Present indicative spanish

Present indicative spanish DEFAULT

El presente de indicativo

The Spanish present tense, also known as the present indicative, is very similar in usage to the English simple present, but there are some key differences. The Spanish present tense can talk about any of the following:

1. Current actions or states of being

Vamos al mercado. We are going to the market.
Estoy listo. I am ready.

2. Habitual actions or states of being

Voy a la escuela todos los días. I go to school every day.
Veo una película los sábados. I see a movie on Saturdays.

3. Absolute and general truths.

La tierra es grande. The earth is big.
La escuela es importante. School is important.

4. Actions which will occur in the near future.

Voy al mercado lunes. I’ll go to the store Monday.
Ana llega a las dos. Ana’s arriving at two.

5. Conditions in si clauses

Si puedo, iré contigo. If I can, I will go with you.

  Spanish vs English

Much of the above applies to the English present tense, but as you can see in some of the translations, the Spanish present tense often has three possible English equivalents – the English helping verbs "to be" and "to do" are not translated into the Spanish present tense.

I eat}Yo como.
I am eating
I do eat

However, if you want to emphasize the fact that something is happening right now, you can use the present progressive:

I am eating (right now)}Estoy comiendo.
I’m in the process of eating

Present tense conjugations

Spanish quizzes Present Tense Quizzes

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Spanish present tense


Indicative Tenses in Spanish Grammar


The indicative mood is used to talk about true actions, events and states as well as facts. It is one of three moods in Spanish grammar, see subjunctive and imperative. We use the indicative to express facts in the present, past, future and conditional tenses. Here, we explain the grammar rules and conjugation for all of the Spanish indicative tenses.

Improve your Spanish and learn how to conjugate Spanish -ar, -er and -ir verbs in the present, past and future tenses. Simply click on one of the topics below for a free Spanish grammar lesson. Then practise conjugating -ar, -er and -ir verbs in the interactive exercises.


We use the present tense, also simple present, (presente) to speak about the present and the future.


Progressive (estar + gerundio)

The progressive tense with estar + gerundio describes an action that is already in progress at the moment of speaking, or is only taking place temporarily.

estoy hablando
estoy aprendiendo
estoy viviendo


Theperfect tense (pretérito perfecto) is used for completed actions that still have an influence on or a connection to the present.

he hablado
he aprendido
he vivido


The imperfect tense (pretérito imperfecto) expresses a past action with no defined start or end as well as the habitual repetition of an event in the past.



Thepreterite tense (pretérito indefinido) or simple past is used for one-off completed past actions or actions that interrupt another past action.


Past Perfect

The past perfect (pretérito plusquamperfecto) is used to describe an action that took place before a certain point in the past.

había hablado
había aprendido
había vivido

Preterite Perfect

The preterite perfect tense (pretérito anterior) is hardly used these days. Although, it can still be found in some literary texts. It expresses something that happened shortly before another action.

hube hablado
hube aprendido
hube vivido

Future (ir + a)

The future with ir + a (futuro próximo) is often used in instead of the future simplein spoken Spanish.

voy a hablar
voy a aprender
voy a vivir


The future tense (futuro simple) is generally used to express an intention regarding the future or a supposition about the present or future.


Future Perfect

The future perfect (futuro compuesto) expresses the supposition or assumption that an action will have been completed by the present moment or by a point in the future.

habré hablado
habré aprendido
habré vivido


The conditional mood (condicional simple) is used for actions that could possibly take place, as well as for polite requests and to express wishes.


Conditional Perfect

The conditional perfect (condicional compuesto) is used similarly to the conditional, with the difference that the actions described have already been completed.

habría hablado
habría aprendido
habría vivido
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Spanish Grammar: Present Indicative Tense with [-ER] Verbs

Infinitive verbs are verbs that are unchanged. They are in their most basic form, and can be adapted in many different ways. (An infinite number of ways, so to speak.)

Infinitive verbs in Spanish will always end with [-AR], [-ER], or [-IR].

Infinitive verbs, in English, always mean to do … (action).
For example: to run, to read, to speak, to live, to eat, to see, to hear, to work, to study …

Verb tenses and moods help identify when (timeframe) or how (intent) an action is occurring.

Present tense – Occurring now
Past tense – Occurred in the past (already happened)
Future tense – Will occur in the future.

Each one of tenses or moods have their own verb endings. We can change the timeframe of an action just by replacing the endings on each verb.

When we work with verbs, it’s easiest to start with the Present Indicative tense. This will help us discuss what is happening right now.

[-ER] verbs are all infinitive verbs that end with the letters [-ER]. Besides the [-ER] ending, there really is no kind of pattern to why certain verbs are [-ER] verbs.

APRENDER : To learn

BEBER : To drink

COMER : To eat

CORRER : To run

ESCONDER : To hide

 LEER : To read

PROCEDER : To proceed

ROMPER : To break

SORPRENDER : To surprise

TEJER : To knit

TOSER : To cough

The system of adapting infinitive verbs to different people, places, and things is called verb conjugation.

When we conjugate verbs, we team them up with different SubjectPronouns to attach actions to people, places or things. Like from TO SPEAK to HE SPEAKS.

When we conjugate verbs, we DROP the [-ER] ending, and then reattach a NEWENDING that lets us know who or what is acting or being acted upon.

Subject Pronoun + New Ending = Correctly Conjugated Verb!

[-ER] Verb Endings (Present Tense, Indicative Mood)
él / ella / usted-e
ellos / ellas / ustedes-en

Spanish present indicative

He said the milk was out. Some gypsies came to investigate, something like a fight with ramrods happened, but in the end everything ended well. He strangled one of the gypsies, but he got nothing for it. I bought a bottle of wine at the deli for myself, and a bag of fermented baked milk for Kifa.

Spanish Verbs Conjugation in the present tense

Oh, about that. I dont know, Im somehow not afraid. I would even be glad to lower it a little. - Why.

Now discussing:

In my opinion, she just looked and commanded us. Marina said this as if it were a matter of course. Besides, the one who was behind me.

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