoeat.32 Jesusthensaidtothem,Truly,truly,Isaytoyou,itwasnotMoseswhogaveyouthebreadfromheaven,butmyFathergivesyouthetruebreadfromheaven.33 ForthebreadofGodisvhewhocomesdownfromheavenandgiveslifetotheworld.34 Theysaidtohim,wSir,giveusthisbreadalways.

35 Jesussaidtothem,xIamthebreadoflife;ywhoevercomestomeshallnothunger,andwhoeverbelievesinmeshallneverthirst.36 ButIsaidtoyouthatyouhaveseenmeandyetdonotbelieve.37 zAllthatatheFathergivesmewillcometome,andbwhoevercomestomeIwillnevercastout.38 ForcIhavecomedownfromheaven,nottododmyownwillbutdthewillofhimewhosentme.39 Andfthisisthewillofhimwhosentme,gthatIshouldlosenothingofhallthathehasgivenme,butiraiseituponthelastday.40 ForthisisthewillofmyFather,thateveryonewhojlooksontheSonandkbelievesinhimlshouldhaveeternallife,andIwillraisehimuponthelastday.

41 SotheJewsgrumbledabouthim,becausehesaid,mIamthebreadthatcamedownfromheaven.42 Theysaid,nIsnotthisJesus,othesonofJoseph,whosefatherandmotherpweknow?Howdoeshenowsay,Ihavecomedownfromheaven?43 Jesusansweredthem,Donotgrumbleamongyourselves.44 NoonecancometomeunlesstheFatherwhosentmeqdrawshim.AndrIwillraisehimuponthelastday.45 ItiswrittenintheProphets,sAndtheywillallbettaughtbyGod.uEveryonewhohasheardandlearnedfromtheFathercomestome46 vnotthatanyonehasseentheFatherexceptwhewhoisfromGod;hexhasseentheFather.47 Truly,truly,Isaytoyou,ywhoeverbelieveshaseternallife.48 zIamthebreadoflife.49 aYourfathersatethemannainthewilderness,andbtheydied.50 cThisisthebreadthatcomesdownfromheaven,sothatonemayeatofitdandnotdie.51 Iamthelivingbreadethatcamedownfromheaven.Ifanyoneeatsofthisbread,hewillliveforever.AndthebreadthatIwillgivefforthelifeoftheworldisgmyflesh.

52 TheJewsthenhdisputedamongthemselves,saying,iHowcanthismangiveushisfleshtoeat?53 SoJesussaidtothem,Truly,truly,Isaytoyou,unlessyoueatthefleshofjtheSonofMananddrinkhisblood,youkhavenolifeinyou.54 Whoeverfeedsonmyfleshanddrinksmybloodlhaseternallife,andmIwillraisehimuponthelastday.55 Formyfleshistruefood,andmybloodistruedrink.56 Whoeverfeedsonmyfleshanddrinksmybloodnabidesinme,andIinhim.57 AsothelivingFatherpsentme,andqIlivebecauseoftheFather,sowhoeverfeedsonme,healsowilllivebecauseofme.58 rThisisthebreadthatcamedownfromheaven,notlikethebreadthefathersate,anddied.Whoeverfeedsonthisbreadwillliveforever.59 Jesussaidthesethingsinthesynagogue,ashetaughtsatCapernaum.

The Words of Eternal Life

60 tWhenmanyofhisdisciplesheardit,theysaid,Thisisahardsaying;whocanlistentoit?61 ButJesus,vknowinginhimselfthathisdisciplesweregrumblingaboutthis,saidtothem,Doyoutakeoffenseatthis?62 ThenwhatifyouweretoseewtheSonofManxascendingtoywherehewasbefore?63 zItistheSpiritwhogiveslife;athefleshisnohelpatall.bThewordsthatIhavespokentoyouarespiritandlife.64 Butctherearesomeofyouwhodonotbelieve.(ForJesusvknewfromthebeginningwhothosewerewhodidnotbelieve,anddwhoitwaswhowouldbetrayhim.)65 Andhesaid,ThisiswhyItoldyouethatnoonecancometomeunlessitisgrantedhimbytheFather.

66 fAfterthismanyofhisdisciplesturnedbackandnolongerwalkedwithhim.67 SoJesussaidtogthetwelve,Doyouwanttogoawayaswell?68 SimonPeteransweredhim,Lord,towhomshallwego?Youhavehthewordsofeternallife,69 andiwehavebelieved,andhavecometoknow,thatjyouarektheHolyOneofGod.70 Jesusansweredthem,lDidInotchooseyou,gthetwelve?Andyetoneofyouismadevil.71 HespokeofJudasnthesonofSimonIscariot,forohe,oneofthetwelve,wasgoingtobetrayhim.

Jesus at the Feast of Booths

AfterthisJesuswentaboutinGalilee.HewouldnotgoaboutinJudea,becauseptheJewswereseekingtokillhim.NowqtheJews’FeastofrBoothswasathand.sSohisbrotherssaidtohim,LeavehereandgotoJudea,thatyourdisciplesalsomayseetheworksyouaredoing.Fornooneworksinsecretifheseekstobeknownopenly.Ifyoudothesethings,tshowyourselftotheworld.uFornotevenvhisbrothersbelievedinhim.Jesussaidtothem,wMytimehasnotyetcome,butyourtimeisalwayshere.Theworldcannothateyou,butxithatesmebecauseItestifyaboutitthatyitsworksareevil.Yougouptothefeast.Iamnotgoinguptothisfeast,forzmytimehasnotyetfullycome.Aftersayingthis,heremainedinGalilee.

10 Butafterahisbrothershadgoneuptothefeast,thenhealsowentup,notpubliclybutinprivate.11 bTheJewscwerelookingforhimatthefeast,andsaying,Whereishe?12 Andtherewasmuchdmutteringabouthimamongthepeople.eWhilesomesaid,Heisagoodman,otherssaid,No,fheisleadingthepeopleastray.13 YetgforfearoftheJewsnoonespokeopenlyofhim.

14 AboutthemiddleofthefeastJesuswentuphintothetempleandbeganteaching.15 TheJewsthereforeimarveled,saying,Howisitthatthismanhaslearning,whenhehasneverstudied?16 SoJesusansweredthem,jMyteachingisnotmine,buthiskwhosentme.17 lIfanyone’swillistodoGod’swill,mhewillknowwhethertheteachingisfromGodorwhetherInamspeakingonmyownauthority.18 Theonewhospeaksonhisownauthorityoseekshisownglory;buttheonewhoseeksthegloryofhimwhosenthimistrue,andinhimthereisnofalsehood.19 pHasnotMosesgivenyouthelaw?Yetnoneofyoukeepsthelaw.qWhydoyouseektokillme?20 Thecrowdanswered,rYouhaveademon!Whoisseekingtokillyou?21 Jesusansweredthem,Ididsonework,andyouallmarvelatit.22 tMosesgaveyoucircumcision(notthatitisfromMoses,butufromthefathers),andyoucircumciseamanontheSabbath.23 IfontheSabbathamanreceivescircumcision,sothatthelawofMosesmaynotbebroken,vareyouangrywithmebecauseontheSabbathImadeaman’swholebodywell?24 wDonotjudgebyappearances,butjudgewithrightjudgment.

Can This Be the Christ?

25 SomeofthepeopleofJerusalemthereforesaid,Isnotthisthemanwhomxtheyseektokill?26 Andhereheis,yspeakingopenly,andtheysaynothingtohim!CanitbethatztheauthoritiesreallyknowthatthisistheChrist?27 Butaweknowbwherethismancomesfrom,andwhentheChristappears,cnoonewillknowwherehecomesfrom.28 SoJesusproclaimed,dashetaughtinthetemple,aYouknowme,andyouknowwhereIcomefrom.ButeIhavenotcomeofmyownaccord.fHewhosentmeistrue,gandhimyoudonotknow.29 hIknowhim,forIcomeifromhim,andjhesentme.30 kSotheywereseekingtoarresthim,butlnoonelaidahandonhim,mbecausehishourhadnotyetcome.31 Yetnmanyofthepeoplebelievedinhim.Theysaid,oWhentheChristappears,willhedomoresignsthanthismanhasdone?

Officers Sent to Arrest Jesus

32 ThePhariseesheardthecrowdpmutteringthesethingsabouthim,andthechiefpriestsandPhariseessentqofficerstoarresthim.33 Jesusthensaid,rIwillbewithyoualittlelonger,andthensIamgoingtohimwhosentme.34 tYouwillseekmeandyouwillnotfindme.WhereIamyoucannotcome.35 TheJewssaidtooneanother,Wheredoesthismanintendtogothatwewillnotfindhim?uDoesheintendtogotovtheDispersionamongwtheGreeksandteachtheGreeks?36 Whatdoeshemeanbysaying,xYouwillseekmeandyouwillnotfindme,and,WhereIamyoucannotcome?

Rivers of Living Water

37 yOnthelastdayofthefeast,thegreatday,Jesusstoodupandcriedout,zIfanyonethirsts,lethimacometomeanddrink.38 Whoeverbelievesinme,bastheScripturehassaid,cOutofhisheartwillflowriversofdlivingwater.39 NowethishesaidabouttheSpirit,fwhomthosewhobelievedinhimweretoreceive,gforasyettheSpirithadnotbeenhgiven,ibecauseJesuswasnotyetglorified.

Division Among the People

40 Whentheyheardthesewords,jsomeofthepeoplesaid,ThisreallyisktheProphet.41 Otherssaid,ThisisltheChrist.Butsomesaid,mIstheChristtocomefromGalilee?42 HasnottheScripturesaidthattheChristcomesnfromtheoffspringofDavid,andcomesofromBethlehem,thevillagepwhereDavidwas?43 Sotherewasqadivisionamongthepeopleoverhim.44 rSomeofthemwantedtoarresthim,butnoonelaidhandsonhim.

45 sTheofficersthencametothechiefpriestsandPharisees,whosaidtothem,Whydidyounotbringhim?46 Theofficersanswered,tNooneeverspokelikethisman!47 ThePhariseesansweredthem,uHaveyoualsobeendeceived?48 vHaveanyoftheauthoritiesorthePhariseesbelievedinhim?49 Butthiscrowdthatdoesnotknowthelawisaccursed.50 wNicodemus,whohadgonetohimbefore,andwhowasoneofthem,saidtothem,51 xDoesourlawjudgeamanwithoutfirstygivinghimahearingandlearningwhathedoes?52 Theyreplied,zAreyoufromGalileetoo?SearchandseethatanoprophetarisesfromGalilee.

[Theearliestmanuscriptsdonotinclude7:538:11.]

The Woman Caught in Adultery

53 [[Theywenteachtohisownhouse,

butJesuswenttotheMountofOlives.bEarlyinthemorninghecameagaintothetemple.Allthepeoplecametohim,andchesatdownandtaughtthem.ThescribesandthePhariseesbroughtawomanwhohadbeencaughtinadultery,andplacingherinthemidsttheysaidtohim,Teacher,thiswomanhasbeencaughtintheactofadultery.NowdintheLaw,Mosescommandedusetostonesuchwomen.Sowhatdoyousay?Thistheysaidftotesthim,gthattheymighthavesomechargetobringagainsthim.Jesusbentdownandwrotewithhisfingerontheground.Andastheycontinuedtoaskhim,hestoodupandsaidtothem,hLethimwhoiswithoutsinamongyouibethefirsttothrowastoneather.Andoncemorehebentdownandwroteontheground.Butwhentheyheardit,theywentawayonebyone,beginningwiththeolderones,andJesuswasleftalonewiththewomanstandingbeforehim.10 Jesusstoodupandsaidtoher,Woman,wherearethey?Hasnoonecondemnedyou?11 Shesaid,Noone,Lord.AndJesussaid,jNeitherdoIcondemnyou;go,andfromnowonksinnomore.]]

I Am the Light of the World

12 lAgainJesusspoketothem,saying,mIamthelightoftheworld.Whoevernfollowsmewillnotowalkindarkness,butwillhavethelightoflife.13 SothePhariseessaidtohim,pYouarebearingwitnessaboutyourself;yourtestimonyisnottrue.14 Jesusanswered,EvenifIdobearwitnessaboutmyself,qmytestimonyistrue,forIknowrwhereIcamefromandswhereIamgoing,buttyoudonotknowwhereIcomefromorwhereIamgoing.

Sours: https://www.esv.org/Jn/

7 esv chapter john

John 7 &#; At the Feast of Tabernacles

A. Jesus goes up to Jerusalem in secret.

1. () In Galilee as the Feast of Tabernacles approaches.

After these things Jesus walked in Galilee; for He did not want to walk in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill Him. Now the Jews’ Feast of Tabernacles was at hand.

a. He did not want to walk in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill Him: It was not a lack of courage that made Jesus stay in Galilee, but an awareness of the Father’s perfect timing &#; and it was not time yet for Him to be arrested and delivered to the Gentiles.

b. Feast of Tabernacles: This was a joyful, weeklong celebration in September or October when families camped out in temporary shelters to remember God’s faithfulness to Israel in the wilderness on the way from Egypt to Canaan under Moses.

i. “The Hebrews called it the festival of booths (sukkoth), because for the full week that it lasted people lived in makeshift booths of branches and leaves (cf. Leviticus ); town-dwellers erected them in their courtyards or on their flat housetops.” (Bruce)

2. () The unbelief and opposition of the brothers of Jesus against Him.

His brothers therefore said to Him, “Depart from here and go into Judea, that Your disciples also may see the works that You are doing. For no one does anything in secret while he himself seeks to be known openly. If You do these things, show Yourself to the world.” For even His brothers did not believe in Him.

a. His brothers therefore said to Him: Some are surprised to read that the Bible says Jesus had brothers, but this is one plain reference. John already mentioned the brothers of Jesus at John , and Matthew wrote of the brothers of Jesus at Matthew In Matthew , the sisters of Jesus were described.

i. “Our blessed Lord, it is true, was her first born, while she was yet a virgin; but no man can prove that he was her last. It is an article of faith, in the Popish Church, to believe in the perpetual virginity of Mary; and in this respect, without any reason, several Protestants seem to be Papists.” (Clarke)

b. Go into Judea, that Your disciples also may see the works that you are doing&#; If You do these things, show Yourself to the world: Jesus’ brothers told Him to prove Himself the Messiah on a bigger platform, Jerusalem &#; the center of Judaism.

i. The people of Jerusalem often looked down on the Jews of Galilee. Since Jesus did most of His miraculous works there, it gave the religious leaders in Jerusalem another reason to say that Jesus wasn’t the Messiah, because He didn’t do most of His work in front of the right audience.

ii. “It was widely believed that when the Messiah came he would make himself publically known in some spectacular way.” (Bruce) The Living Bible gives a good sense of this: You can’t be famous when you hide like this! If you’re so great, prove it to the world!

iii. “They imagined His glory to be limited to demonstrations of His miraculous powers, whereas in reality it could only be supremely displayed by His crucifixion.” (Tasker)

iv. “His brethren were thinking that His success depended on the world’s attitude to Him: in other words, they believed in the world rather than in Him.” (Trench)

c. For even His brothers did not believe in Him: Remarkably, the brothers of Jesus never seemed to be supportive of His ministry before His death and resurrection, (see also Mark ). After His resurrection the brothers of Jesus were numbered among the disciples (Acts ).

i. “This does not mean that they did not believe He wrought miracles, but that they had not submitted to His claim to be Messiah.” (Dods)

ii. “Many a man faced with cruel opposition in public life has been sustained by the faith and faithfulness of his kith and kin. Jesus was denied this solace.” (Morris)

iii. “The emphatic expression, for even his brethren, &c., is a strong corroboration of the view that they were really and literally brethren.” (Alford)

3. () Jesus’ reply: we are of different worlds.

Then Jesus said to them, “My time has not yet come, but your time is always ready. The world cannot hate you, but it hates Me because I testify of it that its works are evil. You go up to this feast. I am not yet going up to this feast, for My time has not yet fully come.” When He had said these things to them, He remained in Galilee.

a. My time has not yet come, but your time is always ready: Because Jesus was completely submitted to the will of the Father, the timing of God the Father was important. The brothers of Jesus were not submitted to God’s will in the same way, so any time was fine with them.

i. My time: “In this passage the word is kairos, which characteristically means an opportunity; that is, the best time to do something, the moment when circumstances are most suitable.” (Barclay)

ii. As Jesus obeyed His Father, He lived out the truth that God’s timing is an important expression of His will. Something may be in God’s will but not yet in His timing.

b. The world cannot hate you, but it hates Me because I testify of it that its works are evil: The brothers of Jesus agreed with the common opinions of their day about good and evil &#; therefore the world could not hate them. Jesus boldly confronted the sins of His age, and was therefore the target of much hatred.

i. The world cannot hate you: “There is no danger of your incurring the world’s hatred by anything you do or say; because your wishes and actions are in the world’s own spirit.” (Dods)

c. I am not yet going up to the feast: Some compare this statement with what it says in John (He also went up to the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret) as if they caught Jesus in a lie. Schopenhauer, the German philosopher of pessimism, pompously wrote: “Jesus Christ of set purpose did utter a falsehood.” (Barclay) But Christians have observed for centuries that if Jesus said He would not go publicly as to attract attention (as His brothers wanted), but that did not preclude Him from going up privately.

4. () Jesus goes up to Jerusalem, where many secretly discuss Him.

But when His brothers had gone up, then He also went up to the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret. Then the Jews sought Him at the feast, and said, “Where is He?” And there was much complaining among the people concerning Him. Some said, “He is good”; others said, “No, on the contrary, He deceives the people.” However, no one spoke openly of Him for fear of the Jews.

a. When His brothers had gone up, then he also went up to the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret: Jesus did not go with His brothers in one of the large processions of travelers from Galilee to Jerusalem at feast time. He went after them, traveling alone &#; almost (as it were) in secret.

i. Not openly: “Not in the usual caravan-company, nor probably by the usual way.” (Alford) “That is to say, He went up, but not at His brothers’ instigation, nor with the publicity they had recommended.” (Dods)

ii. “The secret departure for Jerusalem was not an act of deception. It was an attempt to avoid unwelcome publicity. Jesus’ enemies were watching for him, obviously for the purpose of arresting him.” (Tenney)

b. There was much complaining among the people concerning Him: They complained because they wanted Jesus to fulfill their wishes for the Messiah, and to fulfill them now &#; when they wanted them.

c. Some said, “He is good”; others said, “No, on the contrary, He deceives the people”: Then as well as now, Jesus divides people. Those who heard Him and knew Him couldn’t remain neutral. They decided one way or another regarding who Jesus was, either good or a deceiver.

d. However, no one spoke openly of Him: They religious leaders did not want people to talk about Jesus at all. The common people feared some penalty of problem from the religious leaders if they were heard speaking openly of Jesus.

i. “Whether they approved of disapproved of him, they did not voice their opinions too loudly or too publicly. The authorities did not wish him to be discussed at all, and any one who disregarded their wishes was liable to feel their displeasure.” (Bruce)

B. Jesus answers objections and teaches.

1. () The religious leaders object that Jesus isn’t educated.

Now about the middle of the feast Jesus went up into the temple and taught. And the Jews marveled, saying, “How does this Man know letters, having never studied?” Jesus answered them and said, “My doctrine is not Mine, but His who sent Me. If anyone wants to do His will, he shall know concerning the doctrine, whether it is from God or whether I speak on My own authority. He who speaks from himself seeks his own glory; but He who seeks the glory of the One who sent Him is true, and no unrighteousness is in Him.”

a. Jesus went up into the temple and taught: Though Jesus avoided a grand entrance, when He came to Jerusalem in His Father’s timing, He taught boldly. He never shrank back from proclaiming the truth.

b. How does this Man know letters, having never studied: The Jewish leaders knew that Jesus had not studied or been a disciple under a prominent rabbi (as Paul studied under Gamaliel, Acts ). Jesus did not follow the normal and expected course of education for a teacher.

i. The sense of know letters is “Particularly, scripture-learning &#; perhaps because this was all the literature of the Jews. Probably His teaching consisted in exposition of the Scripture.” (Alford) “His skill in interpreting Scripture and His knowledge of it is what is referred to.” (Dods)

ii. If they could have condemned Jesus on some false doctrine or wrong understanding of Scripture, they would have. Since they could not, they attack the credentials of Jesus. “These words are spoken in the true bigotry and prejudice of so-called ‘learning.’” (Alford)

c. My doctrine is not Mine, but His who sent Me: Jesus didn’t point to His credentials, but to His doctrine. It was as if He said, “I don’t have a seminary degree, but judge Me by My doctrine.” If the Jewish leaders listened carefully to the doctrine of Jesus, they would know that it was all rooted in the Old Testament Scriptures, and that it was from God.

i. “Our blessed Lord, in the character of Messiah, might as well say, My doctrine is not mine, as an ambassador might say, I speak not my own words, but his who sent me: and he speaks these words to draw the attention of the Jews from the teaching of man to the teaching of God.” (Clarke)

d. My doctrine is not Mine, but His who sent Me: Jesus was an eloquent, gifted teacher, but He was not self taught; Jesus was God taught. His authority was not from any man, but from His Father.

i. Jesus didn’t claim to be self-taught; He claimed to be God-taught, practically inviting His listeners to examine His teachings according to the Scriptures.

ii. There is a great spiritual principle behind the words, If anyone wills to do His will, he shall know concerning the doctrine. “Spiritual understanding is not produced solely by learning facts or procedures, but rather it depends on obedience to known truth.” (Tenney)

e. He who seeks the glory of the One who sent Him is true, and no unrighteousness is in Him: Jesus contrasted Himself with the one who speaks from himself and who seeks his own glory. Jesus was different.

· Jesus sought the glory of God.

· Jesus is true.

· Jesus has no unrighteousness in Him.

i. In a sense, Jesus gave us two measures of a true teacher.

· Does the teaching come from God? That is, is it according to the revealed Word of God?

· Does the work give glory to God?

2. () The people object that Jesus is crazy, and has a demon.

“Did not Moses give you the law, yet none of you keeps the law? Why do you seek to kill Me?” The people answered and said, “You have a demon. Who is seeking to kill You?” Jesus answered and said to them, “I did one work, and you all marvel. Moses therefore gave you circumcision (not that it is from Moses, but from the fathers), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath. If a man receives circumcision on the Sabbath, so that the law of Moses should not be broken, are you angry with Me because I made a man completely well on the Sabbath? Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment.”

a. None of you keeps the law: Jesus just stated that He was absolutely sinless and true, always seeking the glory of God in heaven (John ). In contrast to Jesus, the religious leaders did not keep the law. They had the law (Did not Moses give you the law), but did not keep it.

b. Why do you seek to kill Me? In following the thought of Jesus, He said something like this: “I am sinless and none of you keep the law. Why then do you seek to kill Me? You are the ones guilty under the law, not I.”

c. You have a demon. Who is seeking to kill You? The people didn’t know that the rulers wanted to kill Jesus because He healed a man on the Sabbath (John ). They thought Jesus was crazy and perhaps paranoid.

d. If a man receives circumcision on the Sabbath, so that the law of Moses should not be broken: It was permitted &#; even commanded &#; to do a negative work on the Sabbath, such as cutting away the flesh in circumcision (Leviticus ). It was even more right to make a man completely well on the Sabbath, as Jesus did (John ).

i. “If you may wound a man on the sabbath-day, may not I heal one?” (Trapp)

e. Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment: They decided that Jesus appeared to be a sinner, and they appeared to be righteous. They were wrong each time, and they needed to judge with righteous judgment instead of only by appearances.

i. “No righteous judgment can be come to if appearances decide.” (Dods) The iconic figure of Justice has a blindfold for this reason.

ii. “We should ever bear in mind that that ‘appearance’ may be deceitful, and therefore with the love that hopeth all things, we should be ready to give men the benefit of any doubt or any uncertainty that is in our minds.” (Morgan)

3. () The people of Jerusalem object that Jesus could not be the Messiah because they know where He came from.

Now some of them from Jerusalem said, “Is this not He whom they seek to kill? But look! He speaks boldly, and they say nothing to Him. Do the rulers know indeed that this is truly the Christ? However, we know where this Man is from; but when the Christ comes, no one knows where He is from.” Then Jesus cried out, as He taught in the temple, saying, “You both know Me, and you know where I am from; and I have not come of Myself, but He who sent Me is true, whom you do not know. But I know Him, for I am from Him, and He sent Me.”

a. Is this not He whom they seek to kill? The people from Jerusalem knew that the religious leaders wanted to kill Jesus. The crowd that came for the feast did not know it (John ), but those from Jerusalem did. Yet they were amazed that the rulers would not and could not stop Jesus from teaching.

b. He speaks boldly, and they say nothing to Him: Jesus was never afraid or intimidated by the threats against Him. He still spoke boldly, and with such boldness that no one could make Him stop.

c. We know where this Man is from; but when the Christ comes, no one knows where He is from: Many (but not all) of the Jews of that time believed the Messiah would appear suddenly, as if out of nowhere.

i. Malachi says that God’s messenger will come suddenly to the temple. This was the kind of saying that made them think the Messiah would come out of nowhere to show Himself to Israel.

ii. Popular belief “held that the Messiah would appear. The idea was that he was waiting concealed and some day would burst suddenly upon the world and no one would know where he had come from.” (Barclay)

iii. We know where this Man is from: We don’t know if the people thought, this Man comes from Bethlehem or this Man comes from Nazareth. They probably associated Jesus with Nazareth (Jesus of Nazareth).

d. You both know Me, and you know where I am from: This first sentence of Jesus’ reply may well have been sarcastic. They thought they knew where He was from, but they were unaware of His heavenly origin.

i. “He agrees that they know Him and that they know where he came from, but this is almost certainly ironical: ‘So you know me and my origin!’” (Morris)

e. I am from Him, and He sent Me: The crowds were perhaps confused about where the Messiah would come from, but Jesus knew exactly where He came from. Jesus was not a confused man, wondering if He was really the Son of God.

i. “The language is simple and unambiguous; the claim is august. Jesus asserts afresh his unique relation to the Father, and his hearers cannot miss the implication of his words.” (Bruce)

4. () The officers try to arrest Jesus as many believe in Him.

Therefore they sought to take Him; but no one laid a hand on Him, because His hour had not yet come. And many of the people believed in Him, and said, “When the Christ comes, will He do more signs than these which this Man has done?” The Pharisees heard the crowd murmuring these things concerning Him, and the Pharisees and the chief priests sent officers to take Him. Then Jesus said to them, “I shall be with you a little while longer, and then I go to Him who sent Me. You will seek Me and not find Me, and where I am you cannot come.” Then the Jews said among themselves, “Where does He intend to go that we shall not find Him? Does He intend to go to the Dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks? What is this thing that He said, ‘You will seek Me and not find Me, and where I am you cannot come’?”

a. No one laid a hand on Him, because His hour had not yet come: Until the time was right, no one could lay a hand on Jesus. There would come a time when Jesus would say that His hour had come (John ). Until that hour, Jesus was protected.

i. The arresting officers wantedto take Him, but they couldn’t. It just wouldn’t happen. When the officers returned to the religious leaders empty handed &#; no arrested Jesus with them &#; their bosses wanted to know why. They answered, no man ever spoke like this Man! (John )

b. Many of the people believed in Him: As Jesus spoke to the people, they were drawn to faith in Him. It didn’t matter that many opposed Him or even wanted to kill Him. Jesus made public was Jesus believed upon, and they marveled at the many signs that He did.

i. They spoke with clear logic when they asked, “When the Christ comes, will He do more signs than these which this Man has done?” It is fair to ask, who has done more than Jesus?

ii. If Jesus isn’t the Messiah, then when Messiah comes, will he…

· Do more miracles than Jesus?

· Teach with more insight and authority than Jesus?

· Love more remarkably than Jesus?

· Suffer with more courage than Jesus?

· Atone for more sinners than Jesus?

· Raise from the dead with more triumph than Jesus?

· Ascend to heaven in greater glory than Jesus?

· Present a greater Gospel than Jesus?

· Change more lives than Jesus?

· Free more addictions than Jesus?

· Comfort more grief-stricken hearts than Jesus?

· Heal more broken hearts than Jesus?

· Restore more marriages than Jesus?

· Triumph over more tyrants than Jesus?

· Gain more followers than Jesus?

iii. None of this is possible. No one can do more than Jesus did, and He deserves all our confidence, life, and faith as Messiah.

c. I shall be with you a little while longer: As the religious leaders sent officers to take Him, Jesus assured the officers that He would go away, but only at the appointed time &#; at His ascension (I go to Him who sent Me). They would not take Him away at the present time.

i. “To the officers the saying is an exhibition of His triumphant confidence that their malice is impotent and their arms paralysed; that when He wills He will go, not be dragged by them or any man.” (Maclaren)

d. Does He intend to go to the Dispersion among the Greeks: Jesus spoke of His coming ascension to heaven, but they didn’t understand. Willfully misunderstanding, they asked if He would go away to the Jewish communities outside the Promised Land.

i. “The Jews understood not his death to be meant, but some journey which He would take in the event of their rejecting Him.” (Alford)

ii. “Little did the speakers know that, while Jesus was not to go in person among the Greeks, his followers would be numbered in the tens of thousands in the Greek lands in a few years’ time.” (Bruce)

e. You will seek Me and not find Me: Remarkably, they exactly repeated what Jesus previously said. This statement troubled them, and they wanted to know what Jesus meant. He meant that He would not be found by the hostile examiner, those intending to arrest, silence, or kill Him.

5. () The great invitation: If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink.

On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.” But this He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing in Him would receive; for the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

a. On the last day, that great day of the feast: The Feast of Tabernacles lasted eight days. All through the first seven days water from the Pool of Siloam was carried in a golden pitcher and poured out at the altar to remind everyone of the water God miraculously provided for a thirsty Israel in the wilderness. It seems that on the eighth day there was no pouring of water &#; only prayers for water &#; to remind them that they came into the Promised Land.

i. “But the eighth day was not properly one of the feast days; the people ceased to dwell in the tabernacles on the seventh day. Philo says of it that it was the solemn conclusion, not of that feast alone, but of all the feasts in the year.” (Alford)

ii. This was the last feast-time Jesus would spend in Jerusalem before the Passover of His death. This was the last day of the last feast; the last time He would speak to many of them before His crucifixion.

b. Jesus stood and cried out: What Jesus was about to say was of great importance.

· Important because of where He said it (standing in the temple courts, right outside the temple itself).

· Important because of when He said it (at the last day of Tabernacles, after water had been poured out on the previous days).

· Important because of how He said it (crying out, even shouting &#; in contrast to the general tone of His ministry, according to Isaiah He will not cry out, nor raise His voice, nor cause His voice to be heard in the street).

c. If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink: The celebration of the Feast of Tabernacles emphasized how God provided water to Israel in the wilderness on their way to Canaan. Jesus boldly called people to Himself to drink and satisfy their deepest thirst, their spiritual thirst.

i. The invitation was broad because it said, if anyone. Intelligence, race, class, nationality, or political party don’t limit it. The invitation was narrow because it said, if anyone thirsts. One must see their need. Thirst is not anything in itself; it is a lack of something. It is an emptiness, a crying need.

ii. There is dispute among commentators as to if Jesus said this as water was being poured out, or if He did it on the day when no water was poured out. It is perhaps impossible to be certain, but John’s emphasis on the last day probably indicates that Jesus meant to show a contrast. “There’s no more water at the temple and in the rituals we love. I have the water you’re looking for.”

iii. “On the eighth day no water was poured, and this would make Jesus’ claim all the more impressive.” (Morris)

iv. “On the eighth day, which commemorated their entrance into ‘a land of springs of water,’ this ceremony was discontinued. But the deeper spirits must have viewed with some misgiving all this ritual, feeling still in themselves a thirst which none of these symbolic forms quenched.” (Dods)

d. He who believes in Me: Jesus explained what He meant by the metaphor of drinking. To come to Jesus and to drink was essentially to put one’s faith into Him; to trust in, rely on, and cling to Jesus for both time and eternity.

i. “Then thou art told to drink. That is not a difficult action. Any fool can drink: in fact, many are great fools because they drink too much of poisonous liquors. Drinking is peculiarly the common-place act of sinners.” (Spurgeon)

e. Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water: For the one who does believe in Him, Jesus offered a perpetual river of living water out of His innermost being. Tabernacles also looked forward to the prophecies of water flowing from the throne and from Jerusalem where Messiah would be enthroned. Essentially Jesus said, “Put your loving trust in Me, enthrone Me in your heart, and life and abundance will flow out.”

i. “The Greek is, ‘out of his belly’, i.e. ‘from his innermost being’.” (Morris)

ii. Jesus did not only speak of something coming into a person, but something flowing out of them as well. It was not only a blessing received, but also becoming a source of blessing to others.

iii. “He was able to satisfy thirst, and, moreover, that those who received such satisfaction from Him should become channels through whom the overflowing rivers should pass.” (Morgan)

iv. As the Scripture has said: “Though no specific passage of Scripture is quoted, this would in fact be a fulfillment of such prophecies as that of Zechariah that one day a fountain would be open to the house of David, and living waters would go out from Jerusalem (Zechariah , ); and of Isaiah that God would pour water upon the thirsty (Isaiah , ).” (Tasker)

f. This He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing in Him would receive: This outflowing life and abundance comes in and through the presence of the Spirit in the life of the believer. This speaks of an experience that belongs to those believing in Him. The nature of that experience may differ among believers, but there is some aspect of it that is promised to all who will receive it by faith.

i. “The Jerusalem Talmud connects the ceremonies and this scripture with the Holy Spirit: ‘Why is the name of it called, The drawing out of water? Because of the pouring out of the Holy Spirit, according to what is said: “With joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.”’” (Morris)

ii. “It is a blessed thing to preach the work of Jesus Christ, but it is an evil thing to omit the work of the Holy Ghost; for the work of the Lord Jesus itself is no blessing to that man who does not know the work of the Holy Spirit.” (Spurgeon)

g. For the Holy Spirit was not yet given: This outflowing life and abundance could not come yet, because Jesus was not yet glorified &#; that is, glorified on the cross and through resurrection. This giving of the Holy Spirit for the people of God could not happen until Jesus completed His work at the cross and the empty tomb.

i. Translators have added the word given. More literally it is “for it was not yet Spirit.” John tells us that it was not yet Pentecost and the days of the Spirit. “The word implied is not exactly ‘given,’ but rather ‘working,’ or some similar word… the dispensation of the Spirit was not yet.” (Alford)

ii. “It is a point repeated in this Gospel that the Spirit could not come during the time of Christ’s earthly ministry. But when the work was consummated the Spirit was given.” (Morris)

C. The crowd questions, the religious leaders reject.

1. () Jesus brings division among the crowd.

Therefore many from the crowd, when they heard this saying, said, “Truly this is the Prophet.” Others said, “This is the Christ.” But some said, “Will the Christ come out of Galilee? Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the seed of David and from the town of Bethlehem, where David was?” So there was a division among the people because of Him.

a. This is the Prophet&#; This is the Christ: Some said one thing, others said something else about who Jesus was; but everyone had an opinion. They could not be confronted with Jesus and remain truly neutral. If someone pretended to be neutral, they were really against Him.

i. This is the Prophet: “Some no doubt knew that by the prophet, the Messiah was meant; but others seem to have thought that one of the ancient prophets should be raised from the dead, and precede the appearing of the Messiah.” (Clarke)

b. Will the Christ come out of Galilee? Some rejected Jesus because they were ignorant, not knowing the truth about Him. These ones did not know that Jesus was really born in Bethlehem, even though they knew the prophecies about Jesus being born in Bethlehem.

i. “The preposition rendered ‘out of’ refers to birth and origin, not to residence.” (Trench)

ii. “The very passage that convinced his critics that he could not be the Messiah was one of the strongest to prove that he was.” (Tenney)

iii. “Are you the one who has been rejecting Jesus Christ on a quibble? Do you refuse to come because you cannot understand where Cain got his wife? Or how God can punish sinners? Or why we are to believe in a virgin birth or a resurrection?” (Boice)

c. So there was a division among the people because of Him: During the days of His earthly work, Jesus divided people. People could not truly be of two opinions about Jesus, so some would be for Him while others would be against Him.

i. “The word rendered division implies a violent dissension &#; some taking up His cause, some wishing to lay hands on Him.” (Alford)

ii. The division didn’t come because Jesus spoke foolishly, or because He spoke on a theologically controversial topic. He spoke about Himself, the Messiah &#; and He spoke clearly, not in dark mysterious sayings.

iii. Jesus repeated this idea in Matthew Do not think that I came to bring peace on earth. I did not come to bring peace but a sword. For I have come to “set a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law”; and “a man’s enemies will be those of his own household.”

iv. Such division should never exist among the followers of Jesus. “We can sometimes even fight with one another for what we believe to be the truth, and rebuke each other to the face if we think there is an error; but when it comes to Christ and his dear cross, give me thy hand, brother. You are washed in the blood, and so am I. You are resting in Christ, and so am I. You have put all your hope in Jesus; and that is where all my hope is, and therefore we are one. Yes, there is no real division among the true people of God because of Christ.” (Spurgeon)

2. () The failure of an attempted arrest of Jesus.

Now some of them wanted to take Him, but no one laid hands on Him. Then the officers came to the chief priests and Pharisees, who said to them, “Why have you not brought Him?” The officers answered, “No man ever spoke like this Man!” Then the Pharisees answered them, “Are you also deceived? Have any of the rulers or the Pharisees believed in Him? But this crowd that does not know the law is accursed.”

a. Some of them wanted to take Him, but no one laid hands on Him: The arrest was unsuccessful, but it wasn’t because the arresting officers were incompetent. It was because the time wasn’t right yet, and it was impossible for Jesus to be stopped until it was right in the Father’s timing.

b. No man ever spoke like this Man! These officers of the temple had heard many rabbis teach, but they never heard someone speak like Jesus. They were so impressed by the message of Jesus that they found it impossible to do their assigned work of arresting and silencing Him.

i. “‘Never did any man talk in this fashion.’ In the Greek the word ‘man’ (anthropos) occurs in the emphatic position at the end of the sentence and implies by contrast that he must be more than an ordinary human being.” (Tenney)

ii. “Their testimony was expressed in few and simple words, but it has stood the test of nineteen centuries.” (Bruce)

c. Are you also deceived? Have any of the rulers or the Pharisees believed in Him? But this crowd that does not know the law is accursed: The pride of the religious leaders was plain, as was their despising of the common people. They hoped to shame and intimidate the officers who didn’t arrest Jesus with the idea all the smart and spiritual people don’t follow Jesus &#; neither should you.

i. “The religious snobbishness of the rulers was revealed in their contemptuous dismissal of the guards’ testimony.” (Tenney)

ii. “The Pharisees had a phrase by which they described the ordinary, simple people who did not observe the thousands of regulations of the ceremonial law. They called them the People of the Land; to them they were beneath contempt.” (Barclay)

iii. “Even the liberal Rabbi Hillel, of the generation before Christ, summed up this attitude when he said, ‘No member of the common people is pious.’” (Bruce)

3. () The reaction to Nicodemus’ small stand for Jesus.

Nicodemus (he who came to Jesus by night, being one of them) said to them, “Does our law judge a man before it hears him and knows what he is doing?” They answered and said to him, “Are you also from Galilee? Search and look, for no prophet has arisen out of Galilee.”

a. Does our law judge a man before it hears him and knows what he is doing: Nicodemus tried to reason with the religious leaders, warning them against judging Jesus hastily.

b. Are you also from Galilee: The religious leaders who lived in Jerusalem and Judea despised the people of Galilee, and often mocked them. To these religious leaders from Judea, nothing good could come from Galilee.

c. Search and look, for no prophet has arisen out of Galilee: They were wrong. In fact, a prophet had risen from Galilee. Jonah (who was a picture of Jesus Christ) came from Gath Hepher, which was three miles north of Nazareth in Lower Galilee (2 Kings ).

i. “The way the question is introduced in the original conveys a marked note of surprise; ‘Why surely the Christ is not going to come from Galilee?’” (Tasker)

ii. “It was not historically true; &#; for two prophets at least had arisen from Galilee: Jonah of Gathhepher, and the greatest of the prophets, Elijah of Thisbe; and perhaps also Nahum and Hosea. Their contempt for Galilee made them lose sight of historical accuracy.” (Alford)

© David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission

Sours: https://enduringword.com/bible-commentary/john-7/
The Holy Bible - Leviticus Chapter 7 ESV

John 7

English Standard Version

Jesus at the Feast of Booths

7 After this Jesus went about in Galilee. He would not go about in Judea, because (A)the Jews were seeking to kill him.Now (B)the Jews' Feast of (C)Booths was at hand.(D)So his brothers said to him, “Leave here and go to Judea, that your disciples also may see the works you are doing.For no one works in secret if he seeks to be known openly. If you do these things, (E)show yourself to the world.”(F)For not even (G)his brothers believed in him.Jesus said to them, (H)“My time has not yet come, but your time is always here.The world cannot hate you, but (I)it hates me because I testify about it that (J)its works are evil.You go up to the feast. I am not going up to this feast, for (K)my time has not yet fully come.”After saying this, he remained in Galilee.

10 But after (L)his brothers had gone up to the feast, then he also went up, not publicly but in private.11 (M)The Jews (N)were looking for him at the feast, and saying, “Where is he?”12 And there was much (O)muttering about him among the people. (P)While some said, “He is a good man,” others said, “No, (Q)he is leading the people astray.”13 Yet (R)for fear of the Jews no one spoke openly of him.

14 About the middle of the feast Jesus went up (S)into the temple and began teaching.15 The Jews therefore (T)marveled, saying, “How is it that this man has learning, when he has never studied?”16 So Jesus answered them, (U)“My teaching is not mine, but his (V)who sent me.17 (W)If anyone's will is to do God's will, (X)he will know whether the teaching is from God or whether I (Y)am speaking on my own authority.18 The one who speaks on his own authority (Z)seeks his own glory; but the one who seeks the glory of him who sent him is true, and in him there is no falsehood.19 (AA)Has not Moses given you the law? Yet none of you keeps the law. (AB)Why do you seek to kill me?”20 The crowd answered, (AC)“You have a demon! Who is seeking to kill you?”21 Jesus answered them, “I did (AD)one work, and you all marvel at it.22 (AE)Moses gave you circumcision (not that it is from Moses, but (AF)from the fathers), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath.23 If on the Sabbath a man receives circumcision, so that the law of Moses may not be broken, (AG)are you angry with me because on the Sabbath I made a man's whole body well?24 (AH)Do not judge by appearances, but judge with right judgment.”

Can This Be the Christ?

25 Some of the people of Jerusalem therefore said, “Is not this the man whom (AI)they seek to kill?26 And here he is, (AJ)speaking openly, and they say nothing to him! Can it be that (AK)the authorities really know that this is the Christ?27 But (AL)we know (AM)where this man comes from, and when the Christ appears, (AN)no one will know where he comes from.”28 So Jesus proclaimed, (AO)as he taught in the temple, (AP)“You know me, and you know where I come from. But (AQ)I have not come of my own accord. (AR)He who sent me is true, (AS)and him you do not know.29 (AT)I know him, for I come (AU)from him, and (AV)he sent me.”30 (AW)So they were seeking to arrest him, but (AX)no one laid a hand on him, (AY)because his hour had not yet come.31 Yet (AZ)many of the people believed in him. They said, (BA)“When the Christ appears, will he do more signs than this man has done?”

Officers Sent to Arrest Jesus

32 The Pharisees heard the crowd (BB)muttering these things about him, and the chief priests and Pharisees sent (BC)officers to arrest him.33 Jesus then said, (BD)“I will be with you a little longer, and then (BE)I am going to him who sent me.34 (BF)You will seek me and you will not find me. Where I am you cannot come.”35 The Jews said to one another, “Where does this man intend to go that we will not find him? (BG)Does he intend to go to (BH)the Dispersion among (BI)the Greeks and teach the Greeks?36 What does he mean by saying, (BJ)‘You will seek me and you will not find me,’ and, ‘Where I am you cannot come’?”

Rivers of Living Water

37 (BK)On the last day of the feast, the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, (BL)“If anyone thirsts, let him (BM)come to me and drink.38 Whoever believes in me, (BN)as the Scripture has said, (BO)‘Out of his heart will flow rivers of (BP)living water.’”39 Now (BQ)this he said about the Spirit, (BR)whom those who believed in him were to receive, (BS)for as yet the Spirit had not been (BT)given, (BU)because Jesus was not yet glorified.

Division Among the People

40 When they heard these words, (BV)some of the people said, “This really is (BW)the Prophet.”41 Others said, “This is (BX)the Christ.” But some said, (BY)“Is the Christ to come from Galilee?42 Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes (BZ)from the offspring of David, and comes (CA)from Bethlehem, the village (CB)where David was?”43 So there was (CC)a division among the people over him.44 (CD)Some of them wanted to arrest him, but no one laid hands on him.

45 (CE)The officers then came to the chief priests and Pharisees, who said to them, “Why did you not bring him?”46 The officers answered, (CF)“No one ever spoke like this man!”47 The Pharisees answered them, (CG)“Have you also been deceived?48 (CH)Have any of the authorities or the Pharisees believed in him?49 But this crowd that does not know the law is accursed.”50 (CI)Nicodemus, who had gone to him before, and who was one of them, said to them,51 (CJ)“Does our law judge a man without first (CK)giving him a hearing and learning what he does?”52 They replied, (CL)“Are you from Galilee too? Search and see that (CM)no prophet arises from Galilee.”

[The earliest manuscripts do not include –]

The Woman Caught in Adultery

53 [[They went each to his own house,

Cross references

  1. John : ch. ; , 40;
  2. John : ch. ;
  3. John : See Lev.
  4. John : ver. 5, 10; See Matt.
  5. John : [ch. ; ]
  6. John : [Matt. ; Mark ]
  7. John : ver. 3, 10
  8. John : [ver. 8, 30]; See ch.
  9. John : ch. , 24
  10. John : ch. ; [Col. ; 1 John ]
  11. John : See ch.
  12. John : ver. 3, 5
  13. John : ver. 1
  14. John : ch.
  15. John : ver. 32
  16. John : [ver. ]
  17. John : ver. 47
  18. John : ch. ; ; [ch. ; ]
  19. John : ver. 28
  20. John : [ver. 46; Luke ; ; Acts ]
  21. John : ch. ; ; , 24; [ch. ]
  22. John : See ch.
  23. John : [ch. , 32; , 23]
  24. John : [ch. ; Ps. ; Dan. ; Phil. ]
  25. John : See ch.
  26. John : ch. ;
  27. John : ver. 23; See ch.
  28. John : ver. 1
  29. John : ch. , 52; ; [Matt. ; Mark ; Luke ]
  30. John : ver. 23; ch.
  31. John : Lev.
  32. John : Gen.
  33. John : ch. ; See Matt.
  34. John : ch. ; [Isa. ; 2 Cor. ]; See Deut. , 17
  35. John : ver. 1
  36. John : ch.
  37. John : ver. 48
  38. John : [ch. ; , 19; ]
  39. John : ch.
  40. John : [ver. 42]
  41. John : ver. 14
  42. John : [See ver. 27 above]; [ch. ; , 19; ]
  43. John : ch. ; [ch. ]
  44. John : See ch.
  45. John : ch. ; ; [ch. ; ]
  46. John : ch. ; See Matt.
  47. John : ch. ; , 33; [ch. ]
  48. John : See ch.
  49. John : ver. 44; ch. ; [Matt. ]
  50. John : ch.
  51. John : ver. 6
  52. John : ch. ; ; ; ; [ch. ; ; Matt. ]
  53. John : Matt.
  54. John : ver. 12
  55. John : ver. 45, 46
  56. John : ch. ; ; ;
  57. John : ch.
  58. John : ch. ;
  59. John : [ch. ]
  60. John : James ; 1 Pet. ; [Isa. ; Zeph. ]
  61. John : ch.
  62. John : ver. 34
  63. John : Lev. ; Num. ; Neh.
  64. John : Isa. ; See ch.
  65. John : See ch.
  66. John : [Isa. ; Ezek. ]
  67. John : ch. ; [Prov. ]
  68. John : See ch.
  69. John : Isa. ; [1 Cor. ; Gal. ]
  70. John : Joel ; Acts ; [ch. ; ; Luke ]
  71. John : Acts , 33
  72. John : ch. ; Luke
  73. John : ch. , 17;
  74. John : See ver. 31
  75. John : ch. ; ; See Matt.
  76. John : ver. 26
  77. John : [ver. 52; ch. ]
  78. John : [Ps. , 4]; See Matt.
  79. John : Mic. ; Matt. , 5; Luke
  80. John : 1 Sam.
  81. John : ch. ; ; [ver. 12]
  82. John : ver. 30
  83. John : ver. 32
  84. John : See Matt.
  85. John : ver. 12
  86. John : 1 Cor. , 26; ; [ch. ]
  87. John : ch. ;
  88. John : Deut. ; ; [Acts ]
  89. John : Deut. ; Prov.
  90. John : ver. 41
  91. John : [2 Kgs. with Josh. ]
Sours: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John%&version=ESV

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Revelation 7

The , of Israel Sealed

1After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back u the four winds of the earth, v that no wind might blow on earth or sea or against any tree.2Then I saw another angel ascending w from the rising of the sun, with x the seal of the living God, and he called with a loud voice to the four angels who had been given power to harm earth and sea,3saying, y "Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees, until we have sealed the servants of our God z on their foreheads."4And a I heard the number of the sealed, ,, sealed from every tribe of the sons of Israel:

5 12, from the tribe of Judah were sealed,
12, from the tribe of Reuben,
12, from the tribe of Gad,
612, from the tribe of Asher,
12, from the tribe of Naphtali,
12, from the tribe of Manasseh,
712, from the tribe of Simeon,
12, from the tribe of Levi,
12, from the tribe of Issachar,
812, from the tribe of Zebulun,
12, from the tribe of Joseph,
12, from the tribe of Benjamin were sealed.

A Great Multitude from Every Nation

9After this I looked, and behold, b a great multitude that no one could number, c from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, d clothed in white robes, with e palm branches in their hands,10and crying out with a loud voice, f "Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!"11And all the angels were standing around the throne and around the elders and g the four living creatures, and they h fell on their faces before the throne and worshiped God,12i saying, "Amen! Blessing and glory and wisdom and thanksgiving and honor and power and might be to our God forever and ever! Amen."

13Then one of the elders addressed me, saying, "Who are these, d clothed in white robes, and from where have they come?"14I said to him, "Sir, you know." And he said to me, "These are the ones coming out of j the great tribulation. k They have washed their robes and l made them white m in the blood of the Lamb.

15 "Therefore they are before the throne of God,
and n serve him day and night in his temple;
and he who sits on the throne o will shelter them with his presence.
16p They shall hunger no more, neither thirst anymore;
q the sun shall not strike them,
nor any scorching heat.
17For the Lamb in the midst of the throne r will be their shepherd,
and he will guide them to springs of s living water,
and t God will wipe away every tear from their eyes."

  1. Cross References
    Jeremiah
    And I will bring upon Elam the four winds from the four quarters of heaven. And I will scatter them to all those winds, and there shall be no nation to which those driven out of Elam shall not come.
    Daniel
    Daniel declared, "I saw in my vision by night, and behold, the four winds of heaven were stirring up the great sea.
  2. Cross References
    Revelation
    Saying, "Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees, until we have sealed the servants of our God on their foreheads.
  3. Cross References
    Revelation
    The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, to prepare the way for the kings from the east.
  4. Cross References
    Revelation
    They were told not to harm the grass of the earth or any green plant or any tree, but only those people who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads.
  5. Cross References
    Revelation
    And I heard what seemed to be a voice in the midst of the four living creatures, saying, "A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius, and do not harm the oil and wine!
    Revelation
    They were told not to harm the grass of the earth or any green plant or any tree, but only those people who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads.
  6. Cross References
    Revelation
    Then I looked, and behold, on Mount Zion stood the Lamb, and with him , who had his name and his Father's name written on their foreheads.
    Revelation
    They will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads.
    Ezekiel
    And the Lord said to him, "Pass through the city, through Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who sigh and groan over all the abominations that are committed in it.
    Revelation
    Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, to be marked on the right hand or the forehead.
    Ezekiel - 9
    Behold, I have made your face as hard as their faces, and your forehead as hard as their foreheads.
  7. Cross References
    Revelation
    The number of mounted troops was twice ten thousand times ten thousand; I heard their number.
  8. Cross References
    Romans
    Lest you be wise in your own sight, I want you to understand this mystery, brothers: a partial hardening has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.
  9. Cross References
    Revelation
    And they sang a new song, saying, "Worthy are you to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God from every tribe and language and people and nation.
  10. Cross References
    Revelation
    I said to him, "Sir, you know." And he said to me, "These are the ones coming out of the great tribulation. They have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
    Revelation
    Yet you have still a few names in Sardis, people who have not soiled their garments, and they will walk with me in white, for they are worthy.
  11. Cross References
    Leviticus
    And you shall take on the first day the fruit of splendid trees, branches of palm trees and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God seven days.
    John
    So they took branches of palm trees and went out to meet him, crying out, "Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord, even the King of Israel!
  12. Cross References
    Revelation
    And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, "Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ have come, for the accuser of our brothers has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God.
    Revelation
    After this I heard what seemed to be the loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, crying out, "Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God.
    Psalms
    Salvation belongs to the Lord ; your blessing be on your people! Selah
  13. Cross References
    Revelation
    And before the throne there was as it were a sea of glass, like crystal. And around the throne, on each side of the throne, are four living creatures, full of eyes in front and behind:
  14. Cross References
    Revelation
    The twenty-four elders fall down before him who is seated on the throne and worship him who lives forever and ever. They cast their crowns before the throne, saying.
  15. Cross References
    Revelation
    And the four living creatures said, "Amen!" and the elders fell down and worshiped.
    Revelation
    And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God who was seated on the throne, saying, "Amen. Hallelujah!
    1 Chronicles - 11
    Therefore David blessed the Lord in the presence of all the assembly. And David said: "Blessed are you, O Lord, the God of Israel our father, forever and ever.
  16. Cross References
    Revelation
    After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude that no one could number, from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, with palm branches in their hands.
  17. Cross References
    Matthew
    For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, and never will be.
  18. Cross References
    Revelation
    Blessed are those who wash their robes, so that they may have the right to the tree of life and that they may enter the city by the gates.
    Isaiah
    Come now, let us reason together, says the Lord : though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they shall become like wool.
    Zechariah - 5
    Now Joshua was standing before the angel, clothed with filthy garments.
  19. Cross References
    Daniel
    Many shall purify themselves and make themselves white and be refined, but the wicked shall act wickedly. And none of the wicked shall understand, but those who are wise shall understand.
    1 John
    But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from all sin.
  20. Cross References
    Revelation
    And from Jesus Christ the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of kings on earth. To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood
  21. Cross References
    Revelation
    No longer will there be anything accursed, but the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and his servants will worship him.
  22. Cross References
    Revelation
    And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, "Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God.
    Isaiah - 6
    Then the Lord will create over the whole site of Mount Zion and over her assemblies a cloud by day, and smoke and the shining of a flaming fire by night; for over all the glory there will be a canopy.
  23. Cross References
    Isaiah
    They shall not hunger or thirst, neither scorching wind nor sun shall strike them, for he who has pity on them will lead them, and by springs of water will guide them.
  24. Cross References
    Psalms
    The sun shall not strike you by day, nor the moon by night.
  25. Cross References
    Psalms - 2
    The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.
    Matthew
    "'And you, O Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for from you shall come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.'"
    John
    I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
  26. Cross References
    Revelation
    Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, bright as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb
    Psalms - 9
    They feast on the abundance of your house, and you give them drink from the river of your delights.
    John
    But whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again. The water that I will give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life.
  27. Cross References
    Revelation
    He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.
    Isaiah
    He will swallow up death forever; and the Lord God will wipe away tears from all faces, and the reproach of his people he will take away from all the earth, for the Lord has spoken.
English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright &#; by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

Notes

Sours: https://ebible.com/esv/revelation/7


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