Psalms 18 message bible

Psalms 18 message bible DEFAULT

Psalm 18

1 I love you, God - you make me strong.

2 God is bedrock under my feet, the castle in which I live, my rescuing knight. My God - the high crag where I run for dear life, hiding behind the boulders, safe in the granite hideout.

3 I sing to God, the Praise-Lofty, and find myself safe and saved.

4 The hangman's noose was tight at my throat; devil waters rushed over me.

5 Hell's ropes cinched me tight; death traps barred every exit.

6 A hostile world! I call to God, I cry to God to help me. From his palace he hears my call; my cry brings me right into his presence - a private audience!

7 Earth wobbles and lurches; huge mountains shake like leaves, Quake like aspen leaves because of his rage.

8 His nostrils flare, bellowing smoke; his mouth spits fire. Tongues of fire dart in and out;

9 he lowers the sky. He steps down; under his feet an abyss opens up.

10 He's riding a winged creature, swift on wind-wings.

11 Now he's wrapped himself in a trenchcoat of black-cloud darkness.

12 But his cloud-brightness bursts through, spraying hailstones and fireballs.

13 Then God thundered out of heaven; the High God gave a great shout, spraying hailstones and fireballs.

14 God shoots his arrows - pandemonium! He hurls his lightnings - a rout!

15 The secret sources of ocean are exposed, the hidden depths of earth lie uncovered The moment you roar in protest, let loose your hurricane anger.

16 But me he caught - reached all the way from sky to sea; he pulled me out

17 that enemy chaos, the void in which I was drowning.

18 They hit me when I was down, but God stuck by me.

19 He stood me up on a wide-open field; I stood there saved - surprised to be loved!

20 God made my life complete when I placed all the pieces before him. When I got my act together, he gave me a fresh start.

21 Now I'm alert to God's ways; I don't take God for granted.

22 Every day I review the ways he works; I try not to miss a trick.

23 I feel put back together, and I'm watching my step.

24 God rewrote the text of my life when I opened the book of my heart to his eyes.

25 The good people taste your goodness, The whole people taste your health,

26 The true people taste your truth, The bad ones can't figure you out.

27 You take the side of the down-and-out, But the stuck-up you take down a peg.

28 Suddenly, God, you floodlight my life; I'm blazing with glory, God's glory!

29 I smash the bands of marauders, I vault the highest fences.

30 What a God! His road stretches straight and smooth. Every God-direction is road-tested. Everyone who runs toward him Makes it.

31 Is there any god like God? Are we not at bedrock?

32 Is not this the God who armed me, then aimed me in the right direction?

33 Now I run like a deer; I'm king of the mountain.

34 He shows me how to fight; I can bend a bronze bow!

35 You protect me with salvation-armor; you hold me up with a firm hand, caress me with your gentle ways.

36 You cleared the ground under me so my footing was firm.

37 When I chased my enemies I caught them; I didn't let go till they were dead men.

38 I nailed them; they were down for good; then I walked all over them.

39 You armed me well for this fight, you smashed the upstarts.

40 You made my enemies turn tail, and I wiped out the haters.

41 They cried "uncle" but Uncle didn't come; They yelled for God and got no for an answer.

42 I ground them to dust; they gusted in the wind. I threw them out, like garbage in the gutter.

43 You rescued me from a squabbling people; you made me a leader of nations. People I'd never heard of served me;

44 the moment they got wind of me they listened.

45 they came on their bellies, crawling from their hideouts.

46 Live, God! Blessings from my Rock, my free and freeing God, towering!

47 This God set things right for me and shut up the people who talked back.

48 He rescued me from enemy anger, he pulled me from the grip of upstarts, He saved me from the bullies.

49 That's why I'm thanking you, God, all over the world. That's why I'm singing songs that rhyme your name.

50 God's king takes the trophy; God's chosen is beloved. I mean David and all his children - always.

Sours: https://www.biblestudytools.com/msg/psalms/18.html
Psalm 18
1
Psalm 18 For the director of music. Of David the servant of the LORD. He sang to the LORD the words of this song when the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. He said:
1
I love you, O LORD, my strength.
2
The LORD is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer; my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge. He is my shield and the horn [1] of my salvation, my stronghold.
3
I call to the LORD, who is worthy of praise, and I am saved from my enemies.
4
The cords of death entangled me; the torrents of destruction overwhelmed me.
5
The cords of the grave [2] coiled around me; the snares of death confronted me.
6
In my distress I called to the LORD; I cried to my God for help. From his temple he heard my voice; my cry came before him, into his ears.
7
The earth trembled and quaked, and the foundations of the mountains shook; they trembled because he was angry.
8
Smoke rose from his nostrils; consuming fire came from his mouth, burning coals blazed out of it.
9
He parted the heavens and came down; dark clouds were under his feet.
10
He mounted the cherubim and flew; he soared on the wings of the wind.
11
He made darkness his covering, his canopy around him-- the dark rain clouds of the sky.
12
Out of the brightness of his presence clouds advanced, with hailstones and bolts of lightning.
13
The LORD thundered from heaven; the voice of the Most High resounded. [3]
14
He shot his arrows and scattered [the enemies], great bolts of lightning and routed them.
15
The valleys of the sea were exposed and the foundations of the earth laid bare at your rebuke, O LORD, at the blast of breath from your nostrils.
16
He reached down from on high and took hold of me; he drew me out of deep waters.
17
He rescued me from my powerful enemy, from my foes, who were too strong for me.
18
They confronted me in the day of my disaster, but the LORD was my support.
19
He brought me out into a spacious place; he rescued me because he delighted in me.
20
The LORD has dealt with me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands he has rewarded me.
21
For I have kept the ways of the LORD; I have not done evil by turning from my God.
22
All his laws are before me; I have not turned away from his decrees.
23
I have been blameless before him and have kept myself from sin.
24
The LORD has rewarded me according to my righteousness, according to the cleanness of my hands in his sight.
25
To the faithful you show yourself faithful, to the blameless you show yourself blameless,
26
to the pure you show yourself pure, but to the crooked you show yourself shrewd.
27
You save the humble but bring low those whose eyes are haughty.
28
You, O LORD, keep my lamp burning; my God turns my darkness into light.
29
With your help I can advance against a troop [4] ; with my God I can scale a wall.
30
As for God, his way is perfect; the word of the LORD is flawless. He is a shield for all who take refuge in him.
31
For who is God besides the LORD? And who is the Rock except our God?
32
It is God who arms me with strength and makes my way perfect.
33
He makes my feet like the feet of a deer; he enables me to stand on the heights.
34
He trains my hands for battle; my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
35
You give me your shield of victory, and your right hand sustains me; you stoop down to make me great.
36
You broaden the path beneath me, so that my ankles do not turn.
37
I pursued my enemies and overtook them; I did not turn back till they were destroyed.
38
I crushed them so that they could not rise; they fell beneath my feet.
39
You armed me with strength for battle; you made my adversaries bow at my feet.
40
You made my enemies turn their backs in flight, and I destroyed my foes.
41
They cried for help, but there was no one to save them-- to the LORD, but he did not answer.
42
I beat them as fine as dust borne on the wind; I poured them out like mud in the streets.
43
You have delivered me from the attacks of the people; you have made me the head of nations; people I did not know are subject to me.
44
As soon as they hear me, they obey me; foreigners cringe before me.
45
They all lose heart; they come trembling from their strongholds.
46
The LORD lives! Praise be to my Rock! Exalted be God my Savior!
47
He is the God who avenges me, who subdues nations under me,
48
who saves me from my enemies. You exalted me above my foes; from violent men you rescued me.
49
Therefore I will praise you among the nations, O LORD; I will sing praises to your name.
50
He gives his king great victories; he shows unfailing kindness to his anointed, to David and his descendants forever.
  1. [2] Horn here symbolizes strength.
  2. [5] Hebrew Sheol
  3. [13] Some Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint (see also 2 Samuel 22:14); most Hebrew manuscripts resounded, amid hailstones and bolts of lightning
  4. [29] Or can run through a barricade


Sours: https://web.mit.edu/jywang/www/cef/Bible/NIV/NIV_Bible/PS+18.html
  1. Managers at walmart salary
  2. Four wheel camper jacks
  3. Carb tuning for drag racing

Psalm 18

God is Alive and Well!

Psalm 18

An EasyEnglish Translation with Notes (about 1200 word vocabulary) on Psalm 18

www.easyenglish.bible

Gordon Churchyard

Words in boxes are from the Bible. Words in brackets, ( ), are not in the Hebrew Bible.

Peter got out of the boat. He walked on the sea towards Jesus. But then Peter saw that the sea was very angry. Peter became very frightened. He began to fall into the water. He shouted, "Save me, Lord". Immediately, Jesus put out his hand. He held on to Peter. They both climbed into the boat. The storm came to an end. (Part of Matthew 14:29-32.)

The story of Psalm 18

This is a very special psalm. It is so special that you will find it in 2 places in the Bible. It is here in the Book of Psalms. It is also in a part of the Bible that we call the Book of Samuel. Samuel is in 2 parts. I Samuel tells the story of David before he became king of Israel. 2 Samuel tells us the story of David after he became king. 1 Samuel also tells us about the lives of Samuel the prophet and Saul the king. Why is Psalm 18 in the Book of Samuel? (2 Samuel 22) Because it is David's own story of his life. Here we have put it in 6 parts. This gives help to everyone that reads it. It is like 6 different psalms. We can study it like that. But we must read the whole psalm to understand the life of David.. That is why it is also in 2 Samuel. The title (in brackets) of each part is not in the Hebrew Bible.

  (This is) for the music leader. 
(It is) for the servant of the LORD.
(It is) for David.
David spoke the words of this song.
David did this when the LORD saved David from his enemies.
Also, when the LORD saved David from Saul.

(Part 1: God is a Rock for David)

v1   I will love you, LORD.
  In you I am strong.

v2   The LORD is my rock and my fortress.
  He gives me help.
  God is my rock.
  I run and hide in his shadow.
  He is my shield.
  He is the one that saves me.
  He is my high tower.

v3   The LORD is someone that I must praise.
  He will save me from my enemies.

(Part 2: David asks for help)

v4   Death was all round me.
  God's enemies were following me.

v5   Sheol was tying me down.
  Death was catching me.

v6   In my trouble I prayed to the LORD.
  I shouted to my God for help.
  He heard my voice from his temple.
  My words went into his ears.

(Part 3: God answers David)

v7   So, the earth moved and shook.
  The foundations of the mountains shook.
  They moved because God was angry.

v8   Smoke rose from his nose.
  Burning fire came from his mouth.
  Burning coals shot out from him.

v9   God opened the heavens and came down.
  Dark clouds were under his feet.

v10   He sat on a cherub and he flew.
  God flew in the arms of the wind.

v11   God covered himself with darkness.
  He was in the dark waters and clouds in the skies.

v12   It was very bright where God was.
  Out of the clouds came hail and lightning.

v13   The LORD sent thunder from the heavens.
  People heard the voice of the Most High.
  There was hail and there was lightning.

v14   (The LORD) shot his arrows (of lightning).
  He made his enemies very frightened.
  He sent a lot of lightning and he beat his enemies.

v15   People saw how deep the sea was.
  They saw the foundations of the earth.
  This was because God blew on them through his nose.

v16   (The LORD) came down to me. He held me.
  He took me out from deep waters.

v17   He saved me from my powerful enemy.
  He saved me from people that hated me.
  They were too strong for me.

v18   It was a bad day for me when I met them.
  But the LORD gave me help.

v19   He led me out to a wide place.
  He saved me because he found pleasure in me.

(Part 4: Why God gives help to people)

v20 - v21   The LORD did this because:
  - I am righteous
  - my hands are clean
  - I obeyed the rules of the LORD
  - I did no evil
  - I did not turn away from God

v22   Really, all his rules are in front of me.
  I did not turn away from them

v23   I did nothing wrong before him.
  I did no sin.

v24   (The LORD) made me righteous.
  My hands are clean when he looks at me.

v25   To people that are kind, you (God) are kind.
  To people that do nothing wrong, you do nothing wrong.

v26   To people that are clean, you are clean.
  To people that turn away from you, you turn away from them.

v27   You will save humble people.
  You will not save people unless they are humble.

(Part 5: Everything that David owns comes from God)

v28   LORD, you make my light burn brightly.
  My God is my light in the dark.

v29   Really, in you I run up to a troop (of soldiers).
  In my God I can jump over a wall.

v30   The way of God is perfect.
  The word of the LORD is true.
  He is a shield for everyone that hides in him.

v31   Because who is God? Only the LORD!
  Who is a rock? Only our God!

v32   It is in God that I am strong.
  He makes my way perfect.

v33   He makes my feet like the feet of a goat.
  I do not fall on the hills.

v34   He teaches my hands to fight.
  My arms can bend a metal bow.

v35   (God) you made me into a winner.
  You bent down (to earth). You made me great.

v36   You made me take long steps.
  My ankles did not turn.

v37   I ran after my enemies. I caught them.
  I did not turn back until I had killed them.

v38   I knocked them down. They did not get up again.
  They fell beneath my feet.

v39   You made me strong for fighting.
  You made my enemies bend in front of me.

v40   You gave their necks to me.
  I destroyed my enemies.

v41   They cried for help but nobody saved them.
  They cried to the LORD but he did not answer.

v42   I cut them into small pieces in the wind.
  I put them on the streets as sand.

(Part 6: God made David king)

v43   You saved me from the people that attacked me.
  You made me the leader of the nations.
  I even rule people that I do not know.

v44   When they hear about me they obey me.
  Foreign people are afraid of me.

v45   They will not fight me.
  They do not hide in their fortresses.

v46   The LORD is alive. Praise my Rock.
  Lift high the God that saves me.

v47   He is the God that fights for me.
  He makes the nations obey me.

v48   He saves me from my enemies.
  You lifted me above those enemies.
  You saved me from angry men.

v49   LORD, I will praise you in all the nations.
  I will praise your name with songs.

v50   (The LORD) will give his king great power.
  He will always show kindness to his Messiah, to David.
  He will show kindness to his children.

Word list

tower ~ a high part of a fortress

shook ~ moved from side to side very fast

cherub ~ a servant of God that we cannot see: an angel

hail ~ rain made of ice

lightning ~ bright line of light in the sky in a storm

held ~ past tense of hold; fasten your hand on something

humble ~ people who think that they are not important

troop ~ a group of soldiers

perfect ~ as good as possible

What Psalm 18 means

Psalm 18 describes in pictures how God works. David did not see God. David only saw how God gave him help. Here are some examples:

  ·   David called God a rock. God was not really a rock. But when David needed help, God led David to a rock. David hid from his enemies behind the rock. So, David thought that God and the rock did the same job. When David saw a rock he remembered God! Can you think of other ways that rocks make us remember God?

  ·   God sent a bad storm to the enemies of David. There was rain, wind, clouds, hail, thunder and lightning. To David God was in the storm. God was enjoying it. The thunder was like God speaking. The storm obeyed God and it destroyed the enemies of David. So, when David saw a storm he remembered God. Can you think of another storm that obeyed God?

  ·   When David ran in the hills he did not fall. He was as good as a wild animal. His feet were like the feet of a goat. Really the animal in the psalm was a deer. A deer is like a small cow. It runs very fast and does not fall. David believed that God gave him feet as good as the feet of the deer. You will find other examples in the psalm. Make your own list. Put on it examples from other psalms. Put on it everything that makes you remember God.

God is a Rock for David

Verse 2: David calls God many different names to show what God is like. David hid from his enemies in the woods and fields and hills. He hid behind rocks and on the tops of hills. They were like fortresses. They were like the high towers that soldiers made. David said that they were like the shields that soldiers hid behind. They all made David remember God.

David asks for Help

Verses 4 – 5: David had many enemies. There was Saul and the friends of Goliath and Cush. (You can read about Cush in Psalm 7.) There were many others, even David's own son Absalom. They all wanted to kill David. This made David feel like a drowning man. He thought that he would soon be in Sheol. So he asked God for help.

God answers David

Verse 7: God gave David help by sending an earthquake. This is when the earth moves and breaks. Buildings fall down.

Verses 8 – 14: God gave David help by sending a great storm. The home of God is in heaven. The Jews believed that heaven was above the sky. David thought that the storm was God coming down to earth. God made people afraid.

Verse 15: The earthquake and the storm were so bad that people saw:

  ·   under the mountains

  ·   under the sea

Verses 16 – 19: God used earthquakes and storms to give help to David. God saved David from danger. God put David in a safe place.

Why God gives Help to his People

Verse 24: This is the most important part of the psalm for Christians. What happens when we become Christians? Psalm 18:24 tells us. God makes us righteous. This means that we are clean when God looks at us and that we are his friends as well. See below, after 'Something to do'.

Verses 20 – 23: When we are Christians we must become like this. God sees that we are clean. Now we must show everybody else.

Everything that David has comes from God

Verse 29: The wall is probably the wall of Jerusalem. David and his soldiers fought the troop inside Jerusalem. David won.

Verse 34: David was very strong to bend a metal bow.

Verse 36: This is because David has feet that can run like a wild animal.

Verse 40: Hundreds of years ago, men put their feet on the necks of people that they beat.

God made David King

Verse 50: Messiah in the psalm means David. To Christians it means Jesus. Nathan told David that God would always be kind to David and to his children. Nathan was a prophet like Samuel. David's children were the kings that came later. The last one was (and still is) Jesus.

Something to do

1.  How many names for God can you find in Psalm 18?

2.  Study Psalm 18:20-27. Why does God turn away some people?

3.  Remember the words of Jesus: Not everyone that calls me Lord will go to heaven. Only those that obey my Father (God). (Matthew 7:21)

The word RIGHTEOUS

This is a difficult word to understand. In the Bible it means 4 things. The context usually tells us what it means. The context is the verses before and after it in the Bible.

Here are the 4 things that it means:

1.  It tells us about God. It means that he has never done anything that is wrong. He has never broken his own rules. He has always done what is right.

2.  Even though only God is really righteous, he calls his friends righteous. It does not mean that they are good. It means that they have asked God to forgive them. The word "forgive" means "to give away". God gives away all the sin of the people that he forgives to Jesus. Jesus takes it away. This happened when Jesus died on the Cross at Calvary. By some strange way that we cannot understand, Jesus took our sins away. Our sins are the things that we do that are wrong, the things that we do that do not obey God's rules. When Jesus died, he took away the sins of the people that lived before him and that lived after him. That includes us ... if we ask!

3.  The people that God forgives usually try to obey God. They do what he tells them to do. This is also called "being righteous" in the Bible. When they fail, they pray again, "God, forgive me". God will always forgive us when we ask him.

4.  In the Old Testament, the Jews tried to obey the TORAH. This was all the rules in the Old Testament. Most of them were in the first 5 books of the Bible. The Jews called them the Torah. Later, other books like Isaiah and Jeremiah were also called Torah. Jews that kept these rules were called "righteous". This meaning of the word is not important for Christians today. They are righteous for reasons 2 and 3.

Righteous people have what the Bible calls RIGHTEOUSNESS. It means that they have asked God to forgive them. It does not mean that they are very good. It means that they are friends of Jesus, because they have asked him to take away their sin.

 

© 2001, Wycliffe Associates (UK)

This publication is written in EasyEnglish Level A (1200 words)

January 2001

Visit our website: www.easyenglish.bible

 

Sours: https://www.easyenglish.bible/psalms/psalm018-taw.htm

Psalm 18 New Living Translation

Thanksgiving for Deliverance

181 I love you, God - you make me strong. 2 God is bedrock under my feet, the castle in which I live, my rescuing knight. My God - the high crag where I run for dear life, hiding behind the boulders, safe in the granite hideout. 3 I sing to God, the Praise-Lofty, and find myself safe and saved. 4 The hangman's noose was tight at my throat; devil waters rushed over me. 5 Hell's ropes cinched me tight; death traps barred every exit. 6 A hostile world! I call to God, I cry to God to help me. From his palace he hears my call; my cry brings me right into his presence - a private audience! 7 Earth wobbles and lurches; huge mountains shake like leaves, Quake like aspen leaves because of his rage. 8 His nostrils flare, bellowing smoke; his mouth spits fire. Tongues of fire dart in and out; 9 he lowers the sky. He steps down; under his feet an abyss opens up. 10 He's riding a winged creature, swift on wind-wings. 11 Now he's wrapped himself in a trenchcoat of black-cloud darkness. 12 But his cloud-brightness bursts through, spraying hailstones and fireballs. 13 Then God thundered out of heaven; the High God gave a great shout, spraying hailstones and fireballs. 14 God shoots his arrows - pandemonium! He hurls his lightnings - a rout! 15 The secret sources of ocean are exposed, the hidden depths of earth lie uncovered The moment you roar in protest, let loose your hurricane anger. 16 But me he caught - reached all the way from sky to sea; he pulled me out 17 that enemy chaos, the void in which I was drowning. 18 They hit me when I was down, but God stuck by me. 19 He stood me up on a wide-open field; I stood there saved - surprised to be loved!

20 God made my life complete when I placed all the pieces before him. When I got my act together, he gave me a fresh start. 21 Now I'm alert to God's ways; I don't take God for granted. 22 Every day I review the ways he works; I try not to miss a trick. 23 I feel put back together, and I'm watching my step. 24 God rewrote the text of my life when I opened the book of my heart to his eyes. 25 The good people taste your goodness, The whole people taste your health, 26 The true people taste your truth, The bad ones can't figure you out. 27 You take the side of the down-and-out, But the stuck-up you take down a peg. 28 Suddenly, God, you floodlight my life; I'm blazing with glory, God's glory!

29 I smash the bands of marauders, I vault the highest fences. 30 What a God! His road stretches straight and smooth. Every God-direction is road-tested. Everyone who runs toward him Makes it. 31 Is there any god like God? Are we not at bedrock? 32 Is not this the God who armed me, then aimed me in the right direction? 33 Now I run like a deer; I'm king of the mountain. 34 He shows me how to fight; I can bend a bronze bow! 35 You protect me with salvation-armor; you hold me up with a firm hand, caress me with your gentle ways. 36 You cleared the ground under me so my footing was firm. 37 When I chased my enemies I caught them; I didn't let go till they were dead men. 38 I nailed them; they were down for good; then I walked all over them. 39 You armed me well for this fight, you smashed the upstarts. 40 You made my enemies turn tail, and I wiped out the haters. 41 They cried "uncle" but Uncle didn't come; They yelled for God and got no for an answer. 42 I ground them to dust; they gusted in the wind. I threw them out, like garbage in the gutter. 43 You rescued me from a squabbling people; you made me a leader of nations. People I'd never heard of served me; 44 the moment they got wind of me they listened. 45 they came on their bellies, crawling from their hideouts. 46 Live, God! Blessings from my Rock, my free and freeing God, towering! 47 This God set things right for me and shut up the people who talked back. 48 He rescued me from enemy anger, he pulled me from the grip of upstarts, He saved me from the bullies. 49 That's why I'm thanking you, God, all over the world. That's why I'm singing songs that rhyme your name. 50 God's king takes the trophy; God's chosen is beloved. I mean David and all his children - always.

Sours: https://www.christianity.com/bible/bible.php?q=Psalm+18&ver=nlt,msg

Message bible 18 psalms

Psalm 18 – Great Praise from a Place of Great Victory

This is a long psalm; there are only three psalms longer in the entire collection (78, 89, and 119). Its length is well suited to its theme, as described in the title. The title itself is long, with only one longer in the psalter (Psalm 60): To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David the servant of the LORD, who spoke to the LORD the words of this song on the day that the Lord delivered him from the hand of all of his enemies and from the hand of Saul. And he said:

In the title David tells us whom the psalm was written for: God Himself, who is the Chief Musician. He tells us more about himself, that we should consider him the servant of the LORD. He tells us the occasion for the writing of the psalm – possibly not only the immediate aftermath of Saul’s death (described in 1 Samuel 31; 2 Samuel 1), but also of the period leading to David’s enthronement (2 Samuel 2-5). He tells us also something about Saul, who out of great, undeserved kindness on David’s part, is not explicitly counted among the enemies of David (from the hand of all of his enemies and from the hand of Saul).

This psalm is virtually the same as the psalm sung by David at the very end of his life, as recorded in 2 Samuel 22. It is likely that David composed this song as a younger man; yet in his old age David could look back with great gratitude and sing this song again, looking at his whole life.

A. God’s past deliverance for David.

1. (1-3) David praises the God of his deliverance.

I will love You, O LORD, my strength.
The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer;
My God, my strength, in whom I will trust;
My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.
I will call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised;
So shall I be saved from my enemies.

a. I will love You, O LORD: This was a triumphant declaration made in a season of great triumph. It is true that David decided to love the LORD, but even more true that he simply felt compelled to love the LORD who delivered him so wonderfully.

i. Since he was taken from the sheepfold and anointed the future king of Israel, David had lived some 20 or so years as a fugitive, and as a man who had lost everything. He lost his safety, he lost his youth, he lost his family, he lost his career, he lost his rights, he lost his connection with the covenant people of God, he lost his comforts, and at times he even lost his close relationship with God. Despite all, he remained steadfast to the Lord, and God – in His timing – delivered David and fulfilled the long-ago promise of his anointing.

ii. In saying, “I will love You,” David used a somewhat unusual word. “This word for love is an uncommon one, impulsive and emotional. Found elsewhere only in its intensive forms, it usually expresses the compassionate love of the stronger for the weaker.” (Boice)

iii. “Hebrew, I will love thee dearly and entirely…from the very heart-root.” (Trapp)

iv. “The precluding invocation in vv. 1-3 at once touches the high-water mark of Old Testament devotion, and is conspicuous among its noblest utterances. Nowhere else in Scripture is the form of the word employed which is here used for ‘love.’ It has special depth and tenderness.” (Maclaren)

v. David said, “I will love You” to the God who delivered him, not only for rescuing him from his trial, but for all God did in and through the trials to make him what he was. David wasn’t bitter against God, as if he said, “Well, it’s about time You delivered me.” Instead he was grateful that the years of trouble had done something good and necessary in his life.

b. The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer: David knew this to be true before, but he knew it by faith. Now David sang from a perspective that knew this by experience in a greater way than ever before.

i. When David said, “The LORD is my rock,” he likely meant it in more than one sense. A rock was of help to the ancient Judean in several ways.

· It could provide essential shade, always needed in the merciless sun and heat of the desert (as in Isaiah 32:2).

· It could provide shelter and protection in its cracks and crevasses (as in Exodus 33:22 and Proverbs 30:26).

· It could provide a firm place to stand and fight, as opposed to sinking sand (as in Psalm 40:2).

c. My God, my strength, in whom I will trust: David knew the triumph of God’s strength over the long trial. Many people fall under the excruciating length of an extended season of trial, and David almost did (1 Samuel 27; 29-30).

i. That fact that David saw his God as his strength reminds us of the promise later expressed through Paul: Be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might (Ephesians 6:10).

d. My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold: As David listed honoring name for God upon honoring name (we can count nine just in these first few verses), we get the feeling of a flood of praise and emotion from David. He can’t say enough about who God is and the great things He has done for David.

i. It is revealing that David can speak so eloquently about his God and what God has done for him. As Maclaren says, “The whole is one long, loving accumulation of dear names.” This means that David both knew God and had experienced God.

ii. In these nine titles, we see what God was for David:

· His strength, the One who empowered him to survive against and defeat his enemies.

· His rock, which indicates a place of shelter, safety, and a secure standing.

· His fortress, a place of strength and safety.

· His deliverer, the One who made a way of escape for him.

· His God, “my strong God, not only the object of my adoration, but he who puts strength in my soul.” (Clarke)

· His strength, but this uses a different Hebrew word than in Psalm 18:1. According to Clarke, the idea behind this word is fountain, source, origin.

· His shield, who defends both his head and his heart.

· His horn, meaning his strength and defense.

· His stronghold, his high tower of refuge where he could see an enemy from a great distance and be protected from the adversary.

iii. “When he was conscious that the object of his worship was such as he has pointed out in the above nine particulars, it is no wonder that he resolves to call upon him; and no wonder that he expects, in consequence, to be saved from his enemies; for who can destroy him whom such a God undertakes to save?” (Clarke)

e. I will call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised; so shall I be saved from my enemies: In previous psalms David cried out to God from times of intense crisis; now he cries out to God with the same strength to praise Him for His deliverance. It is sad to say that many are far more passionate in asking for help than they ever are in giving thanks or praise.

i. The thought, “So shall I be saved from my enemies” did not always come easily for David. Not very long before this great season of victory, he said to himself: Now I shall perish someday by the hand of Saul. There is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape to the land of the Philistines (1 Samuel 27:1). This shows that there were times when David deeply doubted the final victory he now enjoyed; but it also shows that in the end, his faith – and more importantly, God’s strength – was greater than his weakness.

ii. Therefore, at this point, it is all a song of praise for David. “To be saved singing is to be saved indeed. Many are saved mourning and doubting; but David had such faith that he could fight singing, and win the battle with a song still on his lips.” (Spurgeon)

2. (4-6) The danger that made David cry out to the LORD.

The pangs of death surrounded me,
And the floods of ungodliness made me afraid.
The sorrows of Sheol surrounded me;
The snares of death confronted me.
In my distress I called upon the LORD,
And cried out to my God;
He heard my voice from His temple,
And my cry came before Him, even to His ears.

a. The pangs of death surrounded me, and the floods of ungodliness made me afraid: David described two threats: first, the threat of death, and second the floods of ungodliness. The overwhelming presence of ungodliness was a significant trial to David.

i. This reminds us that despite the fact that David was a true warrior, he was also a sensitive soul who was troubled by the deeds and words of the ungodly.

b. The sorrows of Sheol surrounded me: This was another way of saying that David was threatened with death. Sheol is another word for the grave or death.

c. He heard my voice from His temple: This was long before the later building of the temple in the days of Solomon. The city of Jerusalem wasn’t even in Israeli control at the time David wrote this (not until 2 Samuel 5:6-10). Yet David knew that God had a temple, a heavenly temple that was the model for the tabernacle and the later temple (Exodus 25:9, 25:40), and that God heard prayer from heaven.

i. What did God hear from His temple? God heard David’s cry (cried out to my God). “This same poor man cried, and the cry set Jehovah’s activity in motion. The deliverance of a single soul may seem a small thing, but if the single soul has prayed it is no longer small, for God’s good name is involved.” (Maclaren)

3. (7-15) The majestic deliverance God brought to David.

Then the earth shook and trembled;
The foundations of the hills also quaked and were shaken,
Because He was angry.
Smoke went up from His nostrils,
And devouring fire from His mouth;
Coals were kindled by it.
He bowed the heavens also, and came down
With darkness under His feet.
And He rode upon a cherub, and flew;
He flew upon the wings of the wind.
He made darkness His secret place;
His canopy around Him was dark waters
And thick clouds of the skies.
From the brightness before Him,
His thick clouds passed with hailstones and coals of fire.

The LORD thundered from heaven,
And the Most High uttered His voice,
Hailstones and coals of fire.
He sent out His arrows and scattered the foe,
Lightnings in abundance, and He vanquished them.
Then the channels of the sea were seen,
The foundations of the world were uncovered
At Your rebuke, O LORD,
At the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.

a. Then the earth shook and trembled: David describes the dramatic deliverance God brought to him. It was marked by earthquakes, the indignation of God (He was angry), smoke and fire, and the personal intervention of God (He rode upon a cherub, and flew).

i. “When a monarch is angry, and prepares for war, his whole kingdom is instantly in commotion. Universal nature is here represented as feeling the effects of its sovereign’s displeasure, and all the visible elements are disordered.” (Horne)

ii. Smoke went up from His nostrils: “A violent [Middle Eastern] method of expressing fierce wrath. Since the breath from the nostrils is heated by strong emotion, the figure portrays the Almighty Deliverer as pouring forth smoke in the heat of his wrath and the impetuousness of his zeal.” (Spurgeon)

iii. He rode upon a cherub, and flew: David here emphasized the speed of God’s deliverance. “As swiftly as the wind. He came to my rescue with all speed.” (Poole) We may fairly wonder if it seemed speedy to David at the time.

iv. This terminology of David emphasizes the judgment of God; but since the judgment is directed against David’s enemies, it means deliverance for David. God won this victory against David’s strong enemy, against those who hated David (Psalm 18:16-17).

v. There is a larger principle here: understanding that deliverance for a righteous person or people often means judgment against those who oppress them.

b. The LORD thundered from heaven: David set phrase upon phrase in describing the great work of God on his behalf. According to David’s description, God moved heaven, sky, earth, and sea to deliver David.

i. When David described help coming to him through earthquakes, thunder, storms, and lightning, he clearly used poetic images from the way God delivered Israel from Egypt, at Mount Sinai, and during the conquest of Canaan under Joshua. Yet it is also entirely possible – if not probable – that he also literally saw such phenomenon sent from God to protect and fight for him. Though such events are not recorded in 1 or 2 Samuel, we remember that there were long periods of David’s life (such as when he was hunted as a fugitive from Saul) of which we have few descriptions of events. He must have experienced God’s deliverance again and again in a variety of ways.

ii. The way David describes it all leaves us with two impressions. First, he really believed those things happened as recorded in the Bible. Second, he saw the same God do similar things for him in his own day.

iii. Significantly, we might say that David could only really see this once his deliverance was accomplished. In the midst of his trial, David had many reasons and occasions to wonder where the delivering hand of God was. God’s deliverance is always seen most clearly looking back; looking forward it is often only seen by faith.

4. (16-19) David set in safety.

He sent from above, He took me;
He drew me out of many waters.
He delivered me from my strong enemy,
From those who hated me,
For they were too strong for me.
They confronted me in the day of my calamity,
But the LORD was my support.
He also brought me out into a broad place;
He delivered me because He delighted in me.

a. He took me; He drew me out of many waters. He delivered me from my strong enemy: David felt that he was drowning when the strong hand of God picked him out of many waters. Like a man caught up in a flood, David knew that his enemies were too strong for him, but that God could deliver him.

i. “Some will not see the hand of God, but I warrant you, brethren, those who have been delivered out of the deep waters will see it. Their experience teaches them that God is yet among us.” (Spurgeon)

b. He also brought me out into a broad place: The strong hand of God not only plucked David from the flood, but it also set him in a safe place.

c. He delivered me because He delighted in me: We can say that David meant this in two ways. First, he delighted in David in the sense that He chose him, anointed him, and set His marvelous lovingkindness (Psalm 17:7) upon David. Second, he delighted in David because he lived a righteous life, as explained in the following verses.

i. “Deliverance from sin, deliverance from evil propensities, deliverance from spiritual enemies – each deliverance bears evidence of God’s love to us…. How much he delights in you it is not possible to say. The Father delights in you, and looks upon you with doting love; like as a father takes pleasure in his child, so does he rejoice over you.” (Spurgeon)

5. (20-24) God delivered David because of his righteousness.

The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness;
According to the cleanness of my hands
He has recompensed me.
For I have kept the ways of the LORD,
And have not wickedly departed from my God.
For all His judgments were before me,
And I did not put away His statutes from me.
I was also blameless before Him,
And I kept myself from my iniquity.
Therefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness,
According to the cleanness of my hands in His sight.

a. The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness: During his long season of affliction under Saul, David was challenged to respond in unrighteous ways. He had many opportunities to strike out against Saul as a matter of self-defense. Yet David consistently conducted himself in righteousness and knew that God rewarded him because of it.

b. I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God…. I was also blameless before Him, and I kept myself from my iniquity: This was not a claim of sinless perfection on David’s part. In fact, the year or so before the death of King Saul was spent in some significant measure of spiritual and moral compromise (1 Samuel 27; 29-30). Yet through it all David kept a core of integrity toward God, was correctable despite his failings, and most importantly did not fail in the greatest test: to not give in to the temptation to gain the throne through killing or undermining Saul.

i. We believe this psalm – twice recorded in Scripture, with minor variations, both here and in 2 Samuel 22 – actually speaks from two contexts. Here, according to the title, it was sung first from David’s victory over Saul and receiving of the throne of Israel. In 2 Samuel 22 David sang it as a grateful retrospect over his entire life. He can say “I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God” in both contexts, but with somewhat different meaning. It meant one thing to say it before his sin with Bathsheba and against Uriah; it was another thing to say it after that sin.

ii. Spurgeon explained how the statement could be true both before and after the scandal with Bathsheba: “Before God the man after God’s own heart was a humble sinner, but before his slanderers he could with unblushing face speak of the ‘cleanness of his hands’ and the righteousness of his life.”

iii. Nevertheless, we can largely agree with Adam Clarke: “The times in which David was most afflicted were the times of his greatest uprightness. Adversity was always to him a time of spiritual prosperity.”

c. I kept myself from my iniquity: Some think this is arrogance or pride on David’s part. Spurgeon quotes one commentator who protested, “Kept himself! Who made man his own keeper?” Yet we know there is certainly a sense in which we must keep ourselves from sin, even as Paul spoke of a man cleansing himself for God’s glory and for greater service (2 Timothy 2:21).

i. We may see a personal danger in the words, my iniquity. It shows that there is iniquity in every person, and that we must be on special guard against our own tendencies to sin, to practice iniquity. It is true that all we like sheep have gone astray; but we have also turned each one to our own way. Our iniquity may be in us from birth; it may have been educated into us by a bad family or by bad company. Our iniquity may come to us through temptations, through adversity, or through prosperity – even by our blessings.

ii. These words of David also tell us of a special guard. David was determined to keep himself from his iniquity. “Be resolved in the power of the Holy Spirit that this particular sin shall be overcome. There is nothing like hanging it up by the neck, that very sin, I mean. Do not fire at sin indiscriminately; but, if thou hast one sin that is more to thee than another, drag it out from the crowd, and say, ‘Thou must die if no other does. I will hang thee up in the face of the sun.’” (Spurgeon)

iii. One may object: “Yet David did not keep himself from his iniquity, and some years after this he sinned with Bathsheba, and he grievously sinned against Uriah.” That is true, and David was disciplined greatly for that sin. Nevertheless, we never hear of him sinning in a similar way after his repentance from that terrible transgression. There is a real sense in which after his repentance, David did keep himself from his iniquity. As Benjamin Franklin wrote: “Many princes sin with David, but few repent with him.”

d. Therefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness: David resisted the remarkably strong temptation to depose Saul and take the throne promised to him by either violence or intrigue. This was the consistent expression of righteousness that the LORD rewarded by giving David a throne that could not be taken from him.

i. David here simply testified to his clean conscience, which is a good and wonderful thing. “A godly man has a clear conscience, and knows himself to be upright; is he to deny his own consciousness, and to despise the work of the Holy Ghost, by hypocritically making himself out to be worse than he is?” (Spurgeon)

6. (25-27) An abiding principle of God’s dealing with man.

With the merciful You will show Yourself merciful;
With a blameless man You will show Yourself blameless;
With the pure You will show Yourself pure;
And with the devious You will show Yourself shrewd.
For You will save the humble people,
But will bring down haughty looks.

a. With the merciful You will show Yourself merciful: David understood a basic principle of God’s dealing with men; that God often treats a man in the same way that man treats others.

i. Jesus explained this principle in the Sermon on the Mount: For with what judgment you judge, you will be judged; and with the measure you use, it will be measured back to you (Matthew 7:2). Human nature wants to use a small measure of mercy with others, but wants a large measure of mercy from God. Jesus told us to expect the same measure from God that we give to others.

ii. “Note that even the merciful need mercy; no amount of generosity to the poor, or forgiveness to enemies, can set us beyond the need of mercy.” (Spurgeon)

iii. “The attitude of God towards men is created by their attitude towards Him.” (Morgan) This principle works in a positive way; those who show great mercy are given great mercy. It also works in a negative way: with the devious You will show Yourself shrewd. One illustration of this was how God used the shrewd Laban to educate the devious Jacob (Genesis 27-28).

iv. It is significant that this appears in the psalm that celebrates David’s victory over Saul. Both sides of this principle (God’s dealing with the merciful and the devious) were mightily illustrated in the lives of David and Saul through their ongoing conflict.

v. Translators have had trouble with the second half of Psalm 18:26, because it communicates a difficult concept. It’s easy say that if a man is pure toward God, then God will be pure to him. But you can’t say that if a man is wicked toward God, then God will be wicked toward him, because God can’t do wickedness. So, “David expresses the second half of the parallel by a somewhat ambiguous word, the root meaning of which is ‘twisted.’ The verse actually says, ‘To the twisted (or crooked) you will show yourself twisted (or crooked)’…. The idea seems to be that if a person insists in going devious ways in his dealings with God, God will outwit him, as that man deserves.” (Boice)

vi. Leviticus 26:23-24 promises such a thing: And if by these things you are not reformed by Me, but walk contrary to Me, then I also will walk contrary to you, and I will punish you yet seven times for your sins.

b. You will save the humble people, but will bring down haughty looks: God loves to give grace to the humble, and likewise resists the proud (James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5).

i. Humble people: The idea behind the Hebrew word ani refers to the poor, afflicted, and needy ones. God’s care for these humble people is found in several psalms (Psalm 10:2, 22:24, 35:10, 68:10), though the Hebrew word ani may be translated differently in different places.

B. God’s present and future power for David.

1. (28-30) God gives His light and word to empower David.

For You will light my lamp;
The LORD my God will enlighten my darkness.
For by You I can run against a troop,
By my God I can leap over a wall.
As for God, His way is perfect;
The word of the LORD is proven;
He is a shield to all who trust in Him.

a. For You will light my lamp: David now moves from joyful thanks for the past to confidence in the future. The same God who brought him to the throne would give him the light he needed to rule and enlighten his darkness.

b. For by You I can run against a troop, by my God I can leap over a wall: This gives thanks for past victories, and thanks God for present strength. One might think that after the 20-some years of living as a fugitive from Saul, David would simply be exhausted. This was not the case; God empowering him, he felt strong enough to accomplish superhuman feats.

i. “By thee I have broken through the armed troops of mine enemies. I have scaled the walls of their strongest cities and castles, and so taken them.” (Poole)

ii. “With faith, how easy all exploits become! When we have no faith, though, to fight with enemies, and overcome difficulties, is hard work indeed; but, when we have faith, oh, how easy our victories! What does the believer do? There is a troop, – well, he runs in faith, then, to fight with enemies, and overcome difficulties is hard wall, what about that? He leaps over it. It is amazing how easy life becomes when a man has faith. Does faith diminish difficulties? Oh, no, it increaseth them; but it increaseth his strength to overcome them. If thou hast faith, thou shalt have trials; but thou shalt do great exploits, endure great privations, and get triumphant victories.” (Spurgeon)

c. His way is perfect; the word of the LORD is proven: David spoke of the great things he could do as empowered by God, but he came back to the thought of the greatness of God. He considered the perfection of His way, and the proven character of His word.

i. The word of the LORD is proven: “Literally tried in the fire. It has stood all tests; and has never failed those who pleaded it before its author.” (Clarke)

ii. David could say “the word of the LORD is proven” from his personal experience. The word given to David – that he would be the next king of Israel, plus hundreds of smaller promises – had been proven true.

iii. Many do not know this from their own experience because they will never allow themselves to be put in a situation where God must prove His word true. David knew the truth of this from the extreme circumstances of his life.

2. (31-36) God gives David strength and skill.

For who is God, except the LORD?
And who is a rock, except our God?
It is God who arms me with strength,
And makes my way perfect.
He makes my feet like the feet of deer,
And sets me on my high places.
He teaches my hands to make war,
So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.

You have also given me the shield of Your salvation;
Your right hand has held me up,
Your gentleness has made me great.
You enlarged my path under me,
So my feet did not slip.

a. For who is God, except the LORD? David here celebrated the reality of the God of Israel against the illusions of the gods of the nations. The Philistines, the Moabites, the Edomites, and all the rest had their gods; but only Yahweh (the LORD) is God.

i. “Vain were the idols of the ancient world, Baal and Jupiter; as vain are those of modern times – pleasure, honour, and profit. They cannot bestow content, or make their votaries happy below; much less can they deliver from death, or open the everlasting doors above.” (Horne)

b. It is God who arms me with strength…. He makes my feet like the feet of deer: David knew by experience the strength of God given to him, and also the skill to use such strength. This skill was like the skill that deer have, who can run effortlessly upon the high places.

i. David sang about the way God helped him make war (as in 2 Samuel 8). God gave him strength, helped him run swiftly and on a secure path (makes my way perfect…feet like the feet of deer), made him strong enough to bend a bow of bronze, and gave him the shield of Your salvation. As a warrior, David knew God as one who helped him make war triumphantly. As God gave David what he needed (physical strength and skill), God will also give us what we need.

ii. Kidner suggests that the bow of bronze was actually a wooden bow that was reinforced with metal.

c. Your right hand has held me up; Your gentleness has made me great: David was held by the strength and skill of God’s right hand, and made great by the gentleness of God.

i. We don’t often think of someone being made great by the gentleness of God. It is easy to underestimate the power of God’s gentleness, and we often want a more evidently spectacular work from God. Yet David – this great warrior – received from and responded to the gentleness of God.

ii. We can say this was the gentleness of God in at least two respects. It was the gentleness that God showed to David, and the gentleness that David learned from God and showed to others. “While it was the gentleness God exercised that allowed David his success, it was the gentleness God taught him that was his true greatness.” (Kidner)

iii. God had shown His gentleness to David in many ways, and there were even more ways after his victory over Saul and taking of the throne.

· God’s gentleness was great to David when he was a despised member of his family, neglected, ignored, tending the sheep in solitude.

· God’s gentleness was great to David when He consoled his soul when Saul began to envy and hate him.

· God’s gentleness was great to David when He gave him a friend like Jonathan.

· God’s gentleness was great to David when He allowed him to have the holy bread at the tabernacle as he was fleeing from Saul.

· God’s gentleness was great to David when He told Abigail about Nabal, thereby keeping David from slaughtering a foolish man and his family.

· God’s gentleness was great to David when He granted him the self-control to spare Saul’s life – twice.

· God’s gentleness was great to David when He protected him even when he was foolish, such as when he acted like a madman in the court of a Philistine ruler.

· God’s gentleness was great to David when He prevented him fighting on behalf of the Philistines against Saul and Israel.

· God’s gentleness was great to David when He comforted him after David had lost all at Ziklag; where David encouraged himself in the LORD and afterwards recovered all.

iv. We notice also what this gentleness of God did: it made David great. We can say that the gentleness of God makes every believer great also, more than they often consider.

· In this world, some people are thought to be great because of their royal birth; who has a greater claim to royal birth than the son or daughter of the King of Kings?

 ·In this world, some people are thought to be great because of their election; what greater election is there than to be the elect of God?

· In this world, some people are thought to be great because of their wealth; who has greater riches than the children and heirs of the God who owns all?

· In this world, some people are thought to be great because of their victories; who has achieved greater victory than the one who is in unity with Jesus Christ, the greatest champion of all?

· In this world, some people are thought to be great because of their influence; who has greater influence than the child of God who can move the hand of God with his faithful and righteous prayers?

· In this world, some people are thought to be great because of their discoveries; who has discovered anything greater than the nature of the infinite and eternal God?

· In this world, some people are thought to be great because of their history; who has a greater heritage than a member of the body of Christ as it spans through the ages and generations?

· In this world, some people are thought to be great because of their destiny; who has a more glorious and amazing destiny than the heirs of His glory, those who are His own inheritance?

3. (37-42) God gives David victory over his enemies.

I have pursued my enemies and overtaken them;
Neither did I turn back again till they were destroyed.
I have wounded them,
So that they could not rise;
They have fallen under my feet.
For You have armed me with strength for the battle;
You have subdued under me those who rose up against me.
You have also given me the necks of my enemies,
So that I destroyed those who hated me.
They cried out, but there was none to save;
Even to the LORD, but He did not answer them.
Then I beat them as fine as the dust before the wind;
I cast them out like dirt in the streets.

a. I have pursued my enemies and overtaken them: Here David had in mind those other than Saul. David knew that as King of Israel he would have to face enemies from surrounding nations, and here he celebrated the past victories God gave him against his enemies.

b. Neither did I turn back again till they were destroyed…. You have also given me the necks of my enemies: David fought as a true warrior, and sought to utterly defeat the enemies of Israel on the field of battle. He properly believed that God gave him the victory over these enemies.

i. “Thou hast made me a complete conqueror. Treading on the neck of an enemy was the triumph of the conqueror, and the utmost disgrace of the vanquished.” (Clarke)

ii. “Of David we may say, as one did of Julius Caesar, you may perceive him to have been an excellent soldier by his very language; for he wrote with the same spirit he fought.” (Trapp)

4. (43-49) God establishes David’s throne.

You have delivered me from the strivings of the people;
You have made me the head of the nations;
A people I have not known shall serve me.
As soon as they hear of me they obey me;
The foreigners submit to me.
The foreigners fade away,
And come frightened from their hideouts.
The LORD lives!
Blessed be my Rock!
Let the God of my salvation be exalted.
It is God who avenges me,
And subdues the peoples under me;
He delivers me from my enemies.
You also lift me up above those who rise against me;
You have delivered me from the violent man.
Therefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the Gentiles,
And sing praises to Your name.

a. You have delivered me from the strivings of the people: David knew that taking the throne of Israel was more than just a matter of removing Saul. There were also the strivings of the people, of those who did not immediately support David as king over a united Israel (2 Samuel 2-5).

b. You have made me the head of the nations; a people I have not known shall serve me: David also knew that God would raise him up not only as the King of Israel, but as a regional power with authority over neighboring nations who brought him tribute.

i. Isaiah 55:3-5 (and other passages) tell us that this promise will have an even greater fulfillment in the millennial kingdom of Jesus Christ, when David will be the king over the millennial Israel, which will be exalted above the other nations of the earth.

ii. As soon as they hear of me they obey me: We could say that Psalm 18:44 tells us how we should obey Jesus. This not only tells us of the obligation of the believer, but also that one can immediately come to Jesus Christ, be converted, and live obediently to God. No probation period is necessary.

iii. “If any of you have thought that trusting Christ does not involve obeying him, you have made a great mistake. They do very wrong who cry up believing in Christ, and yet depreciate obedience to him, for obeying is believing in another form, and springs out of believing.” (Spurgeon)

c. The LORD lives! Blessed be my Rock: All of this made David love and honor the LORD more than ever. He gave praise to God for the great things He had done. He had truly delivered David from the violent man, most notably the murderous Saul who hunted him.

i. “If we begin with ‘The Lord is my Rock,’ we shall end with ‘Blessed be my Rock.’” (Maclaren)

d. Therefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the Gentiles, and sing praises to Your name: On one level, this was David praising God for his deliverance and safety among his neighboring kingdoms. On a second level, Paul quotes this in Romans 15:8-12 as the first of four Old Testament prophesies demonstrating that the work of Jesus Christ was not only for the Jewish people, but for the Gentiles also.

i. “And therefore David is here transported beyond himself, even to his seed forever, as it is expressed in Psalm 18:50, and speaks this in special relation to Christ.” (Poole)

ii. “While David may have thought only of Yahweh’s fame spread abroad, his words at their full value portray the Lord’s anointed (Psalm 18:50), ultimately the Messiah, praising Him among – in fellowship with – a host of Gentile worshippers.” (Kidner)

iii. “At this point we are encouraged to look back over the entire psalm for messianic meanings.” (Boice) We can see many pictures of Jesus and His work in this psalm:

· Psalm 18:1-6 suggests His death (the pangs of death encompassed me…the sorrows of Sheol surrounded me; the snares of death confronted me).

· Psalm 18:7-18 suggests His resurrection (the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of the hills also quaked and were shaken…. He sent from above, He took me; He drew me out of many waters. He delivered me from my strong enemy).

· Psalm 18:19-27 suggests His exaltation (I have kept the ways of the LORD…. I was also blameless before Him…. Therefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness).

· Psalm 18:28-42 suggests His victory (For by You I can run against a troop…. I have pursued my enemies and overtaken them). Jesus was strong enough to run against a troop and be victorious; the enemies against Jesus were strong and disciplined; yet Christ confronted them and defeated them. Jesus was great enough to jump over a wall: the wall of God’s holy law that separated us from Him. He didn’t destroy the wall; instead with His holy life He jumped over it and fulfilled the law on our behalf.

· Psalm 18:43-50 suggests His kingdom (You have made me the head of the nations…. The foreigners submit to me…. You also lift me up above those who rise against me…. Therefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the Gentiles).

iv. While the use of Psalm 18:49 in Romans 15:9 does show that the Holy Spirit spoke of Jesus and His work here, it also has a unique application to David himself. “There is a sense in which it applies particularly to David, well observed by Theodoret: ‘We see,’ says he, ‘evidently the fulfilment of this prophecy; for even to the present day David praises the Lord among the Gentiles by the mouth of true believers; seeing there is not a town, village, hamlet, country, nor even a desert, where Christians dwell, in which God is not praised by their singing the Psalms of David.’” (Clarke)

5. (50) God blesses His anointed king.

Great deliverance He gives to His king,
And shows mercy to His anointed,
To David and his descendants forevermore.

a. Great deliverance He gives to His king: David could say this with confidence, not only that God would give him deliverance, but also more importantly that he was His king. David knew this because he did all that he could to make sure that he did not seize or usurp the throne. He let God give it to him in time. David therefore had the blessed benefit of knowing that he was God’s king, and not one of his own making.

b. And shows mercy to His anointed: David perhaps thought back some 20 years before, when he was first anointed for the throne that he now received. It had been a long, but important journey between the time of his anointing and his receiving the throne.

c. To David and his descendants forevermore: Here David understood something by either intuition or by faith, something that would not be specifically promised to him until later. The promise was that David (and not Saul) would begin a hereditary monarchy in Israel, and that his descendants would also sit on the throne of Israel. This was the promise to build a house for David that God explicitly made in 2 Samuel 7:1-17.

(c) 2020 The Enduring Word Bible Commentary by David Guzik – ewm@enduringword.com

Sours: https://enduringword.com/bible-commentary/psalm-18/
DESPERATE Series (#1) - Psalm 18

Action and energy: A closer look at Psalm 18

Psalm 18 is particularly instructive and exceptionally clear. It speaks about a very active God in heaven and about a man on earth who is wholehearted and eager to carry out God's will and work.

It begins with this stirring, unequivocal, wholehearted declaration: “I will love You, O Lord, my strength. The Lord is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.” Psalm 18:1-2.

You can build and accomplish something on such a foundation. David stood on this foundation in the days of tribulation when he was confronted by the sorrows and snares of death.

Then he cried out to his God, and God heard him in His temple. It was the prayer of a righteous man, pure and undefiled by idolatry. The result was not long in coming. “Then the earth shook and trembled … Smoke went up from His nostrils, and devouring fire from His mouth; coals were kindled by it.” Psalm 18:7-8. There was an exceptional reaction and action by God: “He sent from above, He took me; He drew me out of many waters. He delivered me …” Psalm 18:16-17. What action and energy! The result was an overwhelming victory!

The entire psalm is a blow against false grace and false preaching—the preaching that takes away our personal responsibility and our part in the covenant. The preaching that says that what we do means so little because “everything is by grace” is a counterfeit Word of God. True grace leads to work and action. What God does is often a reaction to our action and our longing. This is how God is honored, for it is He who works both to will and to do; but He gets nowhere without our obedience.

David understood this, and when he analyzed God's mighty intervention and wondrous acts, he said, “The Lord rewarded me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.” Psalm 18:20. As far as David was concerned, God's answer to his prayer was a recompense and reward for his wholehearted effort. He had kept the ways of the Lord; all His statutes were before him, and he kept himself from his iniquity (Psalm 18:21-23). What a man! What a giant of God in the old covenant!

David repeats that it was the Lord's recompense because of his purity before the Lord's eyes. “With the merciful You will show Yourself merciful; with a blameless man You will show Yourself blameless; with the pure You will show Yourself pure.” There is great seriousness in what follows next: “With the devious You will show Yourself shrewd.” Another translation says, “You will lead the devious astray” (Psalm 18:25-26.) In other words, one is led astray into thinking, suspecting, and drawing wrong conclusions, and on this basis the person measures and weighs God and draws His displeasure over his life so that he never gets to know David's God.

Everything was so brilliantly clear for David. How do I see my situations, my fellow men, my brothers, the church, even God Himself? The dark spot that we see often mirrors corresponding dark spots in our own heart. This was not so in David's heart; therefore God could be so totally one with him in His mighty power.

David was led from victory to victory. “As for God, His way is perfect …” Psalm 18:30. In other words, he had nothing to complain about; he was not dissatisfied.

The rest of the psalm is an exemplary testimony of constant victory, of the total destruction of the enemy. He uses the strongest expressions: running against a troop, leaping over a wall, pursuing my enemies till they were destroyed. Everything that was an enemy was totally destroyed, with the result that the psalm ends with praises to God who had shown such mercy to His anointed, to David. He did not claim any honor or a victory medal for himself.

God has not changed one iota during all these years. As He treated David, so He treats you and me. He is not partial. The only thing that matters is how we have it in our heart.

The whole triumphal procession started with: “I will love You, O Lord, my strength.” Psalm 18:1. If this is true in us, God will move heaven and earth for our and my sakes.

Sours: https://activechristianity.org/action-and-energy-a-closer-look-at-psalm-18

You will also like:

Suck it. I wrapped my lips around the dildo and made a sucking motion. My cheeks pressed together. - Yes, slut, suck it, more, more. Mom began to move the phaloimitator back and forth, and I sucked the head in time with her movements, actively licking it with my tongue on occasion.



635 636 637 638 639