El presente de indicativo
The Spanish present tense, also known as the present indicative, is very similar in usage to the English simple present, but there are some key differences. The Spanish present tense can talk about any of the following:
1. Current actions or states of being
|Vamos al mercado.||We are going to the market.|
|Estoy listo.||I am ready.|
2. Habitual actions or states of being
|Voy a la escuela todos los días.||I go to school every day.|
|Veo una película los sábados.||I see a movie on Saturdays.|
3. Absolute and general truths.
|La tierra es grande.||The earth is big.|
|La escuela es importante.||School is important.|
4. Actions which will occur in the near future.
|Voy al mercado lunes.||I’ll go to the store Monday.|
|Ana llega a las dos.||Ana’s arriving at two.|
5. Conditions in si clauses
|Si puedo, iré contigo.||If I can, I will go with you.|
Spanish vs English
Much of the above applies to the English present tense, but as you can see in some of the translations, the Spanish present tense often has three possible English equivalents – the English helping verbs "to be" and "to do" are not translated into the Spanish present tense.
|I eat||}||Yo como.|
|I am eating|
|I do eat|
However, if you want to emphasize the fact that something is happening right now, you can use the present progressive:
|I am eating (right now)||}||Estoy comiendo.|
|I’m in the process of eating|
Present tense conjugations
Present Tense Quizzes
Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on the Spanish present tense with these fill-in-the-blanks exercises:
Note: You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless Spanish account to take these tests. If you don’t have one, sign up – it’s free!
Share / Tweet / Pin Me!
Indicative Tenses in Spanish Grammar
The indicative mood is used to talk about true actions, events and states as well as facts. It is one of three moods in Spanish grammar, see subjunctive and imperative. We use the indicative to express facts in the present, past, future and conditional tenses. Here, we explain the grammar rules and conjugation for all of the Spanish indicative tenses.
Improve your Spanish and learn how to conjugate Spanish -ar, -er and -ir verbs in the present, past and future tenses. Simply click on one of the topics below for a free Spanish grammar lesson. Then practise conjugating -ar, -er and -ir verbs in the interactive exercises.
We use the present tense, also simple present, (presente) to speak about the present and the future.
Progressive (estar + gerundio)
The progressive tense with estar + gerundio describes an action that is already in progress at the moment of speaking, or is only taking place temporarily.
- estoy hablando
Theperfect tense (pretérito perfecto) is used for completed actions that still have an influence on or a connection to the present.
- he hablado
The imperfect tense (pretérito imperfecto) expresses a past action with no defined start or end as well as the habitual repetition of an event in the past.
Thepreterite tense (pretérito indefinido) or simple past is used for one-off completed past actions or actions that interrupt another past action.
The past perfect (pretérito plusquamperfecto) is used to describe an action that took place before a certain point in the past.
- había hablado
The preterite perfect tense (pretérito anterior) is hardly used these days. Although, it can still be found in some literary texts. It expresses something that happened shortly before another action.
- hube hablado
Future (ir + a)
The future with ir + a (futuro próximo) is often used in instead of the future simplein spoken Spanish.
- voy a hablar
voy a aprender
voy a vivir
The future tense (futuro simple) is generally used to express an intention regarding the future or a supposition about the present or future.
The future perfect (futuro compuesto) expresses the supposition or assumption that an action will have been completed by the present moment or by a point in the future.
- habré hablado
The conditional mood (condicional simple) is used for actions that could possibly take place, as well as for polite requests and to express wishes.
The conditional perfect (condicional compuesto) is used similarly to the conditional, with the difference that the actions described have already been completed.
- habría hablado
General cookie information
Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. You may change your settings at any time. Your choices will not impact your visit.
NOTE: These settings will only apply to the browser and device you are currently using.
Google Analytics cookies
Spanish Grammar: Present Indicative Tense with [-ER] Verbs
Infinitive verbs in Spanish will always end with [-AR], [-ER], or [-IR].
Infinitive verbs, in English, always mean to do … (action).
For example: to run, to read, to speak, to live, to eat, to see, to hear, to work, to study …
Verb tenses and moods help identify when (timeframe) or how (intent) an action is occurring.
Present tense – Occurring now
Past tense – Occurred in the past (already happened)
Future tense – Will occur in the future.
Each one of tenses or moods have their own verb endings. We can change the timeframe of an action just by replacing the endings on each verb.
When we work with verbs, it’s easiest to start with the Present Indicative tense. This will help us discuss what is happening right now.
[-ER] verbs are all infinitive verbs that end with the letters [-ER]. Besides the [-ER] ending, there really is no kind of pattern to why certain verbs are [-ER] verbs.
APRENDER : To learn
BEBER : To drink
COMER : To eat
CORRER : To run
ESCONDER : To hide
LEER : To read
PROCEDER : To proceed
ROMPER : To break
SORPRENDER : To surprise
TEJER : To knit
TOSER : To cough
The system of adapting infinitive verbs to different people, places, and things is called verb conjugation.
When we conjugate verbs, we team them up with different SubjectPronouns to attach actions to people, places or things. Like from TO SPEAK to HE SPEAKS.
When we conjugate verbs, we DROP the [-ER] ending, and then reattach a NEWENDING that lets us know who or what is acting or being acted upon.
Subject Pronoun + New Ending = Correctly Conjugated Verb!
|[-ER] Verb Endings (Present Tense, Indicative Mood)|
|él / ella / usted||-e|
|ellos / ellas / ustedes||-en|
Spanish present indicative
He said the milk was out. Some gypsies came to investigate, something like a fight with ramrods happened, but in the end everything ended well. He strangled one of the gypsies, but he got nothing for it. I bought a bottle of wine at the deli for myself, and a bag of fermented baked milk for Kifa.Spanish Verbs Conjugation in the present tense
Oh, about that. I dont know, Im somehow not afraid. I would even be glad to lower it a little. - Why.
- Car rentals waterloo
- Blue sky peptides legit
- Cat 907 for sale
- Equestria girls characters
- G scale logging cars
- Superhero skin combos
- First arcanist thalyssra
- Spawn dark ages comics
- Custom spotify keychain
- Echo starter rope replacement
In my opinion, she just looked and commanded us. Marina said this as if it were a matter of course. Besides, the one who was behind me.